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Dover Castle: The Key to England

Kanopy (Firm)
Format
Video; Streaming Video; Online
Summary
Dover Castle in Kent is one of the largest and strongest castles in Britain, dominating the shortest passage from the continent of Europe to England. The clifftop site has been fortified for two thousand years: the medieval castle follows the outline of an Iron Age hill fort. The keep is the strongest of its time. It was built both as a residence for the king and as a stronghold. This was the first castle to make great use of wall towers, projecting in front of and above the walls. A large range of residential buildings which included a great chamber and hall for the king were built within inner walls around the keep. After the French laid siege to the castle in 1216 and undermined one of the towers, further changes were made to strengthen the defences. Major alterations were made later when the castle was adapted to the needs of heavy guns during the Napoleonic wars. The look of the castle was changed by cutting down the towers to make gun platforms and to clear the line of fire from the keep. Later changes came when the castle became part of the wider artillery fortifications of Dover harbor. It continued to be modernized through the two world wars, and was in the front line of the Dunkirk evacuation. Credits Central Office of Information English Heritage
Release Date
2000
Language
In English
Notes
  • Title from title frames.
  • In Process Record.
Published
[San Francisco, California, USA] : Kanopy Streaming, 2015.
Recording Info
Originally produced by The Roland Collection in 2000.
Publisher no.
1058774 Kanopy
Related Resources
Cover Image
Description
1 online resource (streaming video file)
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Technical Details
  • Staff View

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    a| Dover Castle in Kent is one of the largest and strongest castles in Britain, dominating the shortest passage from the continent of Europe to England. The clifftop site has been fortified for two thousand years: the medieval castle follows the outline of an Iron Age hill fort. The keep is the strongest of its time. It was built both as a residence for the king and as a stronghold. This was the first castle to make great use of wall towers, projecting in front of and above the walls. A large range of residential buildings which included a great chamber and hall for the king were built within inner walls around the keep. After the French laid siege to the castle in 1216 and undermined one of the towers, further changes were made to strengthen the defences. Major alterations were made later when the castle was adapted to the needs of heavy guns during the Napoleonic wars. The look of the castle was changed by cutting down the towers to make gun platforms and to clear the line of fire from the keep. Later changes came when the castle became part of the wider artillery fortifications of Dover harbor. It continued to be modernized through the two world wars, and was in the front line of the Dunkirk evacuation. Credits Central Office of Information English Heritage
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