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Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates

edited by James H. Thorp, Alan P. Covich
Format
Book
Published
San Diego, Calif. : London : Academic, 2001.
Edition
2nd ed
Language
English
ISBN
0126906475
Contents
  • II. Approches to Taxonomic Classification 1
  • III. Synopses of the North American Freshwater Invertebrates 4
  • IV. Taxonomic Key to Major Taxa of Freshwater Invertebrates 16
  • 2 An Overview of Freshwater Habitats / James H. Thorp, Alan P. Covich
  • II. Lotic Environments 19
  • III. Underground Aquatic Habitats 30
  • IV. Lentic Ecosystems 33
  • 3 Protozoa / William D. Taylor, Robert W. Sanders
  • II. Anatomy and Physiology 45
  • III. Ecology and Evolution 58
  • IV. Collecting, Rearing, and Preparation for Identification 69
  • V. Identification of Protozoa 70
  • 4 Porifera / Thomas M. Frost, Henry M. Reiswig, Anthony Ricciardi
  • II. Structure and Physiology 97
  • III. Ecology and Evolution 105
  • IV. Collecting, Rearing, and Preparing Sponges for Identification 115
  • V. Classification 116
  • 5 Cnidaria / Lawrence B. Slobodkin, Patricia E. Bossert
  • II. General Biology of Cnidaria 136
  • III. Descriptive Ecology of Freshwater Cnidaria 140
  • IV. Collection and Maintenance of Freshwater Cnidaria 150
  • V. Classification of Freshwater Cnidaria 151
  • 6 Flatworms: Turbellaria and Nemertea / Jurek Kolasa
  • Turbellaria
  • I. Introduction: Status in the Animal Kingdom 156
  • II. Anatomy and Physiology 156
  • III. Ecology 158
  • IV. Current and Future Research Problems 162
  • V. Collecting, Rearing, and Identification Techniques 163
  • VI. Identification of North American Genera of Freshwater Turbellaria 163
  • Nemertea
  • VII. General Characteristics, External and Internal Anatomical Features 173
  • VIII. Ecology 174
  • IX. Current and Future Research Problems 176
  • X. Collection, Culturing, and Preservation 176
  • XI. Taxonomic Key to Species of Freshwater Nemertea in North America 176
  • 7 Gastrotricha / David Strayer, William D. Hummon
  • II. Anatomy and Physiology 182
  • III. Ecology and Evolution 183
  • IV. Collecting, Rearing, and Preparation for Identification 188
  • V. Taxonomic Key 189
  • 8 Phylum Rotifera / Robert Lee Wallace, Terry W. Snell
  • II. Anatomy and Physiology 197
  • III. Ecology and Evolution 207
  • IV. Collecting, Rearing, and Preparation for Identification 230
  • V. Classification and Systematics 233
  • 9 Nematoda and Nematomorpha / George O. Poinar
  • Nematoda
  • II. Morphology and Physiology 256
  • III. Development and Life History 260
  • IV. Ecology 261
  • V. Collecting and Rearing Techniques 265
  • VI. Identification 269
  • Nematomorpha
  • VIII. Morphology and Physiology 282
  • IX. Development and Life History 288
  • X. Sampling 290
  • XI. Identification 291
  • 10 Mollusca: Gastropoda / Kenneth M. Brown
  • II. Anatomy and Physiology 298
  • III. Ecology and Evolution 302
  • IV. Collecting and Culturing Freshwater Gastropods 315
  • V. Identification of Freshwater Gastropods of North America 315
  • 11 Mollusca: Bivalvia / Robert F. McMahon, Arthur E. Bogan
  • II. Anatomy and Physiology 333
  • III. Ecology and Evolution 354
  • IV. Collecting, Preparation for Identification, and Rearing 393
  • V. Identification of the Freshwater Bivalves of North America 397
  • 12 Annelida: Oligochaeta, Including Branchiobdellidae / Ralph O. Brinkhurst, Stuart R. Gelder
  • Oligochaeta
  • I. Introduction to Oligochaeta 431
  • II. Oligochaete Anatomy and Physiology 432
  • III. Ecology and Evolution of Oligochaeta 438
  • IV. Collecting, Rearing, and Preparation of Oligochaetes for Identification 444
  • V. Taxonomic Keys for Oligochaeta 446
  • Branchiobdellidae
  • VI. Introduction to Branchiobdellidae 456
  • VII. Anatomy and Physiology of Branchiobdellidans 456
