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The State of Consumptive Water Use Accounting and Impact Assessment

Ingram, Spencer Meriwether
Format
Thesis/Dissertation; Online
Author
Ingram, Spencer Meriwether
Advisor
Scanlon, Todd
Reidenbach, Matt
Macko, Stephen
Abstract
Transportation innovations in the early 19th century and inter-continental price convergences affecting domestic markets and resulting in political protections marked the unprecedented beginning of globalization (O'Rourke, 2000). As a consequence, pollution, environmental degradation, and economic and social disparities are no longer geographically independent. Water use involves complex political, economical and social issues that will need to be addressed as increased demand and environmental change increases water scarcity and quality world-wide. Water Footprinting emerged in the past decade as an accounting system for consumptive water use. However, it is unclear how volumetric reporting provides a comparative tool for decision making that promotes the transition towards sustainable, fair and efficient use of fresh water resources globally. Although water use and the subsequent impacts may be regional or catchment specific, I will argue that consumption impacts are actually a global phenomenon that requires a universally comparable utility for efficient management to protect the economic, social and environmental interests of the global community. This paper investigates the state of water footprinting as a candidate for consumptive water use management strategy and then introduces life cycle assessment as a model utility for impact assessment. Note: Abstract extracted from PDF text
Language
English
Published
University of Virginia, Department of Environmental Sciences, MA (Master of Arts), 2010
Published Date
2010-08-01
Degree
MA (Master of Arts)
Collection
Libra ETD Repository
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