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Journals of the Chairman of the Faculty [manuscript] 1827-1864.

University of Virginia. Chairman of the Faculty; Bonnycastle, Charles; Courtenay, Edward H; Davis, John A G; Dunglison, Robley; Harrison, Gessner; Maupin, S; Patterson, Robert M; Tucker, George; Watts, E
Format
Manuscript/Archive; Online
Published
University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, VA
Language
English
Variant Title
Faculty Chairman Journals
Related Title
University of Virginia Archives antebellum records.
Summary
Earlier volumes discuss a variety of University business involving the Board of Visitors, proctors, janitors, patrons, and hotel keepers. The earliest contain verbatim transcripts of the chairman's correspondence, student petitions, etc. Later volumes focus on student affairs.
The chairman recorded faculty resolutions, withdrawals, dismissals and leaves of absence for students; refunding of fees; dispersal of monies for student purchases; admonishments to individual students for poor academic work and improper behavior (drinking, gambling, swearing, chewing, flute and horn playing, lighting fire crackers, food throwing, brandishing pistols and knives, cock fighting, appearing out of uniform, keeping dogs, playing ball on the Sabbath, firing tar barrels on the Lawn, failing to rise early, etc); student disturbances and disciplinary measures; course changes; student complaints, chiefly concerning food and lodging; names of ministers invited to preach; disrepair of facilities; a bequest of books by Christian Bohn, 1838; and Jefferson birthday and 4th of July celebrations.
Specific incidents of student disturbances include: shooting dogs, 1831; the stealing of horses from worshippers at the Charlottesville Baptist Church for a race; attacking a local bookseller, 1831; hazing of new matriculates and exploding gunpowder at a professor's window 1833; visiting a house of prostitution, 1833; an altercation involving future Congressman A. H. Buckner, 1833; averting a duel involving future C.S.A. general Louis Wigfall, 1835; the non-fatal shooting of a student following a drunken party, 1837; the horsewhipping of Gessner Harrison by two former students, 1839 and the subsequent shooting of one of the two by a constable; and the setting of a fire by an insane student, 1863.
There are frequent mentions of students' and professors' "servants" [i.e. slaves] in the earlier volumes and occasional mention of "University hands" in the later ones. Some of the incidents recorded include the flogging of "Thornton" for stealing, 1829; an assault on a female slave of Professor Patterson's, 1830; a free black washerwoman of bad character, 1830; "Thornton" and "Albert" gambling, 1831; Lewis Commodore, the bell ringer, "having proved a most valuable servant " was purchased by the University after he was "exposed to public sale in Charlottesville," 1832; student Merrit M. Robinson's Jefferson's Birthday oration mentioning abolition viewed unfavorably by students and faculty, 1832; student mistreatment of slaves, 1835-36; slaves supplying alcohol to students, 1837; dispute over hotel slaves doing errands in town for students, 1837; the beating of Lewis [Commodore] during a student prank, 1837; illegal keeping of hogs, 1838; ill slave necessitated student making own fire and carrying own water, 1838; the beating of "Fielding" for insolence by three students who also restrained Professor Bonnycastle from interfering, 1839; and the removal from the grounds of "Jackson," who had a white wife.
Topics of interest in the history of the University include the Mosby-Turpin affair, 1853; attendance at Presidential inaugurals, 1856, 1860; typhoid epidemics of 1829 and 1857; deaths and funerals of faculty, officers and board members; denial of public space for Clay and Jackson political rallies, 1832; selection of chaplains, 1833; brawl between students and wagoneers, 1833; efforts to shut down Keller's, a confectionary that sold liquor to students, 1835; objections to a Christmas recess and to allowing preaching by a Baptist minister, 1835; formation of a military company and student possession of firearms, followed by a general student "rebellion," 1836; a legislative committee's investigation of affairs at the University, particularly in regard to student riots, admission of students expelled elsewhere and the keeping of student money by the Patron, 1846; and the death of a student in a brawl during a wild animal show, 1846.
Civil War events include students volunteering in defense of the state after John Brown's Harper's Ferry raid, 1859; formation of the "Sons of Liberty" and "Southern Guard," 1860; Professor Holcombe's resignation to serve in the Virginia Secession Convention, 1861; raising the Confederate flag over the Rotunda; the expedition to seize the arsenal at Harper's Ferry with a listing of the rolls of the Sons of Liberty and Southern Guard, 1861; granting of Robert E. Lee, Jr., permission to form a military company and later permission to withdraw; attending the inauguration of Jefferson Davis; granting of leave to students to volunteer in the Confederate Army; storm damage to roofs and inability to repair from lack of tin; Confederate companies occupying the East Range and Observatory Mountain; rumor of a Federal advance on Staunton, 1862; interments of Turner Ashby and Carnot Posey in the University Cemetery; wounded from the battle of Port Republic; submitting to the Secretary of War, statistics on the age and military status of the 45 students on the grounds; and the unauthorized leave of disabled officer and student Everett W. Early with seven other students to participate in the battle of Spotsylvania, 1864.
Contents
  • I. 1827-1830 July
  • II. 1830 July-1831 July
  • III. 1831 July-1832 July
  • IV. 1832 July-1833 July
  • V. 1833 August-1835 June
  • VI. 1835 July-1837 June
  • VII. 1837 June-1838 June
  • VIII. 1838 July-1839 June
  • IX. 1845 July-1846 June
  • X. 1851-1854
  • XI. 1855-1858 July
  • XII. 1858 October-1861 June
  • XIII. 1861 October 7-1864 June 6.
Description
12 v.
Cite as
Journals of the Chairman of the Faculty, 1827-1864, RG-19/1/2.041, Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
Notes
  • This is an incomplete run. The years 1826 and 1840 are not present so there is no information here on Edgar Allan Poe or the murder of John A. G. Davis.
  • Vols. I, III are indexed.
  • Binding ticket of Ebenezer Watts, bookbinder of Charlottesville, in several volumes.
  • Journals kept by George Tucker, Robley Dunglison, Robert M. Patterson, Charles Bonnycastle, John A. G. Davis, Gessner Harrison, Edward H. Courtenay, and Socrates Maupin as Chairman of the Faculty.
  • Civil War volume given in memory of Socrates Maupin by the Baltimore chapter No. 8, United Daughters of the Confederacy.
  • Civil War volume appears to have been written at a later date from notes taken earlier.
Cited in
Charles Coleman Wall, Jr. Students and student life at the University of Virginia, University of Virginia, 1978.
Sixth annual report of the Archivist, University of Virginia Library, 1935-36, p. 12, no. 15.
Copyright Not EvaluatedCopyright Not Evaluated
Technical Details
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  • Staff View