  • VIII. Ecology and Evolution 458
  • IX. Identification of Branchiobdellidans 459
  • 13 Annelida: Euhirudinea and Acanthobdellidae / Ronald W. Davies, Fredric R. Govedich
  • I. Introduction to Euhirudinea and Acanthobdellidae 465
  • 9 II. Taxonomic Status and Characteristics 466
  • III. Euhirudinea and Acanthobdellidae 468
  • IV. Ecology 474
  • V. Collection and Rearing 486
  • VI. Identification 486
  • VII. Taxonomic Keys 489
  • 14 Bryozoans / Timothy S. Wood
  • II. Anatomy and Physiology 505
  • III. Ecology and Evolution 511
  • IV. Entoprocta 515
  • V. Study Methods 516
  • VI. Taxonomic Key 517
  • 15 Tardigrada / Diane R. Nelson
  • II. Anatomy 528
  • III. Physiology (Latent States) 535
  • IV. Reproduction and Development 536
  • V. Ecology 539
  • VI. Techniques for Collection, Extraction, and Microscopy 543
  • VII. Identification 544
  • 16 Water Mites (Hydrachnida) and other Arachnids / Ian M. Smith, Bruce P. Smith, David R. Cook
  • I. Introduction to Arachnids 551
  • II. Water Mites (Hydrachnida) 552
  • III. Other Arachnids in Freshwater Habitats 651
  • 17 Diversity and Classification of Insects and Collembola / William L. Hilsenhoff
  • II. Aquatic Orders of Insects 664
  • III. Partially Aquatic Orders of Insects 681
  • IV. Semiaquatic Collembola--Springtails 699
  • V. Identification of the Freshwater Insects and Collembola 700
  • 18 Aquatic Insect Ecology / Anne E. Hershey, Gary A. Lamberti
  • II. Aquatic Insect Communities 733
  • III. Aquatic Insect Life Histories 747
  • IV. Insect-Mediated Processes 751
  • V. Secondary Production 761
  • VI. Effects of Land Use on Aquatic Insect Communities 763
  • VII. Role of Disturbance 765
  • VIII. Aquatic Insects in Biomonitoring Studies 767
  • 19 Introduction to the Subphylum Crustacea / Alan P. Covich, James H. Thorp
  • II. Anatomy and Physiology of Crustacea 780
  • III. Ecology and Evolution of Selected Crustacea 787
  • IV. Collecting, Rearing, and Preparation for Identification 798
  • V. Classification of Peracarida and Brachiura 799
  • 20 Ostracoda / L. Denis Delorme
  • II. Anatomy and Physiology 812
  • III. Life History 817
  • IV. Distribution 820
  • V. Chemical Habitat 821
  • VI. Physical Habitat 823
  • VII. Physiological and Morphological Adaptations 826
  • VIII. Behavioral Ecology 827
  • IX. Foraging Relationships 827
  • X. Population Regulation 828
  • XI. Collecting and Rearing Techniques 829
  • XII. Uses of Freshwater Ostracoda 831
  • XIII. Current and Future Research Problems 832
  • XIV. Classification of Freshwater Ostracodes 832
  • 21 Cladocera and other Branchiopoda / Stanley I. Dodson, David G. Frey
  • Cladocera
  • II. Anatomy and Physiology 851
  • III. Distribution 860
  • IV. Behavior 862
  • V. What Cladocerans Eat and What Eats Cladocerans 866
  • VI. Population Regulation 867
  • VII. Functional Role in the Ecosystem 868
  • VIII. Paleolimnology and Molecular Phylogeny 868
  • IX. Toxicology 871
  • X. Current and Future Research 873
  • XI. Collecting and Rearing 873
  • XII. Taxonomic Keys for Cladoceran Genera 875
  • Other Branchiopods
  • XIII. Anatomy and Physiology of the Other Branchiopods 891
  • XIV. Ecology of the Other Branchiopods 893
  • XV. Current and Future Research Problems 899
  • XVI. Collecting and Rearing Techniques 899
  • XVII. Taxonomic Keys for Non-Cladoceran Genera of Branchiopods 899
  • 22 Copepoda / Craig E. Williamson, Janet W. Reid
  • II. Anatomy and Physiology 916
  • III. Ecology and Evolution 920
  • IV. Current and Future Research Problems 933
  • V. Collecting and Rearing Techniques 934
  • VI. Identification Techniques 935
  • 23 Decapoda / H. H. Hobbs III
  • II. Anatomy and Physiology 955
  • III. Ecology and Evolution 964
  • IV. Current and Future Research Problems 986
  • V. Collecting and Rearing Techniques 989
  • VI. Identification 991.
