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(Dis)placing Out: Identity and Orphan Train Adoption 1857-1929

Coombs, Mary Kristen Taylor
Format
Thesis/Dissertation; Online
Author
Coombs, Mary Kristen Taylor
Advisor
Howard, Alan
Abstract
From 1857 to 1929, more than 200,000 orphaned or surrendered children from New York were placed out--put on trains and sent to towns, often Midwestern to be “adopted.” The best known of the orphan-shipping agencies is the Children’s Aid Society of New York, which was then headed by bestselling author Reverend Charles Loring Brace, the most visible social reformer in this eugenics experiments. Brace’s methods perfected the commodification of children, collecting orphans from other orphanages (deemed adoptable), replacing their pasts with new clothes and names, sending them on trains, and auctioning off their potential labor in exchange for room and board with adoptive families. This site is an exploration of identity and agency in this displacement practice through a series of visual/textual juxtapositions, navigated by the numbered sections.
Language
English
Published
University of Virginia, Department of English, MA (Master of Arts), 2004
Published Date
2004-08
Degree
MA (Master of Arts)
Notes
Originally published on the XRoads site for the UVA American Studies program. Years range from 1995-2005. Content is captured at the level of functionality available on the date of capture.
Collection
Libra ETD Repository
Related Resources
http://wayback.archive-it.org/5005/20141106173654/http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA04/taylor/orphan_train/displacedout.html
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