Item Details

Print View

The Sensitivity and Specificity of Clinical Measures of Sport Concussion: Three Tests Are Better Than One

Resch, Jacob
Format
Article
Author
Resch, Jacob
Abstract
Context: A battery of clinical measures of neurocognition, balance and symptoms has been recommended for the management of sport concussion (SC) but is based on variable evidence. Objective: To examine the sensitivity and specificity of a battery of tests to assess SC in college athletes. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Research laboratory. Patients or other participants: Division 1 athletes diagnosed with a SC (n=40) who were 20.2±1.60 years of age and 180.5±11.12 cm tall and healthy athletes (n=40) who were 19.0±0.93 years of age and 179.1±11.39 cm tall were enrolled. Intervention(s): Participants were administered Immediate Postconcussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT), the Sensory Organization Test (SOT) and the Revised Head Injury Scale (HIS-r) prior to and up to 24 h following injury between the 2004 and 2014 sport seasons. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated using predictive discriminant analyses (PDA) and clinical interpretation guidelines. Main outcome measures: Outcome measures included baseline and post injury ImPACT, SOT and HIS-r composite scores. Results: Using PDA, each clinical measure’s sensitivity ranged from 55.0% to 77.5% and specificity ranged from 52.5% to 100%. The test battery possessed a sensitivity and specificity of 80.0% and 100%, respectively. Using clinical interpretation guidelines, sensitivity ranged from 55% to 97.5% individually, and 100% when combined. Conclusions: Our results support a multidimensional approach to assess SC in college athletes which correctly identified 80–100% of concussed participants as injured. When each test was evaluated separately, up to 47.5% of our sample was misclassified. Caution is warranted when using singular measures to manage SC.
Language
English
Date Received
2017-07-06
Published
British Medical Journal, March 20, 2016
Published Date
March 20, 2016
Sponsoring Agency
University of Virginia Open Access Fund
Collection
Libra Open Repository
Related Resources
http://bmjopensem.bmj.com/content/bmjosem/2/1/e000012.full.pdf
Creative Commons Attribution, Non-commercial LicenseCreative Commons Attribution, Non-commercial License
▾See more
▴See less

Availability

Read Online