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Handbook of Particle Physics

M.K. Sundaresan
Format
Book
Published
Boca Raton [Fla.] : CRC Press, c2001.
Language
English
Series
CRC Series in Pure and Applied Physics
Pure and Applied Physics (Boca Raton, Fla.)
ISBN
0849302153 (alk. paper)
Contents
  • Electron Discovered (1897) 2
  • Photon--Quantum of Radiation (1905) 3
  • Natural Radioactivity 3
  • Thomson Model of Atom 4
  • Rutherford Model of Atom 4
  • Measurement of Electron Charge by Millikan, X-ray Diffraction, Isotopes 4
  • Bohr Model of the Atom and the Beginnings of Quantum Mechanics 5
  • Chemistry, Nuclear Physics as Separate Disciplines 5
  • Proton Discovered (1919) 6
  • Need for Neutral Component in the Nucleus 6
  • Strong Interactions as Distinct from Electromagnetic 7
  • Intrinsic Angular Momentum--Electron Spin Introduced 7
  • Proton Spin Determined 7
  • Dirac's Theory of the Electron 8
  • Events Leading to the Discovery of the Neutron 8
  • Chadwick's Discovery of the Neutron 9
  • Photon Spin Determined (1931) 9
  • Nuclear Magnetic Moments Measured; Neutron Spin 10
  • Electron Spin from Dirac's Theory and Antiparticles 10
  • Discovery of Cosmic Radiation and the Positron 10
  • Postulate of the Neutrino 11
  • Field Theory of [beta] Decay 12
  • Yukawa's Prediction of Mesons 12
  • Nuclear Physics Developments (1930-1950); Isotopic Spin 13
  • Muon discovered 14
  • Lamb Shift, g - 2 measurements 15
  • Field Theories--Quantization and QED 15
  • Pion Discovered (1947) 18
  • V Particles 18
  • Pions Produced in the Laboratory (1949) 18
  • Pion Properties Determined (1951) 19
  • Nature of V Particles Clarified: [logical and superscript 0] and K[superscript 0] 20
  • Charged Hyperons 20
  • V Particles, Hyperons, New Particles, Produced in the Laboratory 20
  • Associated Production of New Particles 21
  • Gell-Mann, Nishijima Scheme 22
  • Yang-Mills Field Theory (1954) 23
  • Tau-Theta Puzzle 23
  • Parity Violation Observed (1957) 24
  • CP Conservation (1957) 24
  • Neutral K Mesons and CP Violation 25
  • SU[subscript 3] Symmetry 26
  • Other Theoretical Developments (1950-1970) 27
  • Other Developments in Experimental Techniques (1950-1990) 30
  • Direct Observation of Neutrinos (1956) 33
  • Neutrinos of Different Flavor (1957) 33
  • Experimental Discovery of Neutrinos of Different Flavor (1963) 33
  • Quark-Lepton Symmetry and Charm Quark Proposal (1964) 33
  • Bjorken Scaling and Its Experimental Discovery (1969) 34
  • Parton Model (1969) 34
  • Renormalization of Yang-Mills Field Theory (1971) 35
  • Experiments Find Weak Neutral Current Effects (1973) 35
  • Yang-Mills Theories and Asymptotic Freedom (1973) 36
  • QCD Formulated (1973) 36
  • Standard Model Formulated (1973-1974) 37
  • Discovery of Charm Quark; Hidden Charm (1974) 37
  • Charm Hadrons Found (1975-1977) 38
  • Tau Lepton Found (1975) 38
  • Discovery of the Bottom/Beauty Quark; Hidden Bottom/Beauty (1977) 38
  • Efforts at Grand Unification 39
  • Supersymmetry 40
  • Weak Neutral Currents (1978) 41
  • Evidence for Gluons (1979) 41
  • Gluon Spin Determined (1980) 42
  • Hadrons with b Quarks Found (1981) 42
  • Discovery of W[superscript plus or minus] and Z[superscript 0] (1983) 43
  • High Energy e[superscript +]e[superscript -] Experiments at LEP and SLC 43
  • Discovery of the Top Quark (1995) 46
  • More on Neutrinos 47
  • Future Outlook 50
  • 2 Historical Overview of Accelerators and Colliding Beam Machines 51
  • Accelerators 51
  • Cockcroft-Walton Generators 52
  • Van de Graaff Accelerator 52
  • Cyclotron 53
  • Synchrocyclotron 54
  • Betatron 54
  • Betatron Oscillations 55
  • Synchrotron: Principle of Phase Stability 55
  • Alternating Gradient Strong Focusing Machines 56
  • Some Fixed Target High Energy Accelerators 57
  • Synchrotron Radiation 57
  • Linear Accelerator 58
  • Colliding Beams Accelerator 58
  • Luminosity in Colliding Beams 59
  • Proton-Proton and Proton-Antiproton Colliders 60
  • e[superscript +]e[superscript -] Collider Rings 61
  • e[superscript +]e[superscript -] Linear Collider 63
  • 3 Historical Overview of Detector Developments 65
  • Development of Detectors for9 Particle Physics 65
  • Ionization Energy Loss and the Bethe-Bloch Equation 67
  • Effects of Multiple Scattering of Charged Particles 68
  • Energy Loss by Radiation: Bremsstrahlung 69
  • Physical Processes with Photons 70
  • Atomic Photoelectric Absorption 71
  • Scattering of Photons by Quasi-Free Electrons 72
  • Production of Electron-Positron Pairs by Gamma Rays 73
  • Energy Loss by Strong Interactions 74
  • Zinc-Sulphide Screen 74
  • Cloud Chamber 75
  • Bubble Chamber 75
  • Spark Chamber 77
  • Streamer Chambers 78
  • Scintillation Counters 79
  • Cherenkov Detectors 80
  • Transition Radiation Detector 84
  • Nuclear Emulsion Method 85
  • Ionization Chamber 86
  • Silicon Microstrip Detectors 87
  • Proportional Counters 87
  • Geiger Counter 88
  • Multiwire Proportional Chamber (MWPC) 89
  • Microstrip Gas Detector 91
  • Planar Drift Chamber 92
  • Cylindrical Wire Chambers 92
  • Cylindrical Jet Chambers 93
  • Electron Shower Calorimeters 94
  • Hadron Shower Calorimeters 94
  • Time Projection Chamber (TPC) 95
  • Detectors at LEP 97
  • ALEPH Experiment 98
  • DELPHI Experiment 99
  • L3 Experiment 101
  • OPAL Experiment 102
  • SLD Detector 106
  • Glossary--Alphabetical Listing of Topics 107.
Description
446 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
Notes
Includes bibliographical references (p. 427-446).
Technical Details
  • Access in Virgo Classic
  • Staff View

