Item Details

Zecca: The Mint of Venice in the Middle Ages

Alan M. Stahl
Format
Book
Published
Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the American Numismatic Society, New York, c2000.
Language
English
ISBN
080186383X (alk. paper)
Contents
  • Part I. Venetian Mint and Coinage to 1423
  • 1. Age of the Penny, 800-1200 3
  • Venetian Mint through the Eleventh Century 3
  • Sale of the Mint Land in 1112: A Closing of the Mint? 8
  • Ducal Penny 13
  • 2. Age of the Grosso, c. 1200-1285 16
  • Introduction of the Grosso 16
  • Age of the Grosso: The Thirteenth Century up to 1284 22
  • Reintroduction of the Venetian Penny 24
  • 3. Age of the Ducat, 1285-1330 28
  • Introduction and Establishment of the Ducat 28
  • Reorganization of Minting 33
  • Early Fourteenth Century: A Period of Uneasy Trimetallism 34
  • 4. Age of the Soldino, 1330-1379 41
  • Great Currency Mutation: Reform of the Moneta and the Institution of the Quinto 41
  • Glut of Gold 47
  • Another Try at the Mezzanino 51
  • Plague Years 55
  • Further Debasements: The New Soldino and the Tornesello 60
  • From Midcentury to the Peace of Turin (1381) 63
  • 5. Age of Crisis and Reform, 1379-1423 69
  • Reintroduction of the Grosso 69
  • Postwar Years 70
  • Crises of Clipping and Culling 75
  • Prospects for the New Century 78
  • New Colonial Coinages 81
  • Reform of the Gold Mint 86
  • Reform of the Silver Mint 91
  • Part II. Zecca in the Life of Medieval Venice
  • 6. Setting of Mint Policy 99
  • Legislative Bodies of Medieval Venice and Their Records 102
  • Medieval Legislation Governing the Mint and Bullion 105
  • Politics and Monetary Policy 112
  • 7. Government Control of the Bullion Market 126
  • Sources of Silver and Gold 127
  • Silver Speculation within Venice 131
  • Fondaco dei Tedeschi and the Bullion Trade 133
  • Silver Brokers 134
  • Control of the Gold and Silver Markets in the Thirteenth Century 136
  • Early Fourteenth Century 139
  • Creation of the Silver Office at the Rialto 145
  • Gold Estimators and the Market for Gold in the Fourteenth Century 147
  • Silver Market after 1340 152
  • Silver Officials versus Moneychangers: The de Bora Affair 154
  • Sale of Silver, 1366-1423 157
  • Silver Officials and Coinage Circulation 161
  • 8. Economics of the Zecca 168
  • Economics of the Minting of Silver 168
  • Economics of the Minting of Gold 190
  • Minting Strategies of Medieval Venice 196
  • 9. Circulation of Venetian Coinages 201
  • Venetian Penny, the Denaro Piccolo 202
  • Grosso 207
  • Ducat 212
  • Soldino and Mezzanino 217
  • Tornesello 223
  • 10. Cullers, Clippers, and Counterfeiters 226
  • Part III. Within the Mint
  • 11. Mintmasters 245
  • Responsibilities of the Mintmasters 245
  • Quindena 246
  • Acquisition of Bullion 249
  • Supervision of Manufacture 251
  • Distribution of Newly Minted Coins 254
  • A Case of Innovative Initiative by a Mintmaster 256
  • Controls and Checks on the Masters within the Mint 257
  • Accounts of the Mintmasters 258
  • Number and Election of Masters 261
  • Remuneration of the Mintmasters 264
  • Ill-gotten Gains 269
  • Social and Economic Background of Mintmasters 273
  • Careers of Mintmasters 277
  • 12. Mint Building and Staff 281
  • Mint Building 281
  • Permanent Staff 286
  • 13. Coin Design and Die Engraving 302
  • Legends on the Coins 302
  • Images and Style of the Coins 304
  • Technology of Die Engraving 313
  • Engravers of the Medieval Zecca 315
  • 14. From Bullion to Coin 320
  • Refining of Bullion 321
  • From Ingot to Blank 336
  • Striking the Coins: The Moneyers 344
  • 15. Standards of Medieval Venetian Coins 354
  • Alloys of Venetian Gold and Silver 354
  • Control of Weight Standards 361
  • Standards of the First Soldino and Mezzanino Issues 364
  • 16. Volume of Production at the Venetian Zecca 369
  • Quantity of Production: Overview 369
  • Documentary Sources for Production Numbers 372
  • Numismatic Indices for Production at the Zecca 385
  • Inferences from Find Statistics 390
  • Excavation Finds 391
  • Hoard Finds 396
  • Zecca at the Death of Doge Mocenigo 406
  • Appendix A. Offices Relating to Bullion and the Zecca 407
  • Appendix B. Finds of Medieval Venetian Coins 425.
Description
xv, 497 p. : ill., maps ; 25 cm.
Notes
Includes bibliographical references (p. [465]-480) and index.
Technical Details
  • Access in Virgo Classic

