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Latin Psalter

Rolle, Richard; Pseudo-Augustinus; Peter Lombard, Bishop of Paris; Bernard, of Clairvaux, Saint; Anselm, Saint, Archbishop of Canterbury; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Format
Manuscript/Archive; Online
Published
[England, approximately 1375-1425]
Language
Latin
Variant Title
Hampole super Psalterium
Related Title
Speculum peccatoris.
Access Restriction
Open to researchers.
Summary
A codex of 102 leaves with another manuscript (a gathering of eight additional leaves) later bound to it. The original codex contains the Latin Psalter of Richard Rolle of Hampole, including the prologue, the epilogue, and Rolle's commentaries on the Canticles, together running from p. 1-200 [i.e. 201]. Note that the commentary at certain passages, especially for the later Psalms, is markedly different from the Cologne edition of 1536 and some manuscripts. As is typical of the manuscript tradition, Rolle's Latin Psalter is followed by the Canticum Psalmorum of pseudo-Augustine of Hippo at pp. 200-201 [i.e. 201-202] (cf. Stegmèuller 369). This work appears to be related to, but distinct from, the De Laude Psalmorum that is now attributed by some scholars to Alcuin. The last three pages, p. 201-203 [i.e. 202-204], present a short treatise on the Seven Deadly Sins. Possibly corresponding to the incipit in Bloomfield, 5901, this incomplete work describes only five: de speciebus superbiae, invidiae, irae, accidiae, and avaritiae. The appended gathering, starting at p. 204 [i.e. 205], bears a title in the upper margin, added later in the 15th century: "Speculum p[e]cc[at]oris s[ecundu]m Augustinu[m]." However, what follows is a collection of short texts falsely attributed to Augustine: the Tractatus de Miseria Hominis starting at p. 204 [i.e. 205], Sermon 104 starting at p. 212 [i.e. 213] (cf. PL, 39, cols. 1946-1949), and then finally the Speculum Peccatoris itself, starting at p. 214 [i.e. 215] (cf. PL, 40, cols. 983-992). On the last leaf verso are several distinct inscriptions, all written in a cursiva of the later 15th century, in at least two hands. The first inscription, of 17 lines, is the prologue to the Psalms Commentary of Peter Lombard (cf. PL, 191, cols. 55A-B). The next inscription, of four lines and written in the same hand, is a passage from the De Gradibus Humilitatis et Superbiae of Bernard of Clairvaux (cf. PL, 182, cols. 966A-B). The third inscription, also in the same hand and written in a single line, is a paraphrase of a maxim found in the De Conversione ad Clericos of Bernard of Clairvaux (cf. PL, 182, col. 855A). Written in a different hand in four lines, the next inscription serves as an exhortation to right conduct in a monastery, identifying different sections of a monastery with the four creatures of the Gospels. The final inscription, written in the same hand as the previous one, is of four lines and is attributed to Anselm of Canterbury (cf. PL, 158, cols. 730C-731A).
Contents
  • 11. p. 219 [i.e. 220]: "[text] Anshelmus: O[mn]ia int[er]iora tua [et] ea que agis inspicias ... Un[de] torme[n]ta [et] t[ri]stitiam merearis. H[ec] Anshel[mus]."
  • 10. p. 219 [i.e. 220]: "[text] Homo religiosus IIIIor h[ab]eret: in oratorio e[ss]et aq[u]ila q[uas]i oculo cord[is] laudans D[eu]m ... In dormitorio q[ua]si leo om[n]es temptac[i]ones exsup[er]ans."
  • 9. p. 219 [i.e. 220]: [De conversione ad clericos / Bernard of Clairvaux]: "[text] Castitas perit in delitiis, humilitas in divitiis, v[er]itas i[n] m[u]ltiloq[ui]o."
  • 8. p. 219 [i.e. 220]: [De gradibus humilitatis et superbiae / Bernard of Clairvaux]: "[text] Cent[um](?) illos qui su[n]t p[ro]prii ... aut no[n] recte factu[m] aut no[n] pulcre estimat ordinatu[m]."
  • 7. p. 219 [i.e. 220]: [Commentaria in Psalmos, prologue / Peter Lombard]: "[text] Cu[m] om[n]es p[ro]ph[et]as Sp[iritu]s S[anc]ti revelac[i]one [con]stet e[ss]e locutos ... no[n] p[ro] t[er]renis que deorsum s[un]t, s[ed] p[ro] celestib[us] que sursum sunt."
  • 6. p. 214-218 [i.e. 215-219]: [Speculum peccatoris]: "[text] Quoniam k[arissi]mi in hui[us] vite fugient[es] sum[us] ... novissi[m]a tua prude[n]ter p[ro]videas [et] cetera. Amen. [rubr.] Explicit Speculu[m] p[e]cc[at]oris s[ecundu]m s[an]c[tu]m Augustinu[m]."
  • 5. p. 212-214 [i.e. 213-215]: [Sermon 104 / pseudo-Augustine]: "In lect[i]o[n]e app[osto]lica que vob[is] paulo an[te] recitata e[st], fr[atr]es k[arissi]mi ... no[n] possim[us] amore i[n]imicor[um] et elemosinarum largitate redim[er]e."
