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Applied Tribology: Bearing Design and Lubrication

Michael M. Khonsari, E. Richard Booser
Format
Book
Published
New York : John Wiley, c2001.
Language
English
ISBN
0471283029 (cloth : alk. paper)
Contents
  • Part I General Considerations 1
  • 1 Tribology--Friction, Wear, and Lubrication 3
  • 1.1 History of Tribology 3
  • Friction 4
  • Wear 4
  • Bearing Materials 4
  • Lubricants 5
  • Fluid-Film Bearings 5
  • Rolling Element Bearings 6
  • Surface Effects and Nanotribology 7
  • 1.2 Tribology Principles 7
  • Dry Sliding 7
  • Fluid-Film Lubrication 8
  • Elastohydroodynamic Lubrication (EHL) 8
  • Boundary Lubrication 11
  • 1.3 Principles for Selection of Bearing Types 11
  • Mechanical Requirements 14
  • Environmental Conditions 16
  • Economics 18
  • 1.4 General Comparison 18
  • 1.5 Modernization of Existing Applications 19
  • 2 Lubricants and Lubrication 22
  • 2.1 Mineral Oils 22
  • 2.2 Synthetic Oils 24
  • 2.3 Viscosity 24
  • Viscosity Classifications 27
  • Viscosity-Temperature Relations 29
  • Viscosity-Pressure Relations 32
  • EHL Pressure-Viscosity Coefficients 34
  • Viscosity-Shear Rate Relations for Non-Newtonian Lubricants 37
  • Viscoelastic Effect 40
  • 2.4 Density and Compressibility 41
  • 2.5 Thermal Properties 43
  • 2.6 Oil Life 43
  • 2.7 Greases 46
  • Oils in Greases 46
  • Thickeners 47
  • Mechanical Properties 48
  • 2.8 Solid Lubricants 50
  • 2.9 Lubricant Supply Methods 52
  • Self-Contained Units 52
  • Circulating Oil Systems 54
  • Centralized Lubrication Systems 58
  • 3 Surface Texture 62
  • 3.1 Geometric Characterization of Surfaces 62
  • 3.2 Surface Parameters 64
  • Amplitude Parameters 64
  • Spacing and Shape Parameters 66
  • Hybrid Parameters 69
  • 3.3 Measurement of Surface Texture 69
  • Contacting Methods 70
  • Noncontacting Methods 72
  • 3.4 Statistical Descriptions 73
  • 3.5 Surface Texture Symbols 74
  • 3.6 Contact Between Surfaces 75
  • Elastic Deformation of Single Asperity 76
  • Asperity Plastic Deformation 77
  • Mean Asperity Contact Pressure and Real Area of Contact 79
  • 3.7 Lubrication Regime Relation to Surface Roughness 80
  • 4 Bearing Materials 84
  • 4.1 Distinctive Selection Factors 84
  • Friction 85
  • Wear 86
  • Compatibility 88
  • Embedability and Conformability 88
  • Strength 90
  • Corrosion Resistance 90
  • Thermal Properties 91
  • 4.2 Oil-Film Bearing Materials 91
  • Babbitts 91
  • Copper Alloys 93
  • Aluminum 95
  • Cast Iron and Steel 96
  • Silver 96
  • Zinc 96
  • 4.3 Dry and Semilubricated Bearing Materials 96
  • Plastics 96
  • Carbon-Graphite 97
  • Rubber 98
  • Wood 98
  • 4.4 High-Temperature Materials 98
  • 4.5 Rolling Bearing Materials 101
  • Part II Fluid-Film Bearings 107
  • 5 Fundamentals of Viscous Flow 109
  • 5.1 General Conservation Laws 109
  • 5.2 Conservation of Mass 110
  • Cartesian Coordinates 110
  • Cylindrical Coordinates 111
  • 5.3 Conservation of Momentum 112
  • Newtonian Fluids 113
  • 5.4 Conservation of Energy 115
  • 5.5 Petroff's Formula 122
  • 5.6 Viscometers 124