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    t| Electron Discovered (1897) g| 2 -- t| Photon--Quantum of Radiation (1905) g| 3 -- t| Natural Radioactivity g| 3 -- t| Thomson Model of Atom g| 4 -- t| Rutherford Model of Atom g| 4 -- t| Measurement of Electron Charge by Millikan, X-ray Diffraction, Isotopes g| 4 -- t| Bohr Model of the Atom and the Beginnings of Quantum Mechanics g| 5 -- t| Chemistry, Nuclear Physics as Separate Disciplines g| 5 -- t| Proton Discovered (1919) g| 6 -- t| Need for Neutral Component in the Nucleus g| 6 -- t| Strong Interactions as Distinct from Electromagnetic g| 7 -- t| Intrinsic Angular Momentum--Electron Spin Introduced g| 7 -- t| Proton Spin Determined g| 7 -- t| Dirac's Theory of the Electron g| 8 -- t| Events Leading to the Discovery of the Neutron g| 8 -- t| Chadwick's Discovery of the Neutron g| 9 -- t| Photon Spin Determined (1931) g| 9 -- t| Nuclear Magnetic Moments Measured; Neutron Spin g| 10 -- t| Electron Spin from Dirac's Theory and Antiparticles g| 10 -- t| Discovery of Cosmic Radiation and the Positron g| 10 -- t| Postulate of the Neutrino g| 11 -- t| Field Theory of [beta] Decay g| 12 -- t| Yukawa's Prediction of Mesons g| 12 -- t| Nuclear Physics Developments (1930-1950); Isotopic Spin g| 13 -- t| Muon discovered g| 14 -- t| Lamb Shift, g - 2 measurements g| 15 -- t| Field Theories--Quantization and QED g| 15 -- t| Pion Discovered (1947) g| 18 -- t| V Particles g| 18 -- t| Pions Produced in the Laboratory (1949) g| 18 -- t| Pion Properties Determined (1951) g| 19 -- t| Nature of V Particles Clarified: [logical and superscript 0] and K[superscript 0] g| 20 -- t| Charged Hyperons g| 20 -- t| V Particles, Hyperons, New Particles, Produced in the Laboratory g| 20 -- t| Associated Production of New Particles g| 21 -- t| Gell-Mann, Nishijima Scheme g| 22 -- t| Yang-Mills Field Theory (1954) g| 23 -- t| Tau-Theta Puzzle g| 23 -- t| Parity Violation Observed (1957) g| 24 -- t| CP Conservation (1957) g| 24 -- t| Neutral K Mesons and CP Violation g| 25 -- t| SU[subscript 3] Symmetry g| 26 -- t| Other Theoretical Developments (1950-1970) g| 27 -- t| Other Developments in Experimental Techniques (1950-1990) g| 30 -- t| Direct Observation of Neutrinos (1956) g| 33 -- t| Neutrinos of Different Flavor (1957) g| 33 -- t| Experimental Discovery of Neutrinos of Different Flavor (1963) g| 33 -- t| Quark-Lepton Symmetry and Charm Quark Proposal (1964) g| 33 -- t| Bjorken Scaling and Its Experimental Discovery (1969) g| 34 -- t| Parton Model (1969) g| 34 -- t| Renormalization of Yang-Mills Field Theory (1971) g| 35 -- t| Experiments Find Weak Neutral Current Effects (1973) g| 35 -- t| Yang-Mills Theories and Asymptotic Freedom (1973) g| 36 -- t| QCD Formulated (1973) g| 36 -- t| Standard Model Formulated (1973-1974) g| 37 -- t| Discovery of Charm Quark; Hidden Charm (1974) g| 37 -- t| Charm Hadrons Found (1975-1977) g| 38 -- t| Tau Lepton Found (1975) g| 38 -- t| Discovery of the Bottom/Beauty Quark; Hidden Bottom/Beauty (1977) g| 38 -- t| Efforts at Grand Unification g| 39 -- t| Supersymmetry