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Polymers From the Inside Out: An Introduction to Macromolecules

Alan E. Tonelli and Mohan Srinivasarao
Format
Book
Published
New York : Wiley-Interscience, c2001.
Language
English
ISBN
0471381381 (cloth : alk. paper)
Contents
  • Long-Chain Molecules 1
  • Conformations, Sizes, and Shapes 3
  • Polymers and Time 7
  • Polymer Physics and Chemistry 9
  • 2 Step-Growth Polymerization 11
  • General Characteristics 11
  • Molecular Weights of Step-Grown Polymers 15
  • Step-Growth Monomers 17
  • Step-Growth Polymers 18
  • Polyesters 18
  • Polyamides 20
  • Polyurethanes and Polyureas 22
  • Formaldehyde Thermosets 23
  • Step-Growth Polymerization in an Open System 23
  • Stoichiometric Control of Step-Growth Polymerization 25
  • Molecular Weights and Their Distribution 29
  • Kinetics of Step-Growth Polymerization 30
  • 3 Chain-Growth Polymerization 37
  • General Characteristics 37
  • Contrast Between Chain- and Step-Growth Polymerizations 39
  • Details of Chain-Growth Polymerization 42
  • Chain-Grown Polymer Sizes 44
  • Transfer of Chain Growth 45
  • Chain-Grown Polymers 46
  • Kinetics of Chain-Growth Polymerization 46
  • Chain-Grown Copolymers and the Copolymer Equation 51
  • Emulsion Polymerization 56
  • Living Chain-Growth Polymerization 57
  • 4 Microstructures of Polymers 62
  • Elements of Polymer Microstructure 63
  • Copolymer Sequences 68
  • Organization of Polymer Chains 69
  • Polymer Microstructures and Properties 70
  • Determination of Polymer Microstructure-NMR Spectroscopy 72
  • Connecting Polymer Microstructures with Their NMR Spectra 76
  • 5 Conformational Characteristics of Polymers 87
  • Rotational Isomeric State Model 87
  • Polymer Microstructures and Conformations 93
  • Polymer Conformations and Sizes 97
  • RIS Model and Polymer Dimensions 100
  • Environmental Effects on Polymer Conformations 105
  • 6 Solution Properties of Polymers 110
  • Polymer Excluded Volume 110
  • Volume Influenced by a Randomly Coiling Polymer 112
  • Intrinsic Viscosity of a Polymer Solution 114
  • Turbulent Flow of Polymer Solutions 116
  • Polymer Solubility 118
  • Anisotropic, Liquid Crystalline Polymer Solutions 119
  • Polymer Molecular Weights Measured in Solution 120
  • Osmotic Pressure of Polymer Solutions 122
  • Light Scattering from Polymer Solutions 122
  • Estimation of Polymer Dimensions in Solution 125
  • Size-Exclusion Chromatography 128
  • Time-Dependence of Flowing Polymer Solutions 131
  • 7 Bulk Properties of Polymers 137
  • Polymer Liquids 138
  • Polymer Glasses 141
  • Polymer Elastomers 148
  • Crystalline Polymers 156
  • Melting of Polymer Crystals 162
  • Polymer Fibers 164
  • Melt Viscosity 167
  • Polymer Glass-Transition Temperatures 171
  • Impact Strength of Polymers 174
  • Modulus of an Elastomeric Polymer Network 177
  • Polymer Melting 180
  • 8 Naturally Occurring Biopolymers 189
  • Polysaccharides 189
  • Polypeptides and Proteins 195
  • Poly (Nucleic Acids) 213
  • DNA-Directed Protein Synthesis 218
  • Protein Folding 223
  • DNA Replication and Transcription 231
  • Genetic Code 233.