  • Capillary Tube Viscometer 124
  • Rotational Viscometers 125
  • 5.7 Nondimensionalization of Flow Equations 128
  • 5.8 Nondimensionalization of the Energy Equation 130
  • 5.9 Order-of-Magnitude Analysis 131
  • Comparison of Inertia Terms and Viscous Terms 132
  • Contribution of Gravity 133
  • Contribution of the Pressure Term 133
  • Comparison of Pressure and Viscous Forces 134
  • 6 Reynolds Equation and Applications 139
  • 6.1 Assumptions and Derivations 139
  • Navier-Stokes Equations 140
  • Boundary Conditions 141
  • Conservation of Mass 142
  • General Reynolds Equation 145
  • Standard Reynolds Equation 147
  • Cylindrical Coordinates 148
  • 6.2 Turbulent Flows 148
  • 6.3 Surface Roughness 149
  • 6.4 Nondimensionalization 152
  • 6.5 Performance Parameters 153
  • 6.6 Limiting Cases and Closed-Form Solutions 155
  • A Simplified Form of Reynolds Equation for Steady Film 157
  • 6.7 Application: Rayleigh-Step Bearing 158
  • 6.89 Numerical Method 161
  • 7 Thrust Bearings 170
  • 7.1 Thrust Bearing Types 171
  • 7.2 Design Factors 174
  • 7.3 Performance Analysis 175
  • 7.4 Tapered-Land Thrust Bearings 176
  • Temperature Rise 179
  • 7.5 Pivoted-Pad Thrust Bearings 183
  • 7.6 Step Thrust Bearings 186
  • 7.7 Spring-Mounted Thrust Bearings 188
  • 7.8 Flat-Land Thrust Bearings 189
  • 7.9 Parasitic Power Losses 191
  • 7.10 Turbulence 193
  • 8 Journal Bearings 198
  • Film Thickness Profile 199
  • 8.2 Full-Arc Plain Journal Bearing With Infinitely Long Approximation (ILA) 203
  • 8.3 Boundary Conditions 205
  • 8.4 Full-Sommerfeld Boundary Condition 205
  • Load-Carrying Capacity Based on Full-Sommerfeld Condition 207
  • 8.5 Definition of the Sommerfeld Number 208
  • 8.6 Half-Sommerfeld Boundary Condition 209
  • 8.7 Cavitation Phenomena 213
  • Gaseous Cavitation 213
  • Vapor Cavitation 214
  • 8.8 Swift-Stieber (Reynolds) Boundary Condition 214
  • 8.9 Infinitely Short Journal Bearing Approximation (ISA) 217
  • 8.10 Full and Half Short Bearing Solutions (ISA) 220
  • 8.11 Bearing Performance Parameters 220
  • Leakage Flow Rate and Friction Coefficient 220
  • 8.12 Finite Journal Bearing Design and Analysis 223
  • Tabulated Dimensionless Performance Parameters 224
  • 8.13 Attitude Angle for Other Bearing Configurations 232
  • 8.14 Lubricant Supply Arrangement 233
  • Supply Hole 233
  • Axial Groove 233
  • Circumferential Groove 234
  • 8.15 Flow Considerations 235
  • Holes or Axial Grooves 235
  • Axial Flow due to Rotation 235
  • Pressure-Induced Flow 236
  • Total Leakage Flow Rate 237
  • Circumferential Groove 244
  • 8.16 Bearing Stiffness, Rotor Vibration, and Oil-Whirl Instability 245
  • 8.17 General Design Guides 249
  • Effective Temperature 249
  • Maximum Bearing Temperature 249
  • Turbulent and Parasitic Loss Effects 250
  • Flooded versus Starved Condition 251
  • Bearing Load and Dimensions 251
  • Eccentricity and Minimum Film Thickness 252
  • Operating Clearance 252
  • Misalignment and Shaft Deflection 253
  • 9 Squeeze-Film Bearings 258
  • 9.2 Governing Equations 260
  • 9.3 Planar Squeeze Film 261
  • Two Parallel Circular Disks 261
