Item Details

Print View

An Institutionalization Effect [electronic resource]: The Impact of Mental Hospitalization and Imprisonment on Homicide in the United States, 1934 - 2001

Bernard Harcourt
Format
Computer Resource; Online
Published
Ann Arbor, Mich. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor] 2014
Edition
2014-05-14
Series
ICPSR
ICPSR (Series)
Access Restriction
AVAILABLE. This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions.
Abstract
This data set explored the effect of imprisonment on violent crime rates prior to 1991. Previous research focused exclusively on rates of imprisonment, rather than using a measure that combines institutionalization in both prisons and mental hospitals. Using state-level panel-data regressions over the 68-year period from 1934 to 2001 and controlling for economic conditions, youth population rates, criminal justice enforcement, and demographic factors, this study found a large, robust, and statistically significant relationship between aggregated institutionalization (in mental hospitals and prisons) and homicide rates. This finding provided strong evidence of what should now be called an institutionalization effect -- rather than an imprisonment or incapacitation effect. Demographic information collected include national unemployment rates and institutional race and age composition.Cf: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34986.v1
Contents
  • State Level Data
  • National Data
Description
Mode of access: Intranet.
Notes
Title from ICPSR DDI metadata of 2016-02-11.
Series Statement
ICPSR 34986
ICPSR (Series) 34986
Other Forms
Also available as downloadable files.
Copyright Not EvaluatedCopyright Not Evaluated
Technical Details
  • Staff View

    LEADER 02837cmm a2200481la 4500
    001 ICPSR34986
    003 MiAaI
    006 m f a u
    007 cr mn mmmmuuuu
    008 160211s2014 miu f a eng d
    035
      
      
    a| (MiAaI)ICPSR34986
    040
      
      
    a| MiAaI c| MiAaI
    245
    0
    3
    a| An Institutionalization Effect h| [electronic resource] b| The Impact of Mental Hospitalization and Imprisonment on Homicide in the United States, 1934 - 2001 c| Bernard Harcourt
    250
      
      
    a| 2014-05-14
    260
      
      
    a| Ann Arbor, Mich. b| Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor] c| 2014
    490
      
      
    a| ICPSR v| 34986
    516
      
      
    a| Numeric
    538
      
      
    a| Mode of access: Intranet.
    500
      
      
    a| Title from ICPSR DDI metadata of 2016-02-11.
    506
      
      
    a| AVAILABLE. This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions.
    530
      
      
    a| Also available as downloadable files.
    522
      
      
    a| United States
    520
    3
      
    a| This data set explored the effect of imprisonment on violent crime rates prior to 1991. Previous research focused exclusively on rates of imprisonment, rather than using a measure that combines institutionalization in both prisons and mental hospitals. Using state-level panel-data regressions over the 68-year period from 1934 to 2001 and controlling for economic conditions, youth population rates, criminal justice enforcement, and demographic factors, this study found a large, robust, and statistically significant relationship between aggregated institutionalization (in mental hospitals and prisons) and homicide rates. This finding provided strong evidence of what should now be called an institutionalization effect -- rather than an imprisonment or incapacitation effect. Demographic information collected include national unemployment rates and institutional race and age composition.Cf: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34986.v1
    505
      
      
    t| State Level Data
    505
      
      
    t| National Data
    567
      
      
    a| Prision and mental hospital populations
    650
      
    7
    a| convicted offender incapacitation 2| icpsr
    650
      
    7
    a| correctional facilities 2| icpsr
    650
      
    7
    a| crime statistics 2| icpsr
    650
      
    7
    a| homicide 2| icpsr
    650
      
    7
    a| imprisonment 2| icpsr
    650
      
    7
    a| inmate populations 2| icpsr
    650
      
    7
    a| institutionalization (persons) 2| icpsr
    650
      
    7
    a| mental health 2| icpsr
    650
      
    7
    a| mental hospitals 2| icpsr
    650
      
    7
    a| mental patients 2| icpsr
    650
      
    7
    a| violent crime 2| icpsr
    650
      
    7
    a| violent crime statistics 2| icpsr
    653
    0
      
    a| ICPSR XVII.E. Social Institutions and Behavior, Crime and the Criminal Justice System
    700
    2
      
    a| Harcourt, Bernard u| University of Chicago
    710
    2
      
    a| Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research.
    830
      
    0
    a| ICPSR (Series) v| 34986
    856
    4
    0
    u| http://proxy.its.virginia.edu/login?url=http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34986.v1
    999
      
      
    w| WEB l| INTERNET m| UVA-LIB t| INTERNET
▾See more
▴See less

Availability

Access Online