Description
xvi, 1056 p. : ill. ; 29 cm.
Notes
  • Previous ed.: 1991.
  • Includes bibliographical references and index.
Technical Details
  • Access in Virgo Classic
  • Staff View

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    g| II. t| Approches to Taxonomic Classification g| 1 -- g| III. t| Synopses of the North American Freshwater Invertebrates g| 4 -- g| IV. t| Taxonomic Key to Major Taxa of Freshwater Invertebrates g| 16 -- g| 2 t| An Overview of Freshwater Habitats / r| James H. Thorp, Alan P. Covich -- g| II. t| Lotic Environments g| 19 -- g| III. t| Underground Aquatic Habitats g| 30 -- g| IV. t| Lentic Ecosystems g| 33 -- g| 3 t| Protozoa / r| William D. Taylor, Robert W. Sanders -- g| II. t| Anatomy and Physiology g| 45 -- g| III. t| Ecology and Evolution g| 58 -- g| IV. t| Collecting, Rearing, and Preparation for Identification g| 69 -- g| V. t| Identification of Protozoa g| 70 -- g| 4 t| Porifera / r| Thomas M. Frost, Henry M. Reiswig, Anthony Ricciardi -- g| II. t| Structure and Physiology g| 97 -- g| III. t| Ecology and Evolution g| 105 -- g| IV. t| Collecting, Rearing, and Preparing Sponges for Identification g| 115 -- g| V. t| Classification g| 116 -- g| 5 t| Cnidaria / r| Lawrence B. Slobodkin, Patricia E. Bossert -- g| II. t| General Biology of Cnidaria g| 136 -- g| III. t| Descriptive Ecology of Freshwater Cnidaria g| 140 -- g| IV. t| Collection and Maintenance of Freshwater Cnidaria g| 150 -- g| V. t| Classification of Freshwater Cnidaria g| 151 -- g| 6 t| Flatworms: Turbellaria and Nemertea / r| Jurek Kolasa -- t| Turbellaria -- g| I. t| Introduction: Status in the Animal Kingdom g| 156 -- g| II. t| Anatomy and Physiology g| 156 -- g| III. t| Ecology g| 158 -- g| IV. t| Current and Future Research Problems g| 162 -- g| V. t| Collecting, Rearing, and Identification Techniques g| 163 -- g| VI. t| Identification of North American Genera of Freshwater Turbellaria g| 163 -- t| Nemertea -- g| VII. t| General Characteristics, External and Internal Anatomical Features g| 173 -- g| VIII. t| Ecology g| 174 -- g| IX. t| Current and Future Research Problems g| 176 -- g| X. t| Collection, Culturing, and Preservation g| 176 -- g| XI. t| Taxonomic Key to Species of Freshwater Nemertea in North America g| 176 -- g| 7 t| Gastrotricha / r| David Strayer, William D. Hummon -- g| II. t| Anatomy and Physiology g| 182 -- g| III. t| Ecology and Evolution g| 183 -- g| IV. t| Collecting, Rearing, and Preparation for Identification g| 188 -- g| V. t| Taxonomic Key g| 189 -- g| 8 t| Phylum Rotifera / r| Robert Lee Wallace, Terry W. Snell -- g| II. t| Anatomy and Physiology g| 197 -- g| III. t| Ecology and Evolution g| 207 -- g| IV. t| Collecting, Rearing, and Preparation for Identification g| 230 -- g| V. t| Classification and Systematics g| 233 -- g| 9 t| Nematoda and Nematomorpha / r| George O. Poinar -- t| Nematoda -- g| II. t| Morphology and Physiology g| 256 -- g| III. t| Development and Life History g| 260 -- g| IV. t| Ecology g| 261 -- g| V. t| Collecting and Rearing Techniques g| 265 -- g| VI. t| Identification g| 269 -- t| Nematomorpha -- g| VIII. t| Morphology and Physiology g| 282 -- g| IX. t| Development