  • Shape Variation: Elliptical Disks 263
  • 9.4 Generalization for Planar Squeeze Film 264
  • 9.5 Nonplanar Squeeze Film 268
  • Sphere Approaching a Plate 268
  • Expressions for Several Nonplanar Squeeze-Film Geometries 269
  • 9.6 Squeeze Film of Finite Surfaces 275
  • Finite Planar Squeeze Film 275
  • Squeeze Film of Finite Nonplanar Bodies 279
  • 9.7 Piston Rings 285
  • Friction Force and Power Loss 291
  • 10 Hydrostatic Bearings 298
  • Heavily Loaded Precision Machinery 299
  • Hydrostatic Oil Lifts 300
  • Severe Operating Conditions 300
  • Stadium Mover/Converter 300
  • 10.2 Types and Configurations 300
  • 10.3 Circular Step Thrust Bearings 302
  • Pressure Distribution and Load 302
  • Load-Carrying Capacity 303
  • Flow Rate Requirement 304
  • Bearing Stiffness 304
  • Friction Torque 305
  • System Power Loss 305
  • Power Loss 305
  • Pumping Power Loss 305
  • Optimization 306
  • Thermal Effects and Typical Operating Conditions 306
  • 10.4 Capillary-Compensated Hydrostatic Bearings 308
  • Governing Equations 308
  • Stiffness and Optimization 309
  • 10.5 Orifice-Compensated Bearings 310
  • Stiffness and Optimization 310
  • 10.6 Design Procedure for Compensated Bearings 312
  • 10.7 Generalization to Other Configurations 313
  • Pressure Factor P[subscript f] 313
  • Flow Factor qf 313
  • Power Loss Factor, H[subscript f] 314
  • 10.8 Hydraulic Lift 316
  • 11 Gas Bearings 320
  • 11.1 Equation of State and Viscous Properties 321
  • Equation of State 321
  • Viscous Properties 321
  • 11.2 Reynolds Equation 323
  • Restrictions and Limitation 325
  • Limiting Cases 327
  • 11.3 Closed-Form Solutions 329
  • Infinitely Long Tapered-Step and Slider Bearings 330
  • Infinitely Long Journal Bearings 330
  • 11.4 Finite Thrust Bearings 330
  • Rectangular Thrust Bearings 330
  • Sector-Pad Thrust Bearings 330
  • Design Procedure for Tilting-Pad Thrust Bearings 334
  • 11.5 Finite Journal Bearings 341
  • Steady-State Performance 341
  • Angular Stiffness and Misalignment Torque 343
  • Whirl Instability 344
  • 11.6 Tilting-Pad Journal Bearings 345
  • Steady-State Performance 346
  • 12 Dry and Starved Bearings 355
  • 12.1 Dry and Semilubricated Bearings 355
  • Plastics 356
  • Porous Metal Bearings 358
  • 12.2 Partially Starved Oil-Film Bearings 362
  • Oil-Ring Bearings 363
  • Ring Speed and Oil Delivery 364
  • Disk-Oiled Bearings 368
  • 12.3 Partially Starved Bearing Analysis 369
  • 12.4 Minimal Oil Supply 373
  • Drop-Feed Oiling 375
  • Wick Oiling 375
  • Mist, Air-Oil, and Grease Feed 377
  • 12.5 Temperature of Starved Bearings 379
  • Part III Rolling Element Bearings 383
  • 13 Selecting Bearing Type and Size 385
  • 13.1 Ball Bearing Types 385
  • 13.2 Roller Bearing Types 391
  • 13.3 Thrust Bearing Types 392
  • Bearing Type Code 393
  • Bearing Bore Code 394
  • Bearing Cross Section Code 394
  • Extensions of the Dimensional Plan 395
  • 13.5 Boundary Dimensions 396
  • 13.6 Chamfer Dimensions 396
  • Internal Clearance 399
  • Precision Classifications 401
  • 13.7 Shaft and Housing Fits 401