Description
xxv, 249 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Notes
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Technical Details
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  • Staff View

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    t| Long-Chain Molecules g| 1 -- t| Conformations, Sizes, and Shapes g| 3 -- t| Polymers and Time g| 7 -- t| Polymer Physics and Chemistry g| 9 -- g| 2 t| Step-Growth Polymerization g| 11 -- t| General Characteristics g| 11 -- t| Molecular Weights of Step-Grown Polymers g| 15 -- t| Step-Growth Monomers g| 17 -- t| Step-Growth Polymers g| 18 -- t| Polyesters g| 18 -- t| Polyamides g| 20 -- t| Polyurethanes and Polyureas g| 22 -- t| Formaldehyde Thermosets g| 23 -- t| Step-Growth Polymerization in an Open System g| 23 -- t| Stoichiometric Control of Step-Growth Polymerization g| 25 -- t| Molecular Weights and Their Distribution g| 29 -- t| Kinetics of Step-Growth Polymerization g| 30 -- g| 3 t| Chain-Growth Polymerization g| 37 -- t| General Characteristics g| 37 -- t| Contrast Between Chain- and Step-Growth Polymerizations g| 39 -- t| Details of Chain-Growth Polymerization g| 42 -- t| Chain-Grown Polymer Sizes g| 44 -- t| Transfer of Chain Growth g| 45 -- t| Chain-Grown Polymers g| 46 -- t| Kinetics of Chain-Growth Polymerization g| 46 -- t| Chain-Grown Copolymers and the Copolymer Equation g| 51 -- t| Emulsion Polymerization g| 56 -- t| Living Chain-Growth Polymerization g| 57 -- g| 4 t| Microstructures of Polymers g| 62 -- t| Elements of Polymer Microstructure g| 63 -- t| Copolymer Sequences g| 68 -- t| Organization of Polymer Chains g| 69 -- t| Polymer Microstructures and Properties g| 70 -- t| Determination of Polymer Microstructure-NMR Spectroscopy g| 72 -- t| Connecting Polymer Microstructures with Their NMR Spectra g| 76 -- g| 5 t| Conformational Characteristics of Polymers g| 87 -- t| Rotational Isomeric State Model g| 87 -- t| Polymer Microstructures and Conformations g| 93 -- t| Polymer Conformations and Sizes g| 97 -- t| RIS Model and Polymer Dimensions g| 100 -- t| Environmental Effects on Polymer Conformations g| 105 -- g| 6 t| Solution Properties of Polymers g| 110 -- t| Polymer Excluded Volume g| 110 -- t| Volume Influenced by a Randomly Coiling Polymer g| 112 -- t| Intrinsic Viscosity of a Polymer Solution g| 114 -- t| Turbulent Flow of Polymer Solutions g| 116 -- t| Polymer Solubility g| 118 -- t| Anisotropic, Liquid Crystalline Polymer Solutions g| 119 -- t| Polymer Molecular Weights Measured in Solution g| 120 -- t| Osmotic Pressure of Polymer Solutions g| 122 -- t| Light Scattering from Polymer Solutions g| 122 -- t| Estimation of Polymer Dimensions in Solution g| 125 -- t| Size-Exclusion Chromatography g| 128 -- t| Time-Dependence of Flowing Polymer Solutions g| 131 -- g| 7 t| Bulk Properties of Polymers g| 137 -- t| Polymer Liquids g| 138 -- t| Polymer Glasses g| 141 -- t| Polymer Elastomers g| 148 -- t| Crystalline Polymers g| 156 -- t| Melting of Polymer Crystals g| 162 -- t| Polymer Fibers g| 164 -- t| Melt Viscosity g| 167 -- t| Polymer Glass-Transition Temperatures g| 171 -- t| Impact Strength of Polymers g| 174 -- t| Modulus of an Elastomeric Polymer Network g| 177 -- t| Polymer Melting g| 180 -- g| 8 t| Naturally Occurring Biopolymers g| 189 -- t| Polysaccharides g| 189 -- t| Polypeptides and Proteins g| 195 -- t| Poly (Nucleic Acids) g| 213 -- t| DNA-Directed Protein Synthesis g| 218 -- t| Protein Folding g| 223 -- t| DNA Replication and Transcription g| 231 -- t| Genetic Code g| 233.
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