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The Making of IS: U.S. Contributions to the Development of the Islamic State

Ruble, Peyton
Format
Thesis/Dissertation; Online
Author
Ruble, Peyton
Advisor
Hueckstedt, Robert
Abstract
The paper puts forth a timeline of the organization known today as the Islamic State (IS,) from its founding by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in Iraq to its current territorial holdings in Iraq and Syria under the leadership of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, focusing on the involvement of the United States as a contributor to the expansion of the organization. Beginning with Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003, the U.S. disrupted the fabric of Iraqi society to the extent that IS was capable of attracting followers and gaining territory in the country. The willful ignorance of a developing insurgency coupled with the de-Ba’athification program contributed to the success of al-Zarqawi’s organization, and it continued to operate openly in Iraq until 2007. After the U.S. withdrawal from Iraq in 2011, it continued to affect the development of IS by ignoring its resurgence in Syria. Aware of IS’s increasing role in the Syrian Revolution, the U.S. withheld aid from moderate rebel groups, allowing IS to expand its influence in the region. Finally, the paper assesses the future of U.S. policy toward IS given the recent election of Donald Trump to the presidency.
Language
English
Published
University of Virginia, Middle Eastern and South Asian Studies, MA (Master of Arts), 2016
Published Date
2016-12-01
Degree
MA (Master of Arts)
Collection
Libra ETD Repository
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