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Why Affiliate? Independent Candidates in Emerging Democracies: The Case of Afghanistan Since 2001

Omar, Marina
Format
Thesis/Dissertation; Online
Author
Omar, Marina
Advisor
Waldner, David
Quandt, William B
Mershon, Carol
Barnett, Richard
Echeverri-Gent, John
Abstract
Why do some party leaders participate under their party label while others forego party affiliation? This dissertation uses new micro-level evidence to address the variation in affiliation decisions of party leaders. It advances our understanding of the prevalence of non-party candidates in emerging democracies by addressing, in a unified framework, preference for non-affiliation and capacity to participate in elections without the financial, organizational, and ideological support of political parties. I contend that office seekers will forego party affiliation if: a) their political party is associated with negative legacies of the previous authoritarian regime, and b) they can use more electorally appealing means to gather electoral support. The first condition shapes office seekers’ preference to forego party affiliation, and the second condition determines their capacity to run a campaign without the organizational, financial, and ideological support of a political party. I find that office seekers form multi-ethnic pre-electoral alliances as substitutes to political parties to mobilize electoral support during elections.
Language
English
Published
University of Virginia, Department of Politics, PHD (Doctor of Philosophy), 2016
Published Date
2016-11-30
Degree
PHD (Doctor of Philosophy)
Collection
Libra ETD Repository
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