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Computing Interests of Early Adolescents: Gender, Attitudes, Self-Efficacy, and Outcome Expectations

Wu, Zhen
Format
Thesis/Dissertation; Online
Author
Wu, Zhen
Advisor
Shoffner, Marie
Abstract
This study assessed fifth and seventh grade students' level of computing interest based on Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT; Lent, Brown, Hackett, 1994, 2000) by examining computer self-efficacy, computing outcome expectations, and four aspects of computer attitudes (computer affective attitude, computer behavioral attitude, computer cognitive attitude, and perceived computer control). The results revealed that the modified SCCT model was useful in explaining fifth and seventh grade students' computing interests and the model was invariant across gender. Girls had lower levels of computing interest than boys by the seventh grade. This gender difference was related to the less positive computer attitudes of girls compared to boys. These findings suggest that, in order to attract early adolescents to the computing field, interventions geared toward computer self-efficacy, computing outcome expectations, and computer attitudes, especially affective and behavioral attitudes, should be introduced before the sixth grade. Note: Abstract extracted from PDF text
Language
English
Published
University of Virginia, Curry School of Education, PHD, 2009
Published Date
2009-12-01
Degree
PHD
Collection
Libra ETD Repository
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