Item Details

The Ecology of Trees in the Tropical Rain Forest

I.M. Turner
Format
Book
Published
Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Language
English
Series
Cambridge Tropical Biology Series
ISBN
0521801834
Contents
  • Tropical rain forest 1
  • Tropical trees 2
  • Species 2
  • Tropical rain-forest diversity 6
  • Adaptation 9
  • Importance of phylogeny 10
  • Ecological classification of tropical rain-forest trees 13
  • 2 Growing tree 15
  • Trees: form, mechanics and hydraulics 15
  • Tree stature 15
  • Wood 18
  • Tropical timber 21
  • Mechanical design of trees 24
  • Buttresses 28
  • Leaning trees 34
  • Tree fall 35
  • Sap ascent 35
  • Tree hydraulics 37
  • Tree architecture 40
  • Allometry 41
  • Bark 46
  • Roots 46
  • Root hemi-parasites 48
  • Mineral nutrition 50
  • Mycorrhizas 52
  • Nitrogen fixation 56
  • Other methods of obtaining extra nutrients 57
  • Comparative use of nutrients 58
  • Element accumulation 60
  • Leaf form and physiology 60
  • Size, shape and other structural characteristics 62
  • Leaf protection 67
  • Defences of tropical forest trees 69
  • Classification of plant defences 81
  • Foliar bacterial nodules 82
  • Leaf development: coloured young leaves 83
  • Leaf longevity 86
  • Influence of shade 90
  • High light conditions 94
  • Other factors influencing leaf performance 95
  • Species groups based on leaf characteristics 96
  • 3 Tree performance 103
  • Age, size and growth in tropical rain-forest trees 103
  • Dynamics of tree populations in the rain forest 105
  • Mortality in trees 105
  • Tree growth in the forest 108
  • Tree performance in relation to light climate 111
  • Mortality, growth and adult size 114
  • Use of growth and mortality data to recognise species groups 116
  • Relative performance of species of similar life history 118
  • What limits tree growth? 119
  • Herbivory 121
  • 4 Reproductive biology 122
  • Reproduction 122
  • Vegetative reproduction 122
  • Sexual systems 123
  • Genetic diversity 125
  • When to flower? 127
  • Pollination 130
  • Pollination syndromes 131
  • Tropical flowers 144
  • Relative importance of different pollinators 145
  • Figs 146
  • Dispersal mechanisms 147
  • Autochory 147
  • Anemochory 148
  • Hydrochory 149
  • Zoochory 150
  • Dispersal syndromes 155
  • Secondary dispersal 162
  • Efficacy of seed dispersal 163
  • Clumped or scattered seed distributions 168
  • Seed survival 168
  • Tests of the escape hypothesis 171
  • Other advantages of dispersal 176
  • Search for the Janzen--Connell effect 177
  • Co-evolution 178
  • 5 Seeds and seedlings 180
  • Seeds 180
  • Seed size 180
  • Seed rain and the soil seed bank 186
  • Seed germination 188
  • Other influences on seedling establishment 194
  • Germination safe sites 194
  • Seedlings 194
  • Seedling and sapling form 195
  • Seedling dependence on seed reserves 197
  • Seedling mortality 199
  • Growth and survival with respect to light 204
  • Seedling responses to shade 208
  • Seedling shade tolerance 211
  • Traits of shade tolerance 213
  • On being light-demanding 216
  • Relevance of shade tolerance 216
  • Sudden changes in light availability 218
  • Water 220
  • Mineral nutrients 221
  • Defence in juveniles 224
  • 6 Classificatory systems for tropical trees 227
  • Height at maturity 227
  • Pioneer--climax dichotomy 233
  • Diagnostic characters 234
  • Reproduction 236
  • Demography 237
  • Growth and form 238
  • Physiology 241
  • Combining the two axes 244
  • Long-lived pioneers or late-secondary species 245
  • Parallels between pioneers and shade-tolerant understorey species 246
  • Where does this leave us? 247.
Description
xiv, 298 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Notes
Includes bibliographical references (p. 248-280) and indexes.
Technical Details
  • Access in Virgo Classic

