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A Search in the Two-Photon Final State for Evidence of New Production in Pp Collisions ----

Yohay, Rachel Paula
Format
Thesis/Dissertation; Online
Author
Yohay, Rachel Paula
Advisor
Cox, Brad
Hirosky, Bob
Neu, Chris
Ledovskoy, Sasha
Abstract
This thesis presents a search for evidence of new particle production in the twophoton + jets + missing transverse energy final state using the 2011 Large Hadron Collider proton-proton data, at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, collected by the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment. The distinctive signature of two photons, jets, and a momentum imbalance in the plane transverse to the proton beam direction is chiefly motivated by the theory of supersymmetry, which may provide a solution to thehierarchyprobleminparticlephysics.Theinstrumentalbackgroundfromordinary quantum chromodynamics and W → eν production dominates the total background estimate, and is measured from the data. This background estimate, as well as the high efficiency (∼ 80%) to select and identify two high-energy photons in the data, relies on the superior energy resolution of the lead tungstate crystal electromagnetic calorimeter of the Compact Muon Solenoid. Signal efficiencies for gauge-mediated supersymmetric models, ranging from a few percent to approximately 25%, are taken from Monte Carlo simulation. No evidence of new particles is found in a dataset corresponding to 4.7 fb −1 of integrated luminosity. Upper limits between 5 and 15 fb on the cross sections of various new physics models are set at the 95onfidence level. The upper limits measured in this search are the most stringent to date for gauge-mediated models of supersymmetry. Note: Abstract extracted from PDF text
Language
English
Published
University of Virginia, Department of Physics, PHD (Doctor of Philosophy), 2012
Published Date
2012-08-01
Degree
PHD (Doctor of Philosophy)
Collection
Libra ETD Repository
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