Item Details

Financial Account From the Balance of Payments/International Investment Position (World and Regional Aggregates) Database Shown in US $ [electronic resource]

Data Planet: A SAGE Publishing Resource
Format
Computer Resource; Online; Dataset
Published
Thousand Oaks, CA : SAGE Publications, Inc., 2019
Language
English
Summary
The financial account records transactions that involve financial assets and liabilities and that take place between residents and nonresidents, as reported by International Monetary Fund member countries. Statistics describe an a regional economy’s International Investment Position and include direct investment, portfolio investment, financial derivatives (other than reserves) and employee stock options, other investment, reserve assets, changes in assets/liabilities, and net lending/net borrowing. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Portfolio investment is defined as cross-border transactions and positions involving debt or equity securities, other than those included in direct investment or reserve assets. A financial derivative contract is a financial instrument that is linked to another specific financial instrument or indicator or commodity and through which specific financial risks (eg, interest rate risk, foreign exchange risk, equity and commodity price risks, credit risk, etc) can be traded in their own right in financial markets. This category relates to risk transfer, rather than supply of funds or other resources. Other investment is a residual category that includes positions and transactions other than those included in direct investment, portfolio investment, financial derivatives and employee stock options, and reserve assets. Reserve assets are defined as those external assets that are readily available to and controlled by monetary authorities for meeting balance of payments financing needs, intervention in exchange markets to affect the currency exchange rate, and other related purposes (eg, maintaining confidence in the currency and the economy, and serving as a basis for foreign borrowing). Reserve assets must be foreign currency assets and assets that actually exist. Net lending means that, in net terms, the economy supplies funds to the rest of the world, taking into account acquisition and disposal of financial assets and incurrence and repayment of liabilities. (Net borrowing means the opposite.) The Balance of Payments/International Investment Position (BOP/IIP) database, published by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), contains annual major components of the BOP and IIP for the world and 11 regional aggregates. The BOP summarizes the economic transactions between residents of economies in a region and nonresidents. It reports transactions in goods and services, primary income account, the secondary income account, the capital account, and the financial account. The different accounts within the BOP are distinguished according to the nature of the economic resources provided and received. The International Investment Position (IIP) is a statistical statement that shows at a point in time the value of financial assets of residents of an economy that are claims on nonresidents or are gold bullions held as reserve assets; and the liabilities of residents of an economy to nonresidents. The difference between the assets and liabilities is the net position in the IIP and represents either a net claim or a net liability to the rest of the world. The IIP represents a subset of the assets and liabilities included in the national balance sheet. In addition to the IIP, the national balance sheet incorporates nonfinancial assets as well as financial assets and liability positions between residents. The BOP/IIP data are presented in accordance with the standard components of the sixth edition of the IMF Balance of Payments Manual (BPM6 [2009]). Similarly, international investment position (IIP) data also are presented in the BPM6 format. Conversion to United States dollars is performed on the basis of average US dollar/national currency exchange rates for BOP data and on end-of-period exchange rates for IIP data.
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Technical Details

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    a| Financial Account from the Balance of Payments/International Investment Position (World and Regional Aggregates) database shown in US $ c| Data Planet: A SAGE Publishing Resource h| Data Planet Statistical Datasets [electronic resource]
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    a| The financial account records transactions that involve financial assets and liabilities and that take place between residents and nonresidents, as reported by International Monetary Fund member countries. Statistics describe an a regional economy’s International Investment Position and include direct investment, portfolio investment, financial derivatives (other than reserves) and employee stock options, other investment, reserve assets, changes in assets/liabilities, and net lending/net borrowing. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Portfolio investment is defined as cross-border transactions and positions involving debt or equity securities, other than those included in direct investment or reserve assets. A financial derivative contract is a financial instrument that is linked to another specific financial instrument or indicator or commodity and through which specific financial risks (eg, interest rate risk, foreign exchange risk, equity and commodity price risks, credit risk, etc) can be traded in their own right in financial markets. This category relates to risk transfer, rather than supply of funds or other resources. Other investment is a residual category that includes positions and transactions other than those included in direct investment, portfolio investment, financial derivatives and employee stock options, and reserve assets. Reserve assets are defined as those external assets that are readily available to and controlled by monetary authorities for meeting balance of payments financing needs, intervention in exchange markets to affect the currency exchange rate, and other related purposes (eg, maintaining confidence in the currency and the economy, and serving as a basis for foreign borrowing). Reserve assets must be foreign currency assets and assets that actually exist. Net lending means that, in net terms, the economy supplies funds to the rest of the world, taking into account acquisition and disposal of financial assets and incurrence and repayment of liabilities. (Net borrowing means the opposite.) The Balance of Payments/International Investment Position (BOP/IIP) database, published by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), contains annual major components of the BOP and IIP for the world and 11 regional aggregates. The BOP summarizes the economic transactions between residents of economies in a region and nonresidents. It reports transactions in goods and services, primary income account, the secondary income account, the capital account, and the financial account. The different accounts within the BOP are distinguished according to the nature of the economic resources provided and received. The International Investment Position (IIP) is a statistical statement that shows at a point in time the value of financial assets of residents of an economy that are claims on nonresidents or are gold bullions held as reserve assets; and the liabilities of residents of an economy to nonresidents. The difference between the assets and liabilities is the net position in the IIP and represents either a net claim or a net liability to the rest of the world. The IIP represents a subset of the assets and liabilities included in the national balance sheet. In addition to the IIP, the national balance sheet incorporates nonfinancial assets as well as financial assets and liability positions between residents. The BOP/IIP data are presented in accordance with the standard components of the sixth edition of the IMF Balance of Payments Manual (BPM6 [2009]). Similarly, international investment position (IIP) data also are presented in the BPM6 format. Conversion to United States dollars is performed on the basis of average US dollar/national currency exchange rates for BOP data and on end-of-period exchange rates for IIP data.
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    a| Description based on online resource (viewed at point of update)
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    a| Assets
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    a| Balance of Payments
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    a| Finance
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    a| International Investment
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    a| Liabilities
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    a| International
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    a| All Countries
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