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    a| This is an incomplete run. The years 1826 and 1840 are not present so there is no information here on Edgar Allan Poe or the murder of John A. G. Davis.
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    a| Vols. I, III are indexed.
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    a| Civil War volume given in memory of Socrates Maupin by the Baltimore chapter No. 8, United Daughters of the Confederacy.
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    a| I. 1827-1830 July -- II. 1830 July-1831 July -- III. 1831 July-1832 July -- IV. 1832 July-1833 July -- V. 1833 August-1835 June -- VI. 1835 July-1837 June -- VII. 1837 June-1838 June -- VIII. 1838 July-1839 June -- IX. 1845 July-1846 June -- X. 1851-1854 -- XI. 1855-1858 July -- XII. 1858 October-1861 June -- XIII. 1861 October 7-1864 June 6.
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    a| Charles Coleman Wall, Jr. Students and student life at the University of Virginia, University of Virginia, 1978.
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    a| Sixth annual report of the Archivist, University of Virginia Library, 1935-36, c| p. 12, no. 15.
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    a| Earlier volumes discuss a variety of University business involving the Board of Visitors, proctors, janitors, patrons, and hotel keepers. The earliest contain verbatim transcripts of the chairman's correspondence, student petitions, etc. Later volumes focus on student affairs.
    520
      
      
    a| The chairman recorded faculty resolutions, withdrawals, dismissals and leaves of absence for students; refunding of fees; dispersal of monies for student purchases; admonishments to individual students for poor academic work and improper behavior (drinking, gambling, swearing, chewing, flute and horn playing, lighting fire crackers, food throwing, brandishing pistols and knives, cock fighting, appearing out of uniform, keeping dogs, playing ball on the Sabbath, firing tar barrels on the Lawn, failing to rise early, etc); student disturbances and disciplinary measures; course changes; student complaints, chiefly concerning food and lodging; names of ministers invited to preach; disrepair of facilities; a bequest of books by Christian Bohn, 1838; and Jefferson birthday and 4th of July celebrations.
    520
      
      
    a| Specific incidents of student disturbances include: shooting dogs, 1831; the stealing of horses from worshippers at the Charlottesville Baptist Church for a race; attacking a local bookseller, 1831; hazing of new matriculates and exploding gunpowder at a professor's window 1833; visiting a house of prostitution, 1833; an altercation involving future Congressman A. H. Buckner, 1833; averting a duel involving future C.S.A. general Louis Wigfall, 1835; the non-fatal shooting of a student following a drunken party, 1837; the horsewhipping of Gessner Harrison by two former students, 1839 and the subsequent shooting of one of the two by a constable; and the setting of a fire by an insane student, 1863.
    520
      
