Item Details

Intimate Partner Violence and Failure to Thrive in Children Less Than Two Years of Age

Kimeto, Pamela
Format
Thesis/Dissertation; Online
Author
Kimeto, Pamela
Advisor
Laughon, Kathryn
Abstract
Abstract Background: An increasing body of evidence shows links between women’s Intimate Partner Violence victimization (IPV) and poor child health outcomes. Few studies in the U.S have examined the relationship between IPV and its impact on the physical growth of children less than two years of age. Identifying growth failures in children exposed to violence and managing them promptly is crucial during this age because any growth deviation from the normal may pose a risk of permanent mental, emotional or physical delays. Methods: This retrospective longitudinal cohort study utilized existing data Nursing Smoking Cessation Intervention during pregnancy (Baby BEEP) and Nursing support Better infant outcomes in violent homes (BBK) to assess for growth in children whose mothers were exposed to violence prenatally and those not exposed. Results: No significant difference was seen in weight and height of children exposed to violence and those not exposed. There was also no difference in maternal characteristics such as age, parity, relationship status, ethnicity, prenatal depression status, postnatal violence and depression in those exposed to violence and those not exposed. Depression in the mother whether during pregnancy, after birth or both was associated with greater weight gain in infants, regardless of abuse status. Children perceived to be difficult by their parents and exposed to prenatal violence did have lower weight gain than their counterparts. Overall maternal exposure to pre and postnatal depression, breastfeeding status and being a second child affected boys more than it did girls in relation to weight gain Conclusion: Findings from this study make an important contribution to the literature on the impact of IPV on child growth for low-income rural women who are smokers in the United States. Although some of the findings were not statistically significant, there are interesting trends that can guide future studies. There is a need to conduct longitudinal studies in more diverse samples to better understand the true impact of IPV on children’s growth in the United States.
Language
English
Date Received
20160429
Published
University of Virginia, School of Nursing, PHD (Doctor of Philosophy), 2016
Published Date
2016-04-15
Degree
PHD (Doctor of Philosophy)
Collection
Libra ETD Repository
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