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Papers of Homer S. Cummings 1886-1956.

Cummings, Homer S; Herring, Clyde L; Jackson, Robert H; Keenan, Joseph Berry; Kitchelt, Florence L C; Lewis, James; Lockwood, Charles D; McAdoo, W G
Format
Manuscript/Archive
Description
124,000 items.
Variant Title
Homer S. Cummings papers
Language
English
Arabic (also in)
Finding Aid Note
Guide available.
Related Resources
GUIDE TO THE COLLECTION AVAILABLE ONLINE:
Summary
The collection contains both personal and political papers of Cummings. The former contains the correspondence and financial papers, particularly estate settlement papers, of Cummings and his mother Audie Schuyler Stillé Cummings, his son Dickinson Schuyler Cummings, and his wives Helen W. Smith Cummings, Marguerite T. Owings Cummings, May Cecelia Waterbury Cummings, and Julia N. Alter Cummings.
In the general political papers, 1899-1933, is material generated by his service as vice chairman and chairman of the Democratic National Committee. Topics include women's suffrage, prohibition and Democratic Party management and strategy. In this group is correspondence with Woodrow Wilson concerning paraty politics, politicians and national affairs, as well as a speech by Wilson and Cumming' memos on him.
Other papers from this period deal with Connecticut politics and state affairs particularly his 1930 investigation of the State Prison at Wethersfield and his successful defense in a murder trial. There are a few pieces from his term as mayor of Stamford, Conn.
Papers of Cummings as Attorney-General consist of correspondence, case files, circulars and press releases, and deal with Justice Department policy, crime prevention and the criminal justice system, national politics, New Deal legislation, international affairs, particularly in Latin America and the Philippines, war preparedness, cases argued before the Supreme Court, and especially judicial reorganization or court-packing. Correspondence with Franklin D. Roosevelt discusses most of these subjects and there are also speeches and articles pertaining to them.
Of great interest in the collection are Cummings' diaries, 1919-1956, recording his daily activities and containing comments on personalities, politics and government in the Roosevelt administration.
Papers regarding Cumming' four books are included: "Liberty under law and administration," "The biography of a department," "The selected letters of Homer Cummings, 1930-1941," edited by Carl B. Swisher, and especiall "Federal justice," written with Carl McFarland.
Both case correspondence and office and financial papers asre present from Cummings' legal career in the firms of Cummings and Luckwood, Stamford, 1909-1934, and Cummings and Stanley, Washington, D.C., 1939-1953.
Miscellaneous papers include political cartoons, most by Clifford K. Berryman, biographical information, programs, souvenirs, photographs, newsclippings, scrapbooks, engravings of U. S. attorneys-general, papers re the Homer Cumings golf tournament, and some medieval land grants, 1301-1452.
"Med. Mss. AZ" Of interest is a Koran, hand written and decorated in 1276 Hijri (1860) somewhere in the Ottoman Empire. A note on the last page gives the scribe as Mohammed Rashid al-Rashidi, a student of Othman al-Zaki, in turn a student of Mohammed al-Wasfi. It was given in charity in 1282 Hijri in the name of Fatima. There are two illuminated full page plates. The binding is a full gilt-stamped brown calf with a fold-over flap at the fore-edge. Several pages out of order and inverted when [re?]bound.
Major or well known correspondents include Edwin A. Alderman, the American Bar Association, the American Judicature Society, Alben W. Barkley, William, Benton, Hugo L. Black, Gutzon Borglum, Chester Bowles, Spruilla Braden, William Jennings Bryan, Thomas C. Clark, Hawaiian judge James L. Coke, George H. Combs, Courtney R. Cooper, Josephus Daniels, Joseph E. Davies, ambassador to Czechoslovakia Lewis Einstein, James A. Farley, and the Federal Bar Association Legislative Committee.
Also Connecticut lawyer David E. Fitzgerald, Felix Frankfurter, John N. Garner, Carter Glass, Joseph F. Guffey, Clyde L. Herring, Hamilton Holt, Herbert Hoover, J. Edgar Hoover, Edward M. House, Louis McHenry Hower, Cordell Hull, Connecticut governor Robert A. Hurley, Harold L.Ickes, Joseph R. Jackson, Asst. Attorney-General Robert H. Jackson, William D. Jamieson, Hugh S. Johnson, Jesse H. Jones, U. S. treasurer William A. Jullian, Joseph B. Keenan, E.R.A. leader Florence L.C. Kitchelt, James H. Lewis, law paratner Charles D. Lockwood, William G. McAdoo, Vance C. McCormick and Brien McMahon.
Also James Clark McReynolds, Henry Morgenthau, Wright Patman, James J. Robinson, Eleanor Roosevelt, Daniel C. Roper, Harlan F. Stone, Harry S. Truman, Arthur H. Vanderbilt, Henry A. Wallace, and Walter F. White. Many other justices, adminstration and Justice Department officials, and Connecticut and U. S. legislators are represented by brief and routine correspondence.
Cite as
Homer S. Cummings Papers, 1886-1956, Accession #9973, 9973-a, Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
Notes
  • Medieval Manuscript AB
Other Forms
Diaries : also available on Microfilm Reels #M 787-789.
Guide : also available on Microfilm Reel #M 794.
Biographical Note
United States Attorney General.
Technical Details
  • Access in Virgo Classic
  • Staff View

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