  • Rotating Inner Ring with a Stationary Load 401
  • Stationary Inner Ring with a Rotating Load 402
  • Indeterminate or Variable Load Direction 402
  • Mounting Tolerances 402
  • 13.8 Load-Life Relations 404
  • Combined Radial and Thrust Load 407
  • Varying Load 409
  • Minimum Load 410
  • 13.9 Adjusted Rating Life 410
  • 13.10 Static Load Capacity 414
  • 14 Principles and Operating Limits 418
  • 14.1 Internal Geometry 418
  • Point and Line Contact 419
  • -- Curvature and Ball Contact Geometry 419
  • Radial (Diametral) Internal Clearance 421
  • Axial Clearance 422
  • Angular Misalignment 422
  • 14.2 Surface Stresses and Deformations 424
  • Ball-Raceway Contacts 424
  • Roller-Raceway Line Contacts 427
  • 14.3 Subsurface Stresses 430
  • 14.4 Load Distribution on Rolling Elements 432
  • Radially Loaded Bearings 433
  • Thrust Loaded Bearings 434
  • Combined Radial and Thrust Loads 434
  • 14.5 Speed of Cage and Rolling Elements 437
  • 14.6 Cage Considerations 439
  • 14.7 Vibration 440
  • Bearing Frequencies 442
  • 14.8 Bearing Elasticity 442
  • 14.9 Noise 445
  • Cage Noise 445
  • 14.10 Speed Limit 447
  • 14.11 Load Limit 449
  • 14.12 Temperature Limit 450
  • 14.13 Misalignment Limit 451
  • 14.14 Failure Analysis 451
  • 15 Friction, Wear, and Lubrication 456
  • 15.1 Friction 456
  • 15.2 Friction Moments 459
  • 15.3 Wear 463
  • 15.4 Bearing Operating Temperature 465
  • 15.5 Rolling Bearing Lubrication 466
  • 15.6 Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication (EHL) of Rolling Contacts 467
  • Line Contact 467
  • Point Contact 468
  • 15.7 Selection of Oil Viscosity 471
  • 15.8 Oil Application 474
  • 15.9 Oil Change Intervals 475
  • 15.10 Grease Selection and Application 476
  • Grease Composition 476
  • 15.11 Grease Life: Temperature and Speed Relations 477
  • 15.12 Greasing and Regreasing 480
  • 15.13 Solid Lubricants 481.
Description
xvi, 496 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Notes
  • "A Wiley-Interscience publication."
  • Includes bibliographical references and index.
Technical Details
  • Access in Virgo Classic
  • Staff View

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    g| Part I t| General Considerations g| 1 -- g| 1 t| Tribology--Friction, Wear, and Lubrication g| 3 -- g| 1.1 t| History of Tribology g| 3 -- t| Friction g| 4 -- t| Wear g| 4 -- t| Bearing Materials g| 4 -- t| Lubricants g| 5 -- t| Fluid-Film Bearings g| 5 -- t| Rolling Element Bearings g| 6 -- t| Surface Effects and Nanotribology g| 7 -- g| 1.2 t| Tribology Principles g| 7 -- t| Dry Sliding g| 7 -- t| Fluid-Film Lubrication g| 8 -- t| Elastohydroodynamic Lubrication (EHL) g| 8 -- t| Boundary Lubrication g| 11 -- g| 1.3 t| Principles for Selection of Bearing Types g| 11 -- t| Mechanical Requirements g| 14 -- t| Environmental Conditions g| 16 -- t| Economics g| 18 -- g| 1.4 t| General Comparison g| 18 -- g| 1.5 t| Modernization of Existing Applications g| 19 -- g| 2 t| Lubricants and Lubrication g| 22 -- g| 2.1 t| Mineral Oils g| 22 -- g| 2.2 t| Synthetic Oils g| 24 -- g| 2.3 t| Viscosity g| 24 -- t| Viscosity Classifications