g| 40 -- t| Weak Neutral Currents (1978) g| 41 -- t| Evidence for Gluons (1979) g| 41 -- t| Gluon Spin Determined (1980) g| 42 -- t| Hadrons with b Quarks Found (1981) g| 42 -- t| Discovery of W[superscript plus or minus] and Z[superscript 0] (1983) g| 43 -- t| High Energy e[superscript +]e[superscript -] Experiments at LEP and SLC g| 43 -- t| Discovery of the Top Quark (1995) g| 46 -- t| More on Neutrinos g| 47 -- t| Future Outlook g| 50 -- g| 2 t| Historical Overview of Accelerators and Colliding Beam Machines g| 51 -- t| Accelerators g| 51 -- t| Cockcroft-Walton Generators g| 52 -- t| Van de Graaff Accelerator g| 52 -- t| Cyclotron g| 53 -- t| Synchrocyclotron g| 54 -- t| Betatron g| 54 -- t| Betatron Oscillations g| 55 -- t| Synchrotron: Principle of Phase Stability g| 55 -- t| Alternating Gradient Strong Focusing Machines g| 56 -- t| Some Fixed Target High Energy Accelerators g| 57 -- t| Synchrotron Radiation g| 57 -- t| Linear Accelerator g| 58 -- t| Colliding Beams Accelerator g| 58 -- t| Luminosity in Colliding Beams g| 59 -- t| Proton-Proton and Proton-Antiproton Colliders g| 60 -- t| e[superscript +]e[superscript -] Collider Rings g| 61 -- t| e[superscript +]e[superscript -] Linear Collider g| 63 -- g| 3 t| Historical Overview of Detector Developments g| 65 -- t| Development of Detectors for9 Particle Physics g| 65 -- t| Ionization Energy Loss and the Bethe-Bloch Equation g| 67 -- t| Effects of Multiple Scattering of Charged Particles g| 68 -- t| Energy Loss by Radiation: Bremsstrahlung g| 69 -- t| Physical Processes with Photons g| 70 -- t| Atomic Photoelectric Absorption g| 71 -- t| Scattering of Photons by Quasi-Free Electrons g| 72 -- t| Production of Electron-Positron Pairs by Gamma Rays g| 73 -- t| Energy Loss by Strong Interactions g| 74 -- t| Zinc-Sulphide Screen g| 74 -- t| Cloud Chamber g| 75 -- t| Bubble Chamber g| 75 -- t| Spark Chamber g| 77 -- t| Streamer Chambers g| 78 -- t| Scintillation Counters g| 79 -- t| Cherenkov Detectors g| 80 -- t| Transition Radiation Detector g| 84 -- t| Nuclear Emulsion Method g| 85 -- t| Ionization Chamber g| 86 -- t| Silicon Microstrip Detectors g| 87 -- t| Proportional Counters g| 87 -- t| Geiger Counter g| 88 -- t| Multiwire Proportional Chamber (MWPC) g| 89 -- t| Microstrip Gas Detector g| 91 -- t| Planar Drift Chamber g| 92 -- t| Cylindrical Wire Chambers g| 92 -- t| Cylindrical Jet Chambers g| 93 -- t| Electron Shower Calorimeters g| 94 -- t| Hadron Shower Calorimeters g| 94 -- t| Time Projection Chamber (TPC) g| 95 -- t| Detectors at LEP g| 97 -- t| ALEPH Experiment g| 98 -- t| DELPHI Experiment g| 99 -- t| L3 Experiment g| 101 -- t| OPAL Experiment g| 102 -- t| SLD Detector g| 106 -- t| Glossary--Alphabetical Listing of Topics g| 107.
    596
      
      
    a| 9
    650
      
    0
    a| Particles (Nuclear physics) v| Handbooks, manuals, etc.
    830
      
    0
    a| Pure and applied physics (Boca Raton, Fla.)
    999
      
      
    a| QC783 .S86 2001 w| LC i| X004526552 l| STACKS m| PHYSICS t| BOOK
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