Item Details

Self-esteem and depression in rural poor women

Fuller, Claire Ellen
Thesis/Dissertation; Online
Fuller, Claire Ellen
Hauenstein, Emily
Moss, Susan
Sowa, Claudia
Sheras, Peter
Factors associated with poor self-esteem and depressive disorders in a sample of 64 rural impoverished women in Virginia were investigated. A stress-diathesis model of associations among sociodemographic variables, history of abuse, self-esteem, negative life events, negative attributions, social support, marital adjustment, and depression was hypothesized. Based on a structured clinical diagnostic interview (DIS), subjects were classified as meeting criteria for major depression, minor depression, or no psychiatric diagnosis (control group). Using logistic regression modeling, the major depression and control groups were compared. Due to the small sample size, the full model could not be tested adequately with these data. Significant associations emerged, however, which lend support to parts of the proposed model. Membership in the major depression group was associated with a high level of negative life events in the last year, low self-esteem, poor marital adjustment, and history of physical and sexual abuse. The combination of negative life events and self-esteem correctly classified approximately 85% of cases as depressed or not depressed. Low self-esteem was associated with history of abuse and poor marital adjustment. Note: Abstract extracted from PDF file via OCR.
University of Virginia, Curry School of Education, PHD (Doctor of Philosophy), 1996
Published Date
PHD (Doctor of Philosophy)
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