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A mapp of Virginia discovered to ye falls and in it's latt: from 35. deg: & 1/2 neer Florida, to 41. deg: bounds of new England

Domina Virginia Farrer Collegit; John Goddard, sculp.
Format
Online; Map
Description
1 map ; 27 x 35 cm
Variant title
Mapp of Virginia discouered to ye falls and in it's latt: from 35 deg: & 1/2 neer Florida to 41 deg: bounds of new England
Mapp of Virginia discouered to ye hills and in it's latt: from 35 deg: & 1/2 neer Florida to 41 deg: bounds of new England
Map of Virginia discovered to ye hills and in it's latt: from 35 deg: & 1/2 neer Florida to 41 deg: bounds of new England
Mathematical info
Scale [ca. 1:2,000,000].
Published
[London] : Are sold by I. Stephenson at ye Sunn below Ludgate., [1651]
Notes
Map of the eastern coast of North America from Cape Cod in present-day Massachusetts to Cape Fear in present-day North Carolina with north oriented towards the right. Virginia is shown as bordering the Pacific Ocean and on the route to the Sea of China and the East Indies.
Known as Farrar (or Ferrar) map of Virginia; first ascribed to John Farrer [Ferrar], a member of the Virginia Company, when it was published in 1651. In fact, it was probably drawn by his daughter, Virginia, who indeed asserted her authorship by having the original plate altered the following year, and all subsequent printings bear her name.
At lower left, "John Goddard, sculp."
Original map first engraved for Stephenson's 3rd edition (1651) of Edward Williams' Virgo triumphant, titled "Virginia in America, richly valued: more especially the southern part thereof." -- Cumming, W.P., The Southeast in early maps.
According to the Huth library catalogue, there are two states of 1651 issue of this map: "I. On thin paper, without the oval portrait of Sir Francis Drake, and without some of the names of places which are added in the other. The imprint is: John Farrer Esq. Collegit. Are sold by I. Stephenson ... 1651. 2. On thicker paper, with the portrait of Drake at the top towards the left-hand corner, many names of places filled in, and the imprint varied, Domina Virginia Farrer Collegit, & c." -- Cf. Huth Library catalogue, 1880, vol. 5, p. 1595 (entry Williams, Edward).
Scale measurement derived from "Scala miliarum" (32 miliarum = 1 in.).
Cartographic elements include degrees of latitude, compass rose, location of rivers and bays, and scale. Decorative elements include birds, sea monsters, bear, beaver, rabbits, foxes, goats, and deer or stags, and a triton or mythical sea creature blowing a horn.
Farrer's map is significant due to the narrow depiction of North America with a Northwest Passage shown as a river connecting the Hudson River to the "Sea of China and the Indies." His conception of the continent may have been influenced by the idea that a "Sea of Verrazano" split North America in two, or by the idea that California was an island.
The legend on the map (below the medallion portrait of Sir Francis Drake) notes that only a ten-day march from the head of the James River will bring the traveler to the rivers that run into the Indian Seas; Canada (Nova Francia on the map) is depicted as a very small triangle of land; and Anne Arundel County (Maryland) appear on the map as "Anandale C".
"It [i.e. Ferrar map] is one of the very few extant records of the Plowden patent for an area on the Delaware, called New Albion, which is recorded on this map with several pertinent place names." -- Thrower, N.J.W. The compleat plattmaker: essays on chart, map, and globe making in England in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, p. 118.
Portrait of Sir Francis Drake at top.
Relief shown pictorially.
Cited in
Cumming, W.P. Southeast in early maps, entry 47
Huth library. A catalogue of the printed books, manuscripts, autograph letters, and engravings, collected by Henry Huth, vol. 5, p. 1595 note
Phillips, P.L. Virginia cartography, p. 30-33
Local Notes
SPECIAL COLLECTIONS: A 1651 .F27: "to ye Falls" in the title appears to have been altered by hand to read "to ye Hills". But it is clearly engraved as "Falls" not "Hills". In the revised state of the map, title was altered to "to ye hills". Mounted on a window mat board, with see-through mylar plastic strip; housed in a navy blue cloth covered clamshell box. Cover title: Farrer Virginia and Maryland 1651. Tracy W. McGregor Library, American History Collection. This copy recataloged through a generous grant from the McGregor Fund.
SPECIAL COLLECTIONS: G3880 1651 .F3: "to ye Falls" in the title appears to have been altered by hand to read "to ye Hills". But it is clearly engraved as "Falls" not "Hills". In the revised state of the map, title was altered to "to ye hills". Gift of Seymour I. Schwartz, December, 2015.
Original version
Originally in: Virginia in America, richly valued: more especially the southerne parts. London : Sold by I. Stephenson, 1651.
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