  • 4. p. 204-212 [i.e. 205-213]: [Tractatus de miseria hominis / pseudo-Augustine]: "[text] Fratres k[arissi]mi, q[ua]m trem[en]da est dies ... studiu[m] p[ro]vocet nos amor gl[or]ie."
  • 3. p. 201-203 [i.e. 202-204]: [Treatise on Seven Deadly Sins]: "[rubr.] De sp[eci]ebus sup[er]bie. [text] Sup[er]bia e[st] a[n]i[m]i mot[us] ex p[ro]p[ri]o honore ... Sacrileg[iu]m est sacre rei violacio [ve]l usurpa [...]"
  • 2. p. 200-201 [i.e. 201-202]: [Canticum Psalmorum / pseudo-Augustine]: "[rubr.] Augustinus de laude Psalmorum sic prorumpit in loquelam. [text] Canticu[m] P[s]almor[um] corp[us] s[an]c[t]ificat, a[n]i[m]as decorat ... P[s]alm[us] e[st] [e]n[im] ymn[us] v[e]l laus Dei. [rubr.] Ffinito libro, sit laus [et] gl[or]ia Chr[ist]o."
  • 1. p. 1-200 [i.e. 201]: [Latin Psalter / Richard Rolle]: "[text] Magna sp[irit]ualis iocu[n]ditatis suavitas illabit[ur] me[n]tibus ... i[d est] ecc[les]ie que constat ex populo suo. [rubr.] Explicit textus psalt[er]ii cu[m] glosa s[e]c[un]d[u]m Ricardu[m] Hampole solitarie vive[n]tem."
Description
110 leaves : parchment ; 266 x 185 (194 x 133) mm. bound to 277 x 190 mm.
Mode of access: Internet.
Notes
  • Former shelf-mark: Ms. 4451 (Phillipps).
  • Shelf-mark: Urbana, IL, University of Illinois Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Pre-1650 MS 0106.
  • Provenance: 1. Signature in a 17th-century hand at top inner margin of p. 204 (the first leaf recto of the appended gathering): "Ric: Harrison" -- 2. Sold by Thomas Rodd the younger to Sir Thomas Phillipps, 1831 -- 3. Offered for sale by Sotheby's, 21 March 1895 -- 4. Belonged to Harold Baillie-Weaver as per his sale (Christie's, 29 March 1898) -- 5. Offered for sale by Sotheby's, 21 October 1920 -- 6. Offered for sale by Maggs, June 1921 -- 7. Purchased from Stonehill, 7 February 1952.
  • Origin: Both the original codex and the appended gathering were presumably copied in England in the late 14th century.
  • Imperfections: There is an error in pagination starting after p. 101, whereby what should have been p. 102 has been left unnumbered and what should have been p. 103 is instead numbered 102; error continues for the rest of codex.
  • Binding: Bound in the early 19th century by Charles Lewis in russia gilt.
  • Decoration: In the original codex, there are 10 illuminated initials (4- and 5-line), with blue and rose background, detailed white penwork, and floral designs extending into margins, at p. 1, 32, 50, 66, 85, 109 [i.e. 110], 132 [i.e. 133], 151 [i.e. 152], and 157 [i.e. 158]. Every Psalm and Canticle begins with a blue initial, ranging from 2 to 11 lines, surrounded by red penwork and floriated flourishes. Within each Psalm and Canticle are alternating blue and red initials, with the scriptural passages underlined in red throughout. Rubricated initials and paragraph marks in the appended gathering. Manicules and other decorations, including faces drawn in the margins, mostly dating to the later 15th century, are found throughout.
  • Script: Latin Psalter and Canticum Psalmorum are written in a Gothic liturgical hand of the late 14th century. Marginal glosses written in a variety of 15th-century Gothic cursiva. Treatise on Seven Deadly Sins also written in a cursiva of the later 15th century. In the appended gathering, the pseudo-Augustinian works are written in a Gothic book hand from the late 14th century. The marginalia found throughout and inscriptions on last leaf are written in various cursiva hands from throughout the 15th century.
  • Layout: The original codex, containing Rolle's Latin Psalter, is written in two columns of 44-45 lines, frame-ruled in lead; the second codex is written in two columns of 57-58 lines. Marginal glosses throughout. Trimmed edges.
  • Title supplied by cataloger.
  • Ms. codex.
Cited in
Stegmèuller, 369, 1481, 7298, 7302
Sotheby's, Bibliotheca Phillippica, pt. 7 (1895), lot no. 921
Schoenberg, 6471, 10697, 39807, 49871, 56526, 66023, 194991
The Phillipps Manuscripts (2001 fac. ed; into by A.L. Munby), no. 4451
Maggs, cat. 404, lot no. 20
Friedman, John B. (3)4z(BMain Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.(3)4y (BThe Library Quarterly, 57.1 (1987), p. 78
Faye & Bond, p. 174, no. 106
Bloomfield, 5901
Allen, Writings Ascribed to Richard Rolle, p. 165-169, 353-354
Copyright Not EvaluatedCopyright Not Evaluated
Technical Details
  • Staff View

