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Nosek et Al. (2009): National Differences in Gender-Science Stereotypes Predict National Sex Differences in Science and Math Achievement

Brian Nosek, Fred Smyth + 23 Co-Authors
Computer Resource; Online; Dataset
Brian Nosek, Fred Smyth + 23 Co-Authors
Fred Smyth
About 70% of more than half a million Implicit Association Tests (IATs) completed by citizens of 34 countries revealed expected implicit stereotypes associating science with male more than with female. We discovered that nation-level implicit stereotype predicted nation-level sex differences in 8th-grade science and mathematics achievement. Self-reported stereotypes did not provide additional predictive validity of the achievement gap. We suggest that implicit stereotypes and sex differences in science participation and performance are mutually reinforcing, contributing to the persistent gender gap in science engagement.
Date Received
Fred Smyth, University of Virginia, 2009
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