and Life History g| 288 -- g| X. t| Sampling g| 290 -- g| XI. t| Identification g| 291 -- g| 10 t| Mollusca: Gastropoda / r| Kenneth M. Brown -- g| II. t| Anatomy and Physiology g| 298 -- g| III. t| Ecology and Evolution g| 302 -- g| IV. t| Collecting and Culturing Freshwater Gastropods g| 315 -- g| V. t| Identification of Freshwater Gastropods of North America g| 315 -- g| 11 t| Mollusca: Bivalvia / r| Robert F. McMahon, Arthur E. Bogan -- g| II. t| Anatomy and Physiology g| 333 -- g| III. t| Ecology and Evolution g| 354 -- g| IV. t| Collecting, Preparation for Identification, and Rearing g| 393 -- g| V. t| Identification of the Freshwater Bivalves of North America g| 397 -- g| 12 t| Annelida: Oligochaeta, Including Branchiobdellidae / r| Ralph O. Brinkhurst, Stuart R. Gelder -- t| Oligochaeta -- g| I. t| Introduction to Oligochaeta g| 431 -- g| II. t| Oligochaete Anatomy and Physiology g| 432 -- g| III. t| Ecology and Evolution of Oligochaeta g| 438 -- g| IV. t| Collecting, Rearing, and Preparation of Oligochaetes for Identification g| 444 -- g| V. t| Taxonomic Keys for Oligochaeta g| 446 -- t| Branchiobdellidae -- g| VI. t| Introduction to Branchiobdellidae g| 456 -- g| VII. t| Anatomy and Physiology of Branchiobdellidans g| 456 -- g| VIII. t| Ecology and Evolution g| 458 -- g| IX. t| Identification of Branchiobdellidans g| 459 -- g| 13 t| Annelida: Euhirudinea and Acanthobdellidae / r| Ronald W. Davies, Fredric R. Govedich -- g| I. t| Introduction to Euhirudinea and Acanthobdellidae g| 465 --9 g| II. t| Taxonomic Status and Characteristics g| 466 -- g| III. t| Euhirudinea and Acanthobdellidae g| 468 -- g| IV. t| Ecology g| 474 -- g| V. t| Collection and Rearing g| 486 -- g| VI. t| Identification g| 486 -- g| VII. t| Taxonomic Keys g| 489 -- g| 14 t| Bryozoans / r| Timothy S. Wood -- g| II. t| Anatomy and Physiology g| 505 -- g| III. t| Ecology and Evolution g| 511 -- g| IV. t| Entoprocta g| 515 -- g| V. t| Study Methods g| 516 -- g| VI. t| Taxonomic Key g| 517 -- g| 15 t| Tardigrada / r| Diane R. Nelson -- g| II. t| Anatomy g| 528 -- g| III. t| Physiology (Latent States) g| 535 -- g| IV. t| Reproduction and Development g| 536 -- g| V. t| Ecology g| 539 -- g| VI. t| Techniques for Collection, Extraction, and Microscopy g| 543 -- g| VII. t| Identification g| 544 -- g| 16 t| Water Mites (Hydrachnida) and other Arachnids / r| Ian M. Smith, Bruce P. Smith, David R. Cook -- g| I. t| Introduction to Arachnids g| 551 -- g| II. t| Water Mites (Hydrachnida) g| 552 -- g| III. t| Other Arachnids in Freshwater Habitats g| 651 -- g| 17 t| Diversity and Classification of Insects and Collembola / r| William L. Hilsenhoff -- g| II. t| Aquatic Orders of Insects g| 664 -- g| III. t| Partially Aquatic Orders of Insects g| 681 -- g| IV. t| Semiaquatic Collembola--Springtails g| 699 -- g| V. t| Identification of the Freshwater Insects and Collembola g| 700 -- g| 18 t| Aquatic Insect Ecology / r| Anne E. Hershey, Gary A. Lamberti -- g| II. t| Aquatic Insect Communities g| 733 -- g| III. t| Aquatic Insect Life Histories g| 747 -- g| IV. t| Insect-Mediated Processes g| 751 -- g| V. t| Secondary Production g| 761 -- g| VI. t| Effects