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    a| 110 leaves : b| parchment ; c| 266 x 185 (194 x 133) mm. bound to 277 x 190 mm.
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    a| Former shelf-mark: Ms. 4451 (Phillipps).
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    a| Shelf-mark: Urbana, IL, University of Illinois Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Pre-1650 MS 0106.
    500
      
      
    a| Provenance: 1. Signature in a 17th-century hand at top inner margin of p. 204 (the first leaf recto of the appended gathering): "Ric: Harrison" -- 2. Sold by Thomas Rodd the younger to Sir Thomas Phillipps, 1831 -- 3. Offered for sale by Sotheby's, 21 March 1895 -- 4. Belonged to Harold Baillie-Weaver as per his sale (Christie's, 29 March 1898) -- 5. Offered for sale by Sotheby's, 21 October 1920 -- 6. Offered for sale by Maggs, June 1921 -- 7. Purchased from Stonehill, 7 February 1952.
    500
      
      
    a| Origin: Both the original codex and the appended gathering were presumably copied in England in the late 14th century.
    500
      
      
    a| Imperfections: There is an error in pagination starting after p. 101, whereby what should have been p. 102 has been left unnumbered and what should have been p. 103 is instead numbered 102; error continues for the rest of codex.
    500
      
      
    a| Binding: Bound in the early 19th century by Charles Lewis in russia gilt.
    500
      
