Item Details

More Than a Feeling: How Affective Forecasts and Threat Breadth Contribute to Self-Affirmation Effects

Eggleston, Casey
Format
Thesis/Dissertation; Online
Author
Eggleston, Casey
Advisor
Wilson, Timothy
Abstract
This dissertation examines the relationship between self-affirmation interventions and two previously-unexplored factors: affective forecasts and threat breadth. I hypothesize that, in general, affirmed individuals will make more moderate (less catastrophic) affective forecasts about self-threats compared to non-affirmed people. I also predict an interaction with threat breadth, such that affirmed participants who perceive a narrow threat will show traditional affirmation effects while affirmed participants who perceive a broad threat will demonstrate undesirable “backfiring” effects, such as providing more extreme affective forecasts, being more defensive, and underperforming compared to control participants. Study 1 begins to explore the link between affirmation and affective forecasting, while Studies 2 through 4 examine the interactive effects of affirmation and threat breadth on various outcomes including affective forecasting (all studies), reactions to threatening information (Study 3), and performance on a difficult creativity test (Study 4). In each of the reported studies, I find evidence for threat breadth as a moderator of affirmation’s effects, with broad threats producing a backfiring effect, while the relationship between affirmation and affective forecasting appears to be less straightforward.
Language
English
Date Received
20141126
Published
University of Virginia, Department of Psychology, PHD (Doctor of Philosophy), 2014
Published Date
2014-11-25
Degree
PHD (Doctor of Philosophy)
Collection
Libra ETD Repository
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