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Topographical Map of Virginia Between Washington and Manassas Junction
- Map; Online
- 1 map : lithograph, hand col. ; 12 x 19 cm. on sheet (with an ill. of Washington D.C.) 26 x 21 cm.
- New York (12 Frankford St.) : Chs. Magnus, [ca.1865]
- This combined view was originally designed for a guide to Mt. Vernon just after the end of the Civil War. Washington had grown during the hostilities, and the Virginia countryside was safe for traveling to a veritable shrine like Mt. Vernon or the many battlefields and forts which dotted the landscape. Many sites, roads, and railroads are documented. The view shows a newly rebuilt Capitol building with the Thomas U. Walter dome, but the Washington Monument is depicted with the ancient Greet temple base as designed by Robert Mills. A job printer/publisher such as Magnus would have prepared many of these beyond the needs of a particular guidebook, so many would have been distributed on the market then and subsequently. - Dealer description (Philadelphia Print Shop)
- A bird's eye view of Washington D.C. from the Capitol appears in the top half of the sheet, with the title printed between the view and the map.
- A key to "U.S. Encampments at Arlington Heights" is printed inside the border of the map at upper left.
- "New Road to Mt. Vernon in Progress." -- Printed in left margin.
- "Guide to Mount Vernon by the RoadMaker" printed in right margin.
- Local Notes
- SPECIAL COLLECTIONS: Copy 1: "85.00" penciled in margin at upper right.
- SPCEIAL COLLECTIONS: Copy 2: Coles Fund, 1941. "2.00" penciled on verso.
- Biographical Note
- Charles Magnus was a German born Civil War era print publisher who was based primarily in New York but had an office in Washington, D.C. as well. He lived from 1826 until 1900 and his printing business flourished from 1858 until the 1870s. He specialized in letterheads and bird's eye views which had become popular in the middle of the century. Some of the American cities he created views of include Baltimore, Boston, Cincinnati, Pittsburgh, San Francisco, and Philadelphia. During the Civil War, like many other printmakers of the time, he published timely scenes or maps having to do with specific locations or battles. One of the things Magnus is most known for today was his repeated use of the same image on different products. He was able to capitalize on the popularity of views by being one of the first publishers to issue them in sizes smaller than folio versions.
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