      
    a| Decoration: In the original codex, there are 10 illuminated initials (4- and 5-line), with blue and rose background, detailed white penwork, and floral designs extending into margins, at p. 1, 32, 50, 66, 85, 109 [i.e. 110], 132 [i.e. 133], 151 [i.e. 152], and 157 [i.e. 158]. Every Psalm and Canticle begins with a blue initial, ranging from 2 to 11 lines, surrounded by red penwork and floriated flourishes. Within each Psalm and Canticle are alternating blue and red initials, with the scriptural passages underlined in red throughout. Rubricated initials and paragraph marks in the appended gathering. Manicules and other decorations, including faces drawn in the margins, mostly dating to the later 15th century, are found throughout.
    500
      
      
    a| Script: Latin Psalter and Canticum Psalmorum are written in a Gothic liturgical hand of the late 14th century. Marginal glosses written in a variety of 15th-century Gothic cursiva. Treatise on Seven Deadly Sins also written in a cursiva of the later 15th century. In the appended gathering, the pseudo-Augustinian works are written in a Gothic book hand from the late 14th century. The marginalia found throughout and inscriptions on last leaf are written in various cursiva hands from throughout the 15th century.
    500
      
      
    a| Layout: The original codex, containing Rolle's Latin Psalter, is written in two columns of 44-45 lines, frame-ruled in lead; the second codex is written in two columns of 57-58 lines. Marginal glosses throughout. Trimmed edges.
    500
      
      
    a| Title supplied by cataloger.
    500
      
      
    a| Ms. codex.
    505
    0
      
    a| 11. p. 219 [i.e. 220]: "[text] Anshelmus: O[mn]ia int[er]iora tua [et] ea que agis inspicias ... Un[de] torme[n]ta [et] t[ri]stitiam merearis. H[ec] Anshel[mus]."
    505
    0
      
    a| 10. p. 219 [i.e. 220]: "[text] Homo religiosus IIIIor h[ab]eret: in oratorio e[ss]et aq[u]ila q[uas]i oculo cord[is] laudans D[eu]m ... In dormitorio q[ua]si leo om[n]es temptac[i]ones exsup[er]ans."
    505
    0
      
    a| 9. p. 219 [i.e. 220]: [De conversione ad clericos / Bernard of Clairvaux]: "[text] Castitas perit in delitiis, humilitas in divitiis, v[er]itas i[n] m[u]ltiloq[ui]o."
    505
    0
      
    a| 8. p. 219 [i.e. 220]: [De gradibus humilitatis et superbiae / Bernard of Clairvaux]: "[text] Cent[um](?) illos qui su[n]t p[ro]prii ... aut no[n] recte factu[m] aut no[n] pulcre estimat ordinatu[m]."
    505
    0
      
    a| 7. p. 219 [i.e. 220]: [Commentaria in Psalmos, prologue / Peter Lombard]: "[text] Cu[m] om[n]es p[ro]ph[et]as Sp[iritu]s S[anc]ti revelac[i]one [con]stet e[ss]e locutos ... no[n] p[ro] t[er]renis que deorsum s[un]t, s[ed] p[ro] celestib[us] que sursum sunt."
    505
    0
      
    a| 6. p. 214-218 [i.e. 215-219]: [Speculum peccatoris]: "[text] Quoniam k[arissi]mi in hui[us] vite fugient[es] sum[us] ... novissi[m]a tua prude[n]ter p[ro]videas [et] cetera. Amen. [rubr.] Explicit Speculu[m] p[e]cc[at]oris s[ecundu]m s[an]c[tu]m Augustinu[m]."
    505
    0
      
    a| 5. p. 212-214 [i.e. 213-215]: [Sermon 104 / pseudo-Augustine]: "In lect[i]o[n]e app[osto]lica que vob[is] paulo an[te] recitata e[st], fr[atr]es k[arissi]mi ... no[n] possim[us] amore i[n]imicor[um] et elemosinarum largitate redim[er]e."
    505
    0
      
    a| 4. p. 204-212 [i.e. 205-213]: [Tractatus de miseria hominis / pseudo-Augustine]: "[text] Fratres k[arissi]mi, q[ua]m trem[en]da est dies ... studiu[m] p[ro]vocet nos amor gl[or]ie."
    505
    0
      