of Land Use on Aquatic Insect Communities g| 763 -- g| VII. t| Role of Disturbance g| 765 -- g| VIII. t| Aquatic Insects in Biomonitoring Studies g| 767 -- g| 19 t| Introduction to the Subphylum Crustacea / r| Alan P. Covich, James H. Thorp -- g| II. t| Anatomy and Physiology of Crustacea g| 780 -- g| III. t| Ecology and Evolution of Selected Crustacea g| 787 -- g| IV. t| Collecting, Rearing, and Preparation for Identification g| 798 -- g| V. t| Classification of Peracarida and Brachiura g| 799 -- g| 20 t| Ostracoda / r| L. Denis Delorme -- g| II. t| Anatomy and Physiology g| 812 -- g| III. t| Life History g| 817 -- g| IV. t| Distribution g| 820 -- g| V. t| Chemical Habitat g| 821 -- g| VI. t| Physical Habitat g| 823 -- g| VII. t| Physiological and Morphological Adaptations g| 826 -- g| VIII. t| Behavioral Ecology g| 827 -- g| IX. t| Foraging Relationships g| 827 -- g| X. t| Population Regulation g| 828 -- g| XI. t| Collecting and Rearing Techniques g| 829 -- g| XII. t| Uses of Freshwater Ostracoda g| 831 -- g| XIII. t| Current and Future Research Problems g| 832 -- g| XIV. t| Classification of Freshwater Ostracodes g| 832 -- g| 21 t| Cladocera and other Branchiopoda / r| Stanley I. Dodson, David G. Frey -- t| Cladocera -- g| II. t| Anatomy and Physiology g| 851 -- g| III. t| Distribution g| 860 -- g| IV. t| Behavior g| 862 -- g| V. t| What Cladocerans Eat and What Eats Cladocerans g| 866 -- g| VI. t| Population Regulation g| 867 -- g| VII. t| Functional Role in the Ecosystem g| 868 -- g| VIII. t| Paleolimnology and Molecular Phylogeny g| 868 -- g| IX. t| Toxicology g| 871 -- g| X. t| Current and Future Research g| 873 -- g| XI. t| Collecting and Rearing g| 873 -- g| XII. t| Taxonomic Keys for Cladoceran Genera g| 875 -- t| Other Branchiopods -- g| XIII. t| Anatomy and Physiology of the Other Branchiopods g| 891 -- g| XIV. t| Ecology of the Other Branchiopods g| 893 -- g| XV. t| Current and Future Research Problems g| 899 -- g| XVI. t| Collecting and Rearing Techniques g| 899 -- g| XVII. t| Taxonomic Keys for Non-Cladoceran Genera of Branchiopods g| 899 -- g| 22 t| Copepoda / r| Craig E. Williamson, Janet W. Reid -- g| II. t| Anatomy and Physiology g| 916 -- g| III. t| Ecology and Evolution g| 920 -- g| IV. t| Current and Future Research Problems g| 933 -- g| V. t| Collecting and Rearing Techniques g| 934 -- g| VI. t| Identification Techniques g| 935 -- g| 23 t| Decapoda / r| H. H. Hobbs III -- g| II. t| Anatomy and Physiology g| 955 -- g| III. t| Ecology and Evolution g| 964 -- g| IV. t| Current and Future Research Problems g| 986 -- g| V. t| Collecting and Rearing Techniques g| 989 -- g| VI. t| Identification g| 991.
    596
      
      
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    a| Freshwater invertebrates x| Ecology z| North America.
    650
      
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    a| Freshwater invertebrates z| North America v| Classification.
    700
    1
      
    a| Thorp, James H.
    700
    1
      
    a| Covich, Alan P.
    999
      
      
    a| QL151 .E36 2001 w| LC i| X004523533 l| STACKS m| SCI-ENG t| BOOK
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