Item Details

Outward Debt Instruments Assets Positions (Gross) of di in DIE From the Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Database Shown in US Dollars [electronic resource]

Data Planet: A SAGE Publishing Resource
Format
Computer Resource; Online; Dataset
Published
Thousand Oaks, CA : SAGE Publications, Inc., 2019
Language
English
Summary
A direct investment enterprise (DIE) may acquire financial claims in its direct investor (DI). When such claims are not sufficient to establish a second, separate direct investment (ie, do not qualify for the 10% ownership of voting power), the transactions/positions are referred to as reverse investment. Here, these claims or debts of the DI are reported as assets of the DIE for outward investment. Debt instruments are those instruments that require the payment of principal and/or interest at some point (s) in the future. Debt instruments consist of SDR (special drawing rights), currency and deposits, debt securities, loans, insurance technical reserves, pension and related entitlements, provision for calls under standardized guarantees, and other accounts receivable/payable. The term debt instrument is applicable to both the liability and the corresponding claim. The Coordinated Direct Investment Survey (CDIS) provides direct investment position statistics in the international investment position (IIP) and the availability of these statistics by immediate counterpart economies. The CDIS supports the objective of developing from-whom-to-whom cross-border data, complementing the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CPIS), and contributes to a better understanding of financial interconnectedness. Direct investment arises when a unit resident in one economy makes an investment that gives control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. This concept is operationalized where a direct investor (DI) owns equity that entitles it to 10 percent or more of the voting power in the direct investment enterprise (DIENT) (which is usually equal to ownership of ordinary shares). Once that threshold has been reached, the units involved are said to be in a direct investment relationship, and the equity and debt instrument positions between the DI and the DIENT, and between all DIENTs of the same DI, are included in direct investment, except for debt between selected affiliated financial corporations Included in direct investment are units that are under the control or influence of the same immediate or indirect investor, but do not have control or significant influence over one another. These units are known as “fellow enterprises.” Data in the CDIS are recorded by economy based on the location of the immediate counterpart economy relative to a direct investment position.
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Technical Details

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    a| A direct investment enterprise (DIE) may acquire financial claims in its direct investor (DI). When such claims are not sufficient to establish a second, separate direct investment (ie, do not qualify for the 10% ownership of voting power), the transactions/positions are referred to as reverse investment. Here, these claims or debts of the DI are reported as assets of the DIE for outward investment. Debt instruments are those instruments that require the payment of principal and/or interest at some point (s) in the future. Debt instruments consist of SDR (special drawing rights), currency and deposits, debt securities, loans, insurance technical reserves, pension and related entitlements, provision for calls under standardized guarantees, and other accounts receivable/payable. The term debt instrument is applicable to both the liability and the corresponding claim. The Coordinated Direct Investment Survey (CDIS) provides direct investment position statistics in the international investment position (IIP) and the availability of these statistics by immediate counterpart economies. The CDIS supports the objective of developing from-whom-to-whom cross-border data, complementing the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CPIS), and contributes to a better understanding of financial interconnectedness. Direct investment arises when a unit resident in one economy makes an investment that gives control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. This concept is operationalized where a direct investor (DI) owns equity that entitles it to 10 percent or more of the voting power in the direct investment enterprise (DIENT) (which is usually equal to ownership of ordinary shares). Once that threshold has been reached, the units involved are said to be in a direct investment relationship, and the equity and debt instrument positions between the DI and the DIENT, and between all DIENTs of the same DI, are included in direct investment, except for debt between selected affiliated financial corporations Included in direct investment are units that are under the control or influence of the same immediate or indirect investor, but do not have control or significant influence over one another. These units are known as “fellow enterprises.” Data in the CDIS are recorded by economy based on the location of the immediate counterpart economy relative to a direct investment position.
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