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    a| The ecology of trees in the tropical rain forest / c| I.M. Turner.
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    a| Cambridge ; a| New York : b| Cambridge University Press, c| 2001.
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    a| xiv, 298 p. : b| ill. ; c| 24 cm.
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    t| Tropical rain forest g| 1 -- t| Tropical trees g| 2 -- t| Species g| 2 -- t| Tropical rain-forest diversity g| 6 -- t| Adaptation g| 9 -- t| Importance of phylogeny g| 10 -- t| Ecological classification of tropical rain-forest trees g| 13 -- g| 2 t| Growing tree g| 15 -- t| Trees: form, mechanics and hydraulics g| 15 -- t| Tree stature g| 15 -- t| Wood g| 18 -- t| Tropical timber g| 21 -- t| Mechanical design of trees g| 24 -- t| Buttresses g| 28 -- t| Leaning trees g| 34 -- t| Tree fall g| 35 -- t| Sap ascent g| 35 -- t| Tree hydraulics g| 37 -- t| Tree architecture g| 40 -- t| Allometry g| 41 -- t| Bark g| 46 -- t| Roots g| 46 -- t| Root hemi-parasites g| 48 -- t| Mineral nutrition g| 50 -- t| Mycorrhizas g| 52 -- t| Nitrogen fixation g| 56 -- t| Other methods of obtaining extra nutrients g| 57 -- t| Comparative use of nutrients g| 58 -- t| Element accumulation g| 60 -- t| Leaf form and physiology g| 60 -- t| Size, shape and other structural characteristics g| 62 -- t| Leaf protection g| 67 -- t| Defences of tropical forest trees g| 69 -- t| Classification of plant defences g| 81 -- t| Foliar bacterial nodules g| 82 -- t| Leaf development: coloured young leaves g| 83 -- t| Leaf longevity g| 86 -- t| Influence of shade g| 90 -- t| High light conditions g| 94 -- t| Other factors influencing leaf performance g| 95 -- t| Species groups based on leaf characteristics g| 96 -- g| 3 t| Tree performance g| 103 -- t| Age, size and growth in tropical rain-forest trees g| 103 -- t| Dynamics of tree populations in the rain forest g| 105 -- t| Mortality in trees g| 105 -- t| Tree growth in the forest g| 108 -- t| Tree performance in relation to light climate g| 111 -- t| Mortality, growth and adult size g| 114 -- t| Use of growth and mortality data to recognise species groups g| 116 -- t| Relative performance of species of similar life history g| 118 -- t| What limits tree growth? g| 119 -- t| Herbivory g| 121 -- g| 4 t| Reproductive biology g| 122 -- t| Reproduction g| 122 -- t| Vegetative reproduction g| 122 -- t| Sexual systems g| 123 -- t| Genetic diversity g| 125 -- t| When to flower? g| 127 -- t| Pollination g| 130 -- t| Pollination syndromes g| 131 -- t| Tropical flowers g| 144 -- t| Relative importance of different pollinators g| 145 -- t| Figs g| 146 -- t| Dispersal mechanisms g| 147 -- t| Autochory g| 147 -- t| Anemochory g| 148 -- t| Hydrochory g| 149 -- t| Zoochory g| 150 -- t| Dispersal syndromes g| 155 -- t| Secondary dispersal g| 162 -- t| Efficacy of seed dispersal g| 163 -- t| Clumped or scattered seed distributions g| 168 -- t| Seed survival g| 168 -- t| Tests of the escape hypothesis g| 171 -- t| Other advantages of dispersal g| 176 -- t| Search for the Janzen--Connell effect g| 177 -- t| Co-evolution g| 178 -- g| 5 t| Seeds and seedlings g| 180 -- t| Seeds g| 180 -- t| Seed size g| 180 -- t| Seed rain and the soil seed bank g| 186 -- t| Seed germination g| 188 -- t| Other influences on seedling establishment g| 194 -- t| Germination safe sites g| 194 -- t| Seedlings g| 194 -- t| Seedling and sapling form g| 195 -- t| Seedling dependence on seed reserves g| 197 -- t| Seedling mortality g| 199 -- t| Growth and survival with respect to light g| 204 -- t| Seedling responses to shade g| 208 -- t| Seedling shade tolerance g| 211 -- t| Traits of shade tolerance g| 213 -- t| On being light-demanding g| 216 -- t| Relevance of shade tolerance g| 216 -- t| Sudden changes in light availability g| 218 -- t| Water g| 220 -- t| Mineral nutrients g| 221 -- t| Defence in juveniles g| 224 -- g| 6 t| Classificatory systems for tropical trees g| 227 -- t| Height at maturity g| 227 -- t| Pioneer--climax dichotomy g| 233 -- t| Diagnostic characters g| 234 -- t| Reproduction g| 236 -- t| Demography g| 237 -- t| Growth and form g| 238 -- t| Physiology g| 241 -- t| Combining the two axes g| 244 -- t| Long-lived pioneers or late-secondary species g| 245 -- t| Parallels between pioneers and shade-tolerant understorey species g| 246 -- t| Where does this leave us? g| 247.
    596
      
      
    a| 5
    650
      
    0
    a| Rain forest plants x| Ecophysiology.
    650
      
    0
    a| Trees x| Ecophysiology z| Tropics.
    650
      
    0
    a| Rain forest ecology.
    650
      
    0
    a| Forests and forestry z| Tropics.
    999
      
      
    a| QK938 .R34 T87 2001 w| LC i| X004554922 l| STACKS m| SCI-ENG t| BOOK

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