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Updates to Research on Recommended Minimum Levels for Pavement Marking Retroreflectivity to Meet Driver Night Visibility Needs

[Chris Debaillon ... [et al.]]
Format
Book; Government Document; Online; EBook
Published
McLean, VA : Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, [2007]
Language
English
Abstract
In this study, the Pavement Marking Visibility Module of the Tarvip model was validated by comparing field data from various studies to prediction results under similar conditions from Tarvip. Next, a comprehensive survey on the factors that affect pavement marking visibility and minimum RL levels was performed, with key factors identified, including pavement marking configuration, pavement surface type, vehicle speed, vehicle type, and presence of RRPMs. From these key factors, a methodology of using Tarvip to do a sensitivity analysis on factors modeled in it was developed. The plan was executed, and resulting RL values under typical conditions on United States roadways formed the basis of new recommendations. Finally, limitations of the recommendations were analyzed, and a plan for future research was presented. This study was aimed at completing the research to develop and scrutinize minimum levels for pavement marking retroreflectivity to meet nighttime driving needs. A previous study carried out in the 1990s was based on the CARVE model developed at Ohio University and resulted in a table of minimum levels of pavement marking retroreflectiviy values. Since then, a newer, more powerful analytical tool, Tarvip, which was developed at the Operator Performance Lab of the University of Iowa, overcomes a lot of limitations of the CARVE model and uses updated data that reflect the current states of vehicles and roadways in the United States.
Description
iv, 42 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm.
Mode of access: Internet.
Notes
  • Authors: Chris Debaillon, Paul Carlson, Yefei He, Tom Schnell, Fuat Aktan.
  • "October 2007."
  • "Publication No. FHWA-HRT-07-059."
  • Includes bibliographical references (p. 39-42).
Local Notes
Subject code: LCC
Subject code: PMKH
Subject code: NDG
Subject code: CIC
Subject code: WNB
Copyright Not EvaluatedCopyright Not Evaluated
Technical Details
  • Staff View

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    a| Updates to research on recommended minimum levels for pavement marking retroreflectivity to meet driver night visibility needs / c| [Chris Debaillon ... [et al.]].
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    a| McLean, VA : b| Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, c| [2007]
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    a| iv, 42 p. : b| ill. (some col.) ; c| 28 cm.
    500
      
      
    a| Authors: Chris Debaillon, Paul Carlson, Yefei He, Tom Schnell, Fuat Aktan.
    500
      
      
    a| "October 2007."
    500
      
      
    a| "Publication No. FHWA-HRT-07-059."
    504
      
      
    a| Includes bibliographical references (p. 39-42).
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    a| Final.
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    3
      
    a| In this study, the Pavement Marking Visibility Module of the Tarvip model was validated by comparing field data from various studies to prediction results under similar conditions from Tarvip. Next, a comprehensive survey on the factors that affect pavement marking visibility and minimum RL levels was performed, with key factors identified, including pavement marking configuration, pavement surface type, vehicle speed, vehicle type, and presence of RRPMs. From these key factors, a methodology of using Tarvip to do a sensitivity analysis on factors modeled in it was developed. The plan was executed, and resulting RL values under typical conditions on United States roadways formed the basis of new recommendations. Finally, limitations of the recommendations were analyzed, and a plan for future research was presented. This study was aimed at completing the research to develop and scrutinize minimum levels for pavement marking retroreflectivity to meet nighttime driving needs. A previous study carried out in the 1990s was based on the CARVE model developed at Ohio University and resulted in a table of minimum levels of pavement marking retroreflectiviy values. Since then, a newer, more powerful analytical tool, Tarvip, which was developed at the Operator Performance Lab of the University of Iowa, overcomes a lot of limitations of the CARVE model and uses updated data that reflect the current states of vehicles and roadways in the United States.
    536
      
      
    a| Performed by the Operator Performance Laboratory, Center for Computer Aided Design, the University of Iowa, and the Texas Transportation Institute, sponsored by the Office of Safety R&D, Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center.
    538
      
      
    a| Mode of access: Internet.
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    a| Subject code: LCC
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    a| Subject code: PMKH
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    7
    a| Visibility. 2| trt
    650
      
    7
    a| Simulation. 2| trt
    650
      
    7
    a| Road markings. 2| trt
    650
      
    7
    a| Reflectivity. 2| trt
    650
      
    7
    a| Night. 2| trt
    650
      
    7
    a| Absorptivity. 2| trt
    650
      
    7
    a| Reflectance/ Absorptivity/ Reflectivity. 2| umitrist
    650
      
    7
    a| Pavement Markings. 2| umitrist
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    7
    a| Nighttime. 2| umitrist
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    7
    a| Modeling/ Simulation. 2| umitrist
    650
      
    0
    a| Roads x| Safety measures x| Computer simulation.
    650
      
    0
    a| Road markings x| Computer simulation.
    650
      
    0
    a| Reflective materials x| Computer simulation.
    700
    1
      
    a| Aktan, Fuat.
    700
    1
      
    a| Schnell, Thomas.
    700
    1
      
    a| He, Yefei.
    700
    1
      
    a| Carlson, Paul J. d| 1969- q| (Paul John),
    700
    1
      
    a| Debaillon, Chris.
    710
    2
      
    a| University of Iowa. b| Operator Performance Laboratory.
    710
    2
      
    a| Texas Transportation Institute.
    710
    1
      
    a| United States. b| Federal Highway Administration. b| Office of Safety R&D.
    974
      
      
    b| MIU c| MIU d| 20180316 s| google u| mdp.39015072077905 y| 2007 r| pd q| bib
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