g| 27 -- t| Viscosity-Temperature Relations g| 29 -- t| Viscosity-Pressure Relations g| 32 -- t| EHL Pressure-Viscosity Coefficients g| 34 -- t| Viscosity-Shear Rate Relations for Non-Newtonian Lubricants g| 37 -- t| Viscoelastic Effect g| 40 -- g| 2.4 t| Density and Compressibility g| 41 -- g| 2.5 t| Thermal Properties g| 43 -- g| 2.6 t| Oil Life g| 43 -- g| 2.7 t| Greases g| 46 -- t| Oils in Greases g| 46 -- t| Thickeners g| 47 -- t| Mechanical Properties g| 48 -- g| 2.8 t| Solid Lubricants g| 50 -- g| 2.9 t| Lubricant Supply Methods g| 52 -- t| Self-Contained Units g| 52 -- t| Circulating Oil Systems g| 54 -- t| Centralized Lubrication Systems g| 58 -- g| 3 t| Surface Texture g| 62 -- g| 3.1 t| Geometric Characterization of Surfaces g| 62 -- g| 3.2 t| Surface Parameters g| 64 -- t| Amplitude Parameters g| 64 -- t| Spacing and Shape Parameters g| 66 -- t| Hybrid Parameters g| 69 -- g| 3.3 t| Measurement of Surface Texture g| 69 -- t| Contacting Methods g| 70 -- t| Noncontacting Methods g| 72 -- g| 3.4 t| Statistical Descriptions g| 73 -- g| 3.5 t| Surface Texture Symbols g| 74 -- g| 3.6 t| Contact Between Surfaces g| 75 -- t| Elastic Deformation of Single Asperity g| 76 -- t| Asperity Plastic Deformation g| 77 -- t| Mean Asperity Contact Pressure and Real Area of Contact g| 79 -- g| 3.7 t| Lubrication Regime Relation to Surface Roughness g| 80 -- g| 4 t| Bearing Materials g| 84 -- g| 4.1 t| Distinctive Selection Factors g| 84 -- t| Friction g| 85 -- t| Wear g| 86 -- t| Compatibility g| 88 -- t| Embedability and Conformability g| 88 -- t| Strength g| 90 -- t| Corrosion Resistance g| 90 -- t| Thermal Properties g| 91 -- g| 4.2 t| Oil-Film Bearing Materials g| 91 -- t| Babbitts g| 91 -- t| Copper Alloys g| 93 -- t| Aluminum g| 95 -- t| Cast Iron and Steel g| 96 -- t| Silver g| 96 -- t| Zinc g| 96 -- g| 4.3 t| Dry and Semilubricated Bearing Materials g| 96 -- t| Plastics g| 96 -- t| Carbon-Graphite g| 97 -- t| Rubber g| 98 -- t| Wood g| 98 -- g| 4.4 t| High-Temperature Materials g| 98 -- g| 4.5 t| Rolling Bearing Materials g| 101 -- g| Part II t| Fluid-Film Bearings g| 107 -- g| 5 t| Fundamentals of Viscous Flow g| 109 -- g| 5.1 t| General Conservation Laws g| 109 -- g| 5.2 t| Conservation of Mass g| 110 -- t| Cartesian Coordinates g| 110 -- t| Cylindrical Coordinates g| 111 -- g| 5.3 t| Conservation of Momentum g| 112 -- t| Newtonian Fluids g| 113 -- g| 5.4 t| Conservation of Energy g| 115 -- g| 5.5 t| Petroff's Formula g| 122 -- g| 5.6 t| Viscometers g| 124 -- t| Capillary Tube Viscometer g| 124 -- t| Rotational Viscometers g| 125 -- g| 5.7 t| Nondimensionalization of Flow Equations g| 128 -- g| 5.8 t| Nondimensionalization of the Energy Equation g| 130 -- g| 5.9 t| Order-of-Magnitude Analysis g| 131 -- t| Comparison of Inertia Terms and Viscous Terms g| 132 -- t| Contribution of Gravity g| 133 -- t| Contribution of the Pressure Term g| 133 -- t| Comparison of Pressure and Viscous Forces g| 134 -- g| 6 t| Reynolds Equation and Applications g| 139 -- g| 6.1 t| Assumptions and Derivations g| 139 -- t| Navier-Stokes Equations g| 140 -- t| Boundary Conditions g| 141 -- t| Conservation of Mass g| 142 -- t| General Reynolds Equation g| 145 -- t| Standard Reynolds Equation g| 147 -- t| Cylindrical Coordinates g| 148 -- g| 6.2 t| Turbulent Flows g| 148 -- g| 6.3 t| Surface Roughness g| 149 -- g| 6.4 t| Nondimensionalization g| 152 -- g| 6.5 t| Performance Parameters g| 153 -- g| 6.6 t| Limiting Cases and Closed-Form Solutions g| 155 -- t| A Simplified Form of Reynolds Equation for Steady Film g| 157 -- g| 6.7 t| Application: Rayleigh-Step Bearing g| 158 -- g| 6.89 t| Numerical Method g| 161 -- g| 7 t| Thrust Bearings g| 170 -- g| 7.1 t| Thrust Bearing Types g| 171 -- g| 7.2 t| Design Factors g| 174 -- g| 7.3 t| Performance Analysis g| 175 -- g| 7.4 t| Tapered-Land Thrust Bearings g| 176 -- t| Temperature Rise g| 179 -- g| 7.5 t| Pivoted-Pad Thrust Bearings g| 183 -- g| 7.6 t| Step Thrust Bearings g| 186 -- g| 7.7 t| Spring-Mounted Thrust Bearings g| 188 -- g| 7.8 t| Flat-Land Thrust Bearings g| 189 -- g| 7.9 t| Parasitic Power Losses g| 191 -- g| 7.10 t| Turbulence g| 193 -- g| 8 t| Journal Bearings g| 198 -- t| Film Thickness Profile g| 199 -- g| 8.2 t| Full-Arc Plain Journal Bearing With Infinitely Long Approximation (ILA) g| 203 -- g| 8.3 t| Boundary Conditions g| 205 -- g| 8.4 t| Full-Sommerfeld Boundary Condition g| 205 -- t| Load-Carrying Capacity Based on Full-Sommerfeld Condition g| 207 -- g| 8.5 t| Definition of the Sommerfeld Number g| 208 -- g| 8.6 t| Half-Sommerfeld Boundary Condition g| 209 -- g| 8.7 t| Cavitation Phenomena g| 213 -- t| Gaseous Cavitation g| 213 -- t| Vapor Cavitation g| 214 -- g| 8.8 t| Swift-Stieber (Reynolds) Boundary Condition g| 214 -- g| 8.9 t| Infinitely Short Journal Bearing Approximation (ISA) g| 217 -- g| 8.10 t| Full and Half Short Bearing Solutions (ISA) g| 220 -- g| 8.11 t| Bearing Performance Parameters g| 220 -- t| Leakage Flow Rate and Friction Coefficient g| 220 -- g| 8.12 t| Finite Journal Bearing Design and Analysis g| 223 -- t| Tabulated Dimensionless Performance Parameters g| 224 -- g| 8.13 t| Attitude Angle for Other Bearing Configurations g| 232 -- g| 8.14 t| Lubricant Supply Arrangement g| 233 -- t| Supply Hole g| 233 -- t| Axial Groove g| 233 -- t| Circumferential Groove g| 234 -- g| 8.15 t| Flow Considerations g| 235 -- t| Holes or Axial Grooves g| 235 -- t| Axial Flow due to Rotation g| 235 -- t| Pressure-Induced Flow g| 236 -- t| Total Leakage Flow Rate g| 237 -- t| Circumferential Groove g| 244 -- g| 8.16 t| Bearing Stiffness, Rotor Vibration, and Oil-Whirl Instability g| 245 -- g| 8.17 t| General Design Guides g| 249 -- t| Effective Temperature g| 249 -- t| Maximum Bearing Temperature g| 249 -- t| Turbulent and Parasitic Loss Effects g| 250 -- t| Flooded versus Starved Condition g| 251 -- t| Bearing Load and Dimensions g| 251 -- t| Eccentricity and Minimum Film Thickness g| 252 -- t| Operating Clearance g| 252 -- t| Misalignment and Shaft Deflection g| 253 -- g| 9 t| Squeeze-Film Bearings g| 258 -- g| 9.2 t| Governing Equations g| 260 -- g| 9.3 t| Planar Squeeze Film g| 261 -- t| Two Parallel Circular Disks g| 261 -- t| Shape Variation: Elliptical Disks g| 263 -- g| 9.4 t| Generalization