      
    a| There are frequent mentions of students' and professors' "servants" [i.e. slaves] in the earlier volumes and occasional mention of "University hands" in the later ones. Some of the incidents recorded include the flogging of "Thornton" for stealing, 1829; an assault on a female slave of Professor Patterson's, 1830; a free black washerwoman of bad character, 1830; "Thornton" and "Albert" gambling, 1831; Lewis Commodore, the bell ringer, "having proved a most valuable servant " was purchased by the University after he was "exposed to public sale in Charlottesville," 1832; student Merrit M. Robinson's Jefferson's Birthday oration mentioning abolition viewed unfavorably by students and faculty, 1832; student mistreatment of slaves, 1835-36; slaves supplying alcohol to students, 1837; dispute over hotel slaves doing errands in town for students, 1837; the beating of Lewis [Commodore] during a student prank, 1837; illegal keeping of hogs, 1838; ill slave necessitated student making own fire and carrying own water, 1838; the beating of "Fielding" for insolence by three students who also restrained Professor Bonnycastle from interfering, 1839; and the removal from the grounds of "Jackson," who had a white wife.
    520
      
      
    a| Topics of interest in the history of the University include the Mosby-Turpin affair, 1853; attendance at Presidential inaugurals, 1856, 1860; typhoid epidemics of 1829 and 1857; deaths and funerals of faculty, officers and board members; denial of public space for Clay and Jackson political rallies, 1832; selection of chaplains, 1833; brawl between students and wagoneers, 1833; efforts to shut down Keller's, a confectionary that sold liquor to students, 1835; objections to a Christmas recess and to allowing preaching by a Baptist minister, 1835; formation of a military company and student possession of firearms, followed by a general student "rebellion," 1836; a legislative committee's investigation of affairs at the University, particularly in regard to student riots, admission of students expelled elsewhere and the keeping of student money by the Patron, 1846; and the death of a student in a brawl during a wild animal show, 1846.
    520
      
      
    a| Civil War events include students volunteering in defense of the state after John Brown's Harper's Ferry raid, 1859; formation of the "Sons of Liberty" and "Southern Guard," 1860; Professor Holcombe's resignation to serve in the Virginia Secession Convention, 1861; raising the Confederate flag over the Rotunda; the expedition to seize the arsenal at Harper's Ferry with a listing of the rolls of the Sons of Liberty and Southern Guard, 1861; granting of Robert E. Lee, Jr., permission to form a military company and later permission to withdraw; attending the inauguration of Jefferson Davis; granting of leave to students to volunteer in the Confederate Army; storm damage to roofs and inability to repair from lack of tin; Confederate companies occupying the East Range and Observatory Mountain; rumor of a Federal advance on Staunton, 1862; interments of Turner Ashby and Carnot Posey in the University Cemetery; wounded from the battle of Port Republic; submitting to the Secretary of War, statistics on the age and military status of the 45 students on the grounds; and the unauthorized leave of disabled officer and student Everett W. Early with seven other students to participate in the battle of Spotsylvania, 1864.
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    a| 10
    600
    1
    0
    a| Ashby, Turner, d| 1828-1862.
    600
    1
    0
    a| Bonnycastle, Charles, d| 1792-1840.
    600
    1
    0
    a| Buckner, Aylett Hawes, d| 1816-1894.
    600
    1
    0
    a| Commodore, Lewis, d| fl. 1832.
    600
    1
    0
    a| Early, Everett W.,, d| 1844-
    600
    1
    0
    a| Holcombe, James P. q| (James Philemon), d| 1820-1873
    600
    1
    0
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    600
    1
    0
    a| Mosby, John Singleton, d| 1833-1916.
    600
    1
    0
    a| Posey, Carnot, d| 1813-1863.
    600
    1
    0
    a| Robinson, M. M. q| (Merritt M.), d| -1850
    600
    1
    0
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    610
    1
    0
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    610
    2
    0
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    610
    2
    0
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    610
    2
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    610
    2
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    610
    2
    0
    a| University of Virginia. b| Chairman of the Faculty.
    610
    2
    0
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    610
    2
    0
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    610
    2
    0
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    610
    2
    0
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    610
    2
    0
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    610
    2
    0
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    0
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    0
    a| Flag raising and lowering.
    650
      
    0
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    650
      
    0
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    650
      
    0
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    650
      
    0
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    650
      
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    650
      
    0
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    650
      
    0
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    650
      
    0
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    0
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    0
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    651
      
    0
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    7
    a| Journals (Accounts) 2| aat
    655
      
    7
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    1
      
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    700
    1
      
    a| Courtenay, Edward H. q| (Edward Henry), d| 1803-1853.
    700
    1
      
    a| Davis, John A. G. q| (John Anthony Gardner), d| 1801-1840.
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    1
      
    a| Dunglison, Robley, d| 1798-1869.
    700
    1
      
    a| Harrison, Gessner, d| 1807-1862.
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    1
      
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    700
    1
      
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    700
    1
      
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    700
    1
      
    a| Watts, E. q| (Ebenezer), d| 1790-1862.
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    0
    1
    a| University of Virginia Archives antebellum records.
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RG-19/1/2.041