Item Details

Review of Methods for Studying Pre-Crash Factors. Final Report

Joksch, Hans C; O'Day, James; Waller, Patricia F; Stutts, Jane C; Reinfurt, Donald W; Haight, Frank A
Format
Book; Government Document; Online; EBook
Published
Ann Arbor, MI : University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, 1976.
Language
English
Abstract
Considerable effort has been expended particularly over the previous decade in the area of examining pre-crash factors in an attempt at developing appropriate highway safety countermeasures. This report summarizes the review of this field by a select panel of highway safety researchers and includes recommendations for NHTSA-sponsored research in accident causation over the next several years. After attempting to clarify the significance of the “cause” of an accident, the report outlines various approaches to accident causation research and indicates the relevant data needs. The extent and type of exposure information required is addressed. A detailed critique of the major research efforts in this field is provided. This critique centers mainly on the work done by Indiana University, Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory, Inc., Operations Research, Inc., and the University of Miami. Finally, short and long-range recommendations for NHTSA-sponsored research are presented. These include in general utilizing the NASS system to the fullest extent possible. Several specific studies recommended include: examination of data needs; survey of the possible existence of this required data; exploration of various alternative approaches to data collection (e.g. simulation); establishing appropriate quantifiers (e.g., what defines “following too closely”); determining exposure requirements; upgrading the statistical techniques utilized in this field; ascertaining the effectiveness of various countermeasures; and examining alternative information retrieval systems. In addition, several small open-ended research contracts for just plain “thinking about” accident causation methodology were recommended.
Description
107 p. : 34 ref. charts. graph.
Mode of access: Internet.
Notes
Authors: Frank A. Haight, Hans C. Joksch, James O'Day, Patricia F. Waller, Jane C. Stutts, Donald W. Reinfurt.
Local Notes
COP: 2
COP: 3
COP: 4
Author corporate affiliation: North Carolina University, Chapel Hill, Highway Safety Research Center
Report covers the period Oct 1975 to May 1976
Subject code: JL
Subject code: JLK
Subject code: WMDH
Subject code: WMEG
Subject code: WTP
Subject code: XLM
Subject code: YCR
Logo for Copyright Not EvaluatedCopyright Not Evaluated
Technical Details

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    a| Review of methods for studying pre-crash factors. Final report.
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    a| Ann Arbor, MI : b| University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, c| 1976.
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    a| 107 p. : b| 34 ref. charts. graph.
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    a| Authors: Frank A. Haight, Hans C. Joksch, James O'Day, Patricia F. Waller, Jane C. Stutts, Donald W. Reinfurt.
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    a| Considerable effort has been expended particularly over the previous decade in the area of examining pre-crash factors in an attempt at developing appropriate highway safety countermeasures. This report summarizes the review of this field by a select panel of highway safety researchers and includes recommendations for NHTSA-sponsored research in accident causation over the next several years. After attempting to clarify the significance of the “cause” of an accident, the report outlines various approaches to accident causation research and indicates the relevant data needs. The extent and type of exposure information required is addressed. A detailed critique of the major research efforts in this field is provided. This critique centers mainly on the work done by Indiana University, Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory, Inc., Operations Research, Inc., and the University of Miami. Finally, short and long-range recommendations for NHTSA-sponsored research are presented. These include in general utilizing the NASS system to the fullest extent possible. Several specific studies recommended include: examination of data needs; survey of the possible existence of this required data; exploration of various alternative approaches to data collection (e.g. simulation); establishing appropriate quantifiers (e.g., what defines “following too closely”); determining exposure requirements; upgrading the statistical techniques utilized in this field; ascertaining the effectiveness of various countermeasures; and examining alternative information retrieval systems. In addition, several small open-ended research contracts for just plain “thinking about” accident causation methodology were recommended.
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    b| DOT-HS-4-00897
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    a| National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, D.C.
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    a| Mode of access: Internet.
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    a| COP: 2
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    a| COP: 3
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    a| COP: 4
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    a| Author corporate affiliation: North Carolina University, Chapel Hill, Highway Safety Research Center
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    a| Report covers the period Oct 1975 to May 1976
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    a| Subject code: JL
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    a| Subject code: JLK
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    a| Subject code: WMDH
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    a| Subject code: WMEG
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    a| Subject code: WTP
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    a| Databases. 2| trt
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    a| Countermeasures. 2| trt
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    a| Accident investigation. 2| trt
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    a| Accident exposure. 2| trt
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    a| Accident characteristics. 2| trt
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    a| Joksch, Hans C.
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    a| Stutts, Jane C.
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    a| Reinfurt, Donald W.
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    a| Haight, Frank A.
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    b| MIU c| MIU d| 20180316 s| google u| mdp.39015075569676 y| 1976 r| pd q| bib

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