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    g| Part I. t| Venetian Mint and Coinage to g| 1423 -- g| 1. t| Age of the Penny, 800-1200 g| 3 -- t| Venetian Mint through the Eleventh Century g| 3 -- t| Sale of the Mint Land in 1112: A Closing of the Mint? g| 8 -- t| Ducal Penny g| 13 -- g| 2. t| Age of the Grosso, c. 1200-1285 g| 16 -- t| Introduction of the Grosso g| 16 -- t| Age of the Grosso: The Thirteenth Century up to 1284 g| 22 -- t| Reintroduction of the Venetian Penny g| 24 -- g| 3. t| Age of the Ducat, 1285-1330 g| 28 -- t| Introduction and Establishment of the Ducat g| 28 -- t| Reorganization of Minting g| 33 -- t| Early Fourteenth Century: A Period of Uneasy Trimetallism g| 34 -- g| 4. t| Age of the Soldino, 1330-1379 g| 41 -- t| Great Currency Mutation: Reform of the Moneta and the Institution of the Quinto g| 41 -- t| Glut of Gold g| 47 -- t| Another Try at the Mezzanino g| 51 -- t| Plague Years g| 55 -- t| Further Debasements: The New Soldino and the Tornesello g| 60 -- t| From Midcentury to the Peace of Turin (1381) g| 63 -- g| 5. t| Age of Crisis and Reform, 1379-1423 g| 69 -- t| Reintroduction of the Grosso g| 69 -- t| Postwar Years g| 70 -- t| Crises of Clipping and Culling g| 75 -- t| Prospects for the New Century g| 78 -- t| New Colonial Coinages g| 81 -- t| Reform of the Gold Mint g| 86 -- t| Reform of the Silver Mint g| 91 -- g| Part II. t| Zecca in the Life of Medieval Venice -- g| 6. t| Setting of Mint Policy g| 99 -- t| Legislative Bodies of Medieval Venice and Their Records g| 102 -- t| Medieval Legislation Governing the Mint and Bullion g| 105 -- t| Politics and Monetary Policy g| 112 -- g| 7. t| Government Control of the Bullion Market g| 126 -- t| Sources of Silver and Gold g| 127 -- t| Silver Speculation within Venice g| 131 -- t| Fondaco dei Tedeschi and the Bullion Trade g| 133 -- t| Silver Brokers g| 134 -- t| Control of the Gold and Silver Markets in the Thirteenth Century g| 136 -- t| Early Fourteenth Century g| 139 -- t| Creation of the Silver Office at the Rialto g| 145 -- t| Gold Estimators and the Market for Gold in the Fourteenth Century g| 147 -- t| Silver Market after 1340 g| 152 -- t| Silver Officials versus Moneychangers: The de Bora Affair g| 154 -- t| Sale of Silver, 1366-1423 g| 157 -- t| Silver Officials and Coinage Circulation g| 161 -- g| 8. t| Economics of the Zecca g| 168 -- t| Economics of the Minting of Silver g| 168 -- t| Economics of the Minting of Gold g| 190 -- t| Minting Strategies of Medieval Venice g| 196 -- g| 9. t| Circulation of Venetian Coinages g| 201 -- t| Venetian Penny, the Denaro Piccolo g| 202 -- t| Grosso g| 207 -- t| Ducat g| 212 -- t| Soldino and Mezzanino g| 217 -- t| Tornesello g| 223 -- g| 10. t| Cullers, Clippers, and Counterfeiters g| 226 -- g| Part III. t| Within the Mint -- g| 11. t| Mintmasters g| 245 -- t| Responsibilities of the Mintmasters g| 245 -- t| Quindena g| 246 -- t| Acquisition of Bullion g| 249 -- t| Supervision of Manufacture g| 251 -- t| Distribution of Newly Minted Coins g| 254 -- t| A Case of Innovative Initiative by a Mintmaster g| 256 -- t| Controls and Checks on the Masters within the Mint g| 257 -- t| Accounts of the Mintmasters g| 258 -- t| Number and Election of Masters g| 261 -- t| Remuneration of the Mintmasters g| 264 -- t| Ill-gotten Gains g| 269 -- t| Social and Economic Background of Mintmasters g| 273 -- t| Careers of Mintmasters g| 277 -- g| 12. t| Mint Building and Staff g| 281 -- t| Mint Building g| 281 -- t| Permanent Staff g| 286 -- g| 13. t| Coin Design and Die Engraving g| 302 -- t| Legends on the Coins g| 302 -- t| Images and Style of the Coins g| 304 -- t| Technology of Die Engraving g| 313 -- t| Engravers of the Medieval Zecca g| 315 -- g| 14. t| From Bullion to Coin g| 320 -- t| Refining of Bullion g| 321 -- t| From Ingot to Blank g| 336 -- t| Striking the Coins: The Moneyers g| 344 -- g| 15. t| Standards of Medieval Venetian Coins g| 354 -- t| Alloys of Venetian Gold and Silver g| 354 -- t| Control of Weight Standards g| 361 -- t| Standards of the First Soldino and Mezzanino Issues g| 364 -- g| 16. t| Volume of Production at the Venetian Zecca g| 369 -- t| Quantity of Production: Overview g| 369 -- t| Documentary Sources for Production Numbers g| 372 -- t| Numismatic Indices for Production at the Zecca g| 385 -- t| Inferences from Find Statistics g| 390 -- t| Excavation Finds g| 391 -- t| Hoard Finds g| 396 -- t| Zecca at the Death of Doge Mocenigo g| 406 -- g| Appendix A. t| Offices Relating to Bullion and the Zecca g| 407 -- g| Appendix B. t| Finds of Medieval Venetian Coins g| 425.
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    a| Mints z| Italy z| Venice x| History y| To 1500.
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