for Planar Squeeze Film g| 264 -- g| 9.5 t| Nonplanar Squeeze Film g| 268 -- t| Sphere Approaching a Plate g| 268 -- t| Expressions for Several Nonplanar Squeeze-Film Geometries g| 269 -- g| 9.6 t| Squeeze Film of Finite Surfaces g| 275 -- t| Finite Planar Squeeze Film g| 275 -- t| Squeeze Film of Finite Nonplanar Bodies g| 279 -- g| 9.7 t| Piston Rings g| 285 -- t| Friction Force and Power Loss g| 291 -- g| 10 t| Hydrostatic Bearings g| 298 -- t| Heavily Loaded Precision Machinery g| 299 -- t| Hydrostatic Oil Lifts g| 300 -- t| Severe Operating Conditions g| 300 -- t| Stadium Mover/Converter g| 300 -- g| 10.2 t| Types and Configurations g| 300 -- g| 10.3 t| Circular Step Thrust Bearings g| 302 -- t| Pressure Distribution and Load g| 302 -- t| Load-Carrying Capacity g| 303 -- t| Flow Rate Requirement g| 304 -- t| Bearing Stiffness g| 304 -- t| Friction Torque g| 305 -- t| System Power Loss g| 305 -- t| Power Loss g| 305 -- t| Pumping Power Loss g| 305 -- t| Optimization g| 306 -- t| Thermal Effects and Typical Operating Conditions g| 306 -- g| 10.4 t| Capillary-Compensated Hydrostatic Bearings g| 308 -- t| Governing Equations g| 308 -- t| Stiffness and Optimization g| 309 -- g| 10.5 t| Orifice-Compensated Bearings g| 310 -- t| Stiffness and Optimization g| 310 -- g| 10.6 t| Design Procedure for Compensated Bearings g| 312 -- g| 10.7 t| Generalization to Other Configurations g| 313 -- t| Pressure Factor P[subscript f] g| 313 -- t| Flow Factor qf g| 313 -- t| Power Loss Factor, H[subscript f] g| 314 -- g| 10.8 t| Hydraulic Lift g| 316 -- g| 11 t| Gas Bearings g| 320 -- g| 11.1 t| Equation of State and Viscous Properties g| 321 -- t| Equation of State g| 321 -- t| Viscous Properties g| 321 -- g| 11.2 t| Reynolds Equation g| 323 -- t| Restrictions and Limitation g| 325 -- t| Limiting Cases g| 327 -- g| 11.3 t| Closed-Form Solutions g| 329 -- t| Infinitely Long Tapered-Step and Slider Bearings g| 330 -- t| Infinitely Long Journal Bearings g| 330 -- g| 11.4 t| Finite Thrust Bearings g| 330 -- t| Rectangular Thrust Bearings g| 330 -- t| Sector-Pad Thrust Bearings g| 330 -- t| Design Procedure for Tilting-Pad Thrust Bearings g| 334 -- g| 11.5 t| Finite Journal Bearings g| 341 -- t| Steady-State Performance g| 341 -- t| Angular Stiffness and Misalignment Torque g| 343 -- t| Whirl Instability g| 344 -- g| 11.6 t| Tilting-Pad Journal Bearings g| 345 -- t| Steady-State Performance g| 346 -- g| 12 t| Dry and Starved Bearings g| 355 -- g| 12.1 t| Dry and Semilubricated Bearings g| 355 -- t| Plastics g| 356 -- t| Porous Metal Bearings g| 358 -- g| 12.2 t| Partially Starved Oil-Film Bearings g| 362 -- t| Oil-Ring Bearings g| 363 -- t| Ring Speed and Oil Delivery g| 364 -- t| Disk-Oiled Bearings g| 368 -- g| 12.3 t| Partially Starved Bearing Analysis g| 369 -- g| 12.4 t| Minimal Oil Supply g| 373 -- t| Drop-Feed Oiling g| 375 -- t| Wick Oiling g| 375 -- t| Mist, Air-Oil, and Grease Feed g| 377 -- g| 12.5 t| Temperature of Starved Bearings g| 379 -- g| Part III t| Rolling Element Bearings g| 383 -- g| 13 t| Selecting Bearing Type and Size g| 385 -- g| 13.1 t| Ball Bearing Types g| 385 -- g| 13.2 t| Roller Bearing Types g| 391 -- g| 13.3 t| Thrust Bearing Types g| 392 -- t| Bearing Type Code g| 393 -- t| Bearing Bore Code g| 394 -- t| Bearing Cross Section Code g| 394 -- t| Extensions of the Dimensional Plan g| 395 -- g| 13.5 t| Boundary Dimensions g| 396 -- g| 13.6 t| Chamfer Dimensions g| 396 -- t| Internal Clearance g| 399 -- t| Precision Classifications g| 401 -- g| 13.7 t| Shaft and Housing Fits g| 401 -- t| Rotating Inner Ring with a Stationary Load g| 401 -- t| Stationary Inner Ring with a Rotating Load g| 402 -- t| Indeterminate or Variable Load Direction g| 402 -- t| Mounting Tolerances g| 402 -- g| 13.8 t| Load-Life Relations g| 404 -- t| Combined Radial and Thrust Load g| 407 -- t| Varying Load g| 409 -- t| Minimum Load g| 410 -- g| 13.9 t| Adjusted Rating Life g| 410 -- g| 13.10 t| Static Load Capacity g| 414 -- g| 14 t| Principles and Operating Limits g| 418 -- g| 14.1 t| Internal Geometry g| 418 -- t| Point and Line Contact g| 419 --
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    8
    0
    t| Curvature and Ball Contact Geometry g| 419 -- t| Radial (Diametral) Internal Clearance g| 421 -- t| Axial Clearance g| 422 -- t| Angular Misalignment g| 422 -- g| 14.2 t| Surface Stresses and Deformations g| 424 -- t| Ball-Raceway Contacts g| 424 -- t| Roller-Raceway Line Contacts g| 427 -- g| 14.3 t| Subsurface Stresses g| 430 -- g| 14.4 t| Load Distribution on Rolling Elements g| 432 -- t| Radially Loaded Bearings g| 433 -- t| Thrust Loaded Bearings g| 434 -- t| Combined Radial and Thrust Loads g| 434 -- g| 14.5 t| Speed of Cage and Rolling Elements g| 437 -- g| 14.6 t| Cage Considerations g| 439 -- g| 14.7 t| Vibration g| 440 -- t| Bearing Frequencies g| 442 -- g| 14.8 t| Bearing Elasticity g| 442 -- g| 14.9 t| Noise g| 445 -- t| Cage Noise g| 445 -- g| 14.10 t| Speed Limit g| 447 -- g| 14.11 t| Load Limit g| 449 -- g| 14.12 t| Temperature Limit g| 450 -- g| 14.13 t| Misalignment Limit g| 451 -- g| 14.14 t| Failure Analysis g| 451 -- g| 15 t| Friction, Wear, and Lubrication g| 456 -- g| 15.1 t| Friction g| 456 -- g| 15.2 t| Friction Moments g| 459 -- g| 15.3 t| Wear g| 463 -- g| 15.4 t| Bearing Operating Temperature g| 465 -- g| 15.5 t| Rolling Bearing Lubrication g| 466 -- g| 15.6 t| Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication (EHL) of Rolling Contacts g| 467 -- t| Line Contact g| 467 -- t| Point Contact g| 468 -- g| 15.7 t| Selection of Oil Viscosity g| 471 -- g| 15.8 t| Oil Application g| 474 -- g| 15.9 t| Oil Change Intervals g| 475 -- g| 15.10 t| Grease Selection and Application g| 476 -- t| Grease Composition g| 476 -- g| 15.11 t| Grease Life: Temperature and Speed Relations g| 477 -- g| 15.12 t| Greasing and Regreasing g| 480 -- g| 15.13 t| Solid Lubricants g| 481.
    596
      
      
    a| 5
    650
      
    0
    a| Tribology.
    650
      
    0
    a| Bearings (Machinery) x| Design and construction.
    700
    1
      
    a| Booser, E. Richard.
    999
      
      
    a| TJ1075 .K46 2001 w| LC i| X004479796 k| CHECKEDOUT l| STACKS m| SCI-ENG t| BOOK
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