    a| 3. p. 201-203 [i.e. 202-204]: [Treatise on Seven Deadly Sins]: "[rubr.] De sp[eci]ebus sup[er]bie. [text] Sup[er]bia e[st] a[n]i[m]i mot[us] ex p[ro]p[ri]o honore ... Sacrileg[iu]m est sacre rei violacio [ve]l usurpa [...]"
    505
    0
      
    a| 2. p. 200-201 [i.e. 201-202]: [Canticum Psalmorum / pseudo-Augustine]: "[rubr.] Augustinus de laude Psalmorum sic prorumpit in loquelam. [text] Canticu[m] P[s]almor[um] corp[us] s[an]c[t]ificat, a[n]i[m]as decorat ... P[s]alm[us] e[st] [e]n[im] ymn[us] v[e]l laus Dei. [rubr.] Ffinito libro, sit laus [et] gl[or]ia Chr[ist]o."
    505
    0
      
    a| 1. p. 1-200 [i.e. 201]: [Latin Psalter / Richard Rolle]: "[text] Magna sp[irit]ualis iocu[n]ditatis suavitas illabit[ur] me[n]tibus ... i[d est] ecc[les]ie que constat ex populo suo. [rubr.] Explicit textus psalt[er]ii cu[m] glosa s[e]c[un]d[u]m Ricardu[m] Hampole solitarie vive[n]tem."
    506
      
      
    a| Open to researchers.
    510
    4
      
    a| Stegmèuller, c| 369, 1481, 7298, 7302
    510
    4
      
    a| Sotheby's, Bibliotheca Phillippica, pt. 7 (1895), c| lot no. 921
    510
    4
      
    a| Schoenberg, c| 6471, 10697, 39807, 49871, 56526, 66023, 194991
    510
    4
      
    a| The Phillipps Manuscripts (2001 fac. ed; into by A.L. Munby), c| no. 4451
    510
    4
      
    a| Maggs, cat. 404, c| lot no. 20
    510
    4
      
    a| Friedman, John B. (3)4z(BMain Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.(3)4y (BThe Library Quarterly, 57.1 (1987), c| p. 78
    510
    4
      
    a| Faye & Bond, c| p. 174, no. 106
    510
    4
      
    a| Bloomfield, c| 5901
    510
    4
      
    a| Allen, Writings Ascribed to Richard Rolle, c| p. 165-169, 353-354
    520
      
      
    a| A codex of 102 leaves with another manuscript (a gathering of eight additional leaves) later bound to it. The original codex contains the Latin Psalter of Richard Rolle of Hampole, including the prologue, the epilogue, and Rolle's commentaries on the Canticles, together running from p. 1-200 [i.e. 201]. Note that the commentary at certain passages, especially for the later Psalms, is markedly different from the Cologne edition of 1536 and some manuscripts. As is typical of the manuscript tradition, Rolle's Latin Psalter is followed by the Canticum Psalmorum of pseudo-Augustine of Hippo at pp. 200-201 [i.e. 201-202] (cf. Stegmèuller 369). This work appears to be related to, but distinct from, the De Laude Psalmorum that is now attributed by some scholars to Alcuin. The last three pages, p. 201-203 [i.e. 202-204], present a short treatise on the Seven Deadly Sins. Possibly corresponding to the incipit in Bloomfield, 5901, this incomplete work describes only five: de speciebus superbiae, invidiae, irae, accidiae, and avaritiae. The appended gathering, starting at p. 204 [i.e. 205], bears a title in the upper margin, added later in the 15th century: "Speculum p[e]cc[at]oris s[ecundu]m Augustinu[m]." However, what follows is a collection of short texts falsely attributed to Augustine: the Tractatus de Miseria Hominis starting at p. 204 [i.e. 205], Sermon 104 starting at p. 212 [i.e. 213] (cf. PL, 39, cols. 1946-1949), and then finally the Speculum Peccatoris itself, starting at p. 214 [i.e. 215] (cf. PL, 40, cols. 983-992). On the last leaf verso are several distinct inscriptions, all written in a cursiva of the later 15th century, in at least two hands. The first inscription, of 17 lines, is the prologue to the Psalms Commentary of Peter Lombard (cf. PL, 191, cols. 55A-B). The next inscription, of four lines and written in the same hand, is a passage from the De Gradibus Humilitatis et Superbiae of Bernard of Clairvaux (cf. PL, 182, cols. 966A-B). The third inscription, also in the same hand and written in a single line, is a paraphrase of a maxim found in the De Conversione ad Clericos of Bernard of Clairvaux (cf. PL, 182, col. 855A). Written in a different hand in four lines, the next inscription serves as an exhortation to right conduct in a monastery, identifying different sections of a monastery with the four creatures of the Gospels. The final inscription, written in the same hand as the previous one, is of four lines and is attributed to Anselm of Canterbury (cf. PL, 158, cols. 730C-731A).
    538
      
