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The Chongqing Model: Promoting People-Oriented Development T of Achieve a Harmonious Society

Lenz, Brandon David
Thesis/Dissertation; Online
Lenz, Brandon David
During this past decade, from 2000 through 2011, China has continued to grow at a rapid rate, although that growth is not universal. Certain regions, such as China's southwest and western, are lagging behind other more developed, often coastal areas; the urban - rural divide seems to have worsened as the cities have become repositories for wealth, while the countryside's quality of life has remained mostly stagnant with only moderate economic development. Widespread inequality and inequity are responsible for much of the expanding social unrest that threatens the stability of the country and thus the Communist Party of China. Bo Xilai (%,[§lj<§l€), a charismatic and popular figure in Chinese politics, was the Party Secretary for the Chongqing Municipality who claimed to be able to resolve these issues. His solution is referred to as the "Chongqing Model" and it adheres to people - oriented development, which incorporates contemporary governmental policies requiring emphasis on putting people first and sustaining economic development for the purpose of achieving stability and the long - term objective of a "harmonious society" ($l1if§?j:% hexie shehui). This pa per will endeavor to understand and explain the Chongqing Model through the use ofChinese domestic news reports, official speeches and directives by Party members and the 17"‘ National Congress, and the views ofChina specialists. The model's importance resides in its ability to not only resolve Chongqing's social and economic dilemmas, but also its potential adoption and application nationwide. This raises numerous questions regarding the model's level of success in Chongqing at improving living standards, developing the economy, and attaining social stability. In spite of the Chongqing Model's apparent achievements, certain aspects such as the red song campaigns evoke controversial opinions and mixed memories ofa darker time in Chinese history known as the Cultural Revolution. Manyjournalists and scholars even believe that these songs, in addition to questionable anti - crime tactics, were responsible for Bo Xilai's "retirement" from the Party shortly before the February through March 2012 scandal. Therefore it is imperative to investigate and recognize the different characteristics that make up the Chongqing Model to arrive at a more informed conclusion on whether or not the model has been successful and if it will be abandoned. Note: Abstract extracted from PDF file via OCR
University of Virginia, Department of East Asian Languages, Literatures, and Cultures, MA, 2012
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