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A map of Virginia and Maryland

F. Lamb, sculp.
Format
Online; Map
Description
1 map ; 36 x 48 cm. on sheet 44 x 56 cm.
Variant title
Speed's map of Virginia and Maryland
Mathematical info
Scale ca. 1:1,150,000.
Published
London : Sold by Thomas Basset in Fleet Street and Richard Chiswell in St. Pauls Church yard. [1676]
Notes
Oriented with north to the right.
Relief shown pictorially.
On verso: English text: The Description of Maryland -- The Description of Virginia, pages 43 and 44.
Published in: The theatre of the empire / John Speed. London : Basset and Chiswell, 1676.
Speed's "A Map of Virginia and Maryland" is one of the earliest English maps of the area and one of the first to demarcate the borders of colonial Virginia and Maryland. Just three years before the publication of Speed's map, Augustine Herrmann had conducted the first thorough surveys of Maryland at the request of Lord Baltimore. Speed's was one of the first maps to adopt this groundbreaking cartography. In general outline, Speed still followed the prototype of Captain John Smith, who conducted the first European survey of the Chesapeake Bay. Speed's map is the last major derivative of the Smith map and it is unique as an example of the transition from one basic prototype map to another. The delineation of the land area follows Smith while the toponymic prototype was the Herrmann map of 1673. A particularly important feature derived from Herrmann by Speed is the boundary line between Virginia and Maryland (indicated by a double row of trees) on the Eastern Shore. Text on the verso contains extensive descriptions of Virginia and Maryland.
Cited in
Swem, E, Maps relating to Virginia, entry 93, p. 52.
Local Notes
SPECIAL COLLECTIONS: Copy 2: Paul Mellon bequest, May 12, 2000.
Technical details
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