      
    a| Mode of access: Internet.
    546
      
      
    a| Latin.
    630
    0
    0
    a| Bible. p| Psalms. l| Latin v| Commentaries v| Early works to 1800.
    650
      
    0
    a| Manuscripts, Medieval z| Illinois z| Urbana v| Specimens.
    650
      
    0
    a| Manuscripts, Latin (Medieval and modern) z| Illinois z| Urbana v| Specimens.
    650
      
    0
    a| Illumination of books and manuscripts, Medieval z| England v| Specimens.
    655
      
    7
    a| Marginalia (Provenance) 2| rbprov
    655
      
    7
    a| Illuminated manuscripts z| England y| 14th century. 2| aat
    655
      
    7
    a| Gothic scripts. 2| aat
    700
    1
      
    a| Rodd, Thomas, d| 1796-1849, e| bookseller.
    700
    1
      
    a| Baillie-Weaver, Harold, e| former owner.
    700
    1
      
    a| Phillipps, Thomas, c| Sir, d| 1792-1872, e| former owner.
    700
    1
      
    a| Harrison, Richard, e| former owner.
    700
    1
      
    a| Lewis, Charles, d| 1786-1836, e| binder.
    700
    0
    2
    a| Pseudo-Augustinus. t| Tractatus de miseria hominis.
    700
    0
    2
    a| Pseudo-Augustinus. t| Canticum Psalmorum.
    700
    0
      
    a| Peter Lombard, c| Bishop of Paris, d| approximately 1100-1160. t| Commentaria in Psalmos.
    700
    0
      
    a| Bernard, c| of Clairvaux, Saint, d| 1090 or 1091-1153. t| De gradibus humilitatis et superbiae.
    700
    0
      
    a| Bernard, c| of Clairvaux, Saint, d| 1090 or 1091-1153. t| De conversione ad clericos.
    700
    0
      
    a| Anselm, c| Saint, Archbishop of Canterbury, d| 1033-1109. t| Meditationes.
    710
    2
      
    a| University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. b| Rare Book & Manuscript Library. k| Manuscript. n| Pre-1650 MS 0106.
    710
    2
      
    a| Pre-1650 Manuscript Collection (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library)
    710
    2
      
    a| Sotheby's (Firm), e| bookseller.
    710
    2
      
    a| Maggs Bros., e| bookseller.
    710
    2
      
    a| Christie, Manson & Woods, e| bookseller.
    710
    2
      
    a| C.A. Stonehill, Inc., e| bookseller.
    730
    0
    2
    a| Speculum peccatoris.
    752
      
      
    a| England.
    856
    4
    1
    3| Full text - HathiTrust Digital Library u| http://hdl.handle.net/2027/uiuc.7416622
    974
      
      
    b| UIU c| UIUCL d| 20170908 s| uiuc u| uiuc.7416622 y| 1425 r| pd q| bib
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