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John Hartwell Cocke Papers [manuscript] 1725-1949.

Cocke, John Hartwell; Armstrong, William J; Baker, Richard H; Bolling, Philip Augustus; Bondurant, Thomas Moseley; Bowdoin, John T; Bowman, Francis; Bushnell, Horace; Calhoun, John C; Clowes, J; Duprey, William J; Dwight, Sereno Edwards; Edwards, Justin; Ellis, Thomas H; Everett, Charles; Gallaudet, T H; Galt, William; Gilmer, George Rockingham;...
Manuscript/Archive; Online
Variant Title
Cocke family papers
Related Title
Mrs. N.P. Trist Schol for young ladies in Philadelphia.
University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, VA
Finding Aid Note
List available. Card Index available. Guide available.
Related Resources
Correspondence, diaries, account books, plantation records, genealogical information and other papers.
The material pertains to the life and activities of Cocke and his family beginning with his student years at the College of William and Mary, but chiefly concerning his Fluvanna County, Va., and Greene County, Ala., plantations; horse breeding and racing; agricultural methods and societies; waterways, steam navigation, railroads, and other public improvements, particularly the James River and Kanawha Canal; the War of 1812 and the Civil War; primary and secondary education, and the University of Virginia; the Presbyterian Church, and the American Colonization Society, the American Temperance Society, the American Tract Society, the American Sunday School Union, and other religious and reform groups.
Specific topics include fruit tree grafting, corn, wheat, sheep, and timber; slave sales and hires; secular and religious education of slaves; observations by Charls Ellis on the managment of tobacco; construction at Bremo, Bremo seminary; the Erie Canal; county militia; Lafayette's visit to Virginia; the declining health of Thomas Jeffersoon; the will of Tadeusz Kościuszko; settlement of John Bowdoin's estate; anti-Jackson sentiment in the election of 1828; education of Cocke's children, particularly at the University of Virginia, the United States Military Academy, the Edgehill School at Princeton; the 1832 cholera epidemic; freedmen in Liberia; Tredegar Iron Works; Hartford Retreat for the Insane; the Baltimore and Cuba Smelting and Minng Company; Hampden-Sydney College; the Virginia Military Institute; a patent for reclining seats for railroad cars; "Belmead," the plantation of Philip St. George Cocke; a school of agriculture at the University of Virginia; financial affairs overseen by John F. Greenlee of Rockbridge County, Va., including estate settlement; the Virginia Militia; civilian response to the Civil War; and the Richmond Female Seminary (Powell's school)
Of great interest is Cocke's correspondence with and about founders, builders, professors and students of the University of Virginia, particularly William H. McGuffey whose frequent letters describe activities at the University. The collection also contains a list of subscribers to Central College, 1818; minutes of the Board of Visitors of the University of Virginia and of its predecessors, Albemarle Academy and Central College; Thomas Jefferson's specifications and drawings for the University of Virginia; and a subscription towards the purchase of the School of Athens facsimile.
Letters of note include John Allan, 1829 May 22, mentioning that his foster son, Edgar Allan Poe, is applying for a cadetship at West Point; Nicholas Faulcon on British depredations in Surry County during the War of 1812; Hopewell plantation slave Lucy Skipwith to Cocke on the "people" amd evemts at his Greene County, plantation; manumitted slaves Peyton Skipwith, Diana Skipwith James and Beverly R. Wilson on their lives in Liberia; Gerrit Smith, 1839 Sep 16, urging Cocke to free his slaves; Cyrus H. McCormick, 1843, on his reaper; letters and sketches of William Strickland (as copied by Judith Rives) on the plans for Grace Episcopal Church, Cismont, Va.; Philip St. George Cocke's analysis of the election of 1860 in Virginia; and Spanish and English drafts, 1845, of letters of religious admonition from William Brent to Juan deRosas.
Also of note are entries in Cocke's diaries for 1853 Jan. 26 and 1859 Apr. 27 in which he mentions Thomas Jefferson's relationship with Sally Hemings; and entries describing putting his freedmen on board ship for Liberia.
Civil War items include general and special orders; muster and pay rolls; returns; invoices and receipts; dispatch book; letters and papers concerning Philip St. George Cocke's efforts to obtain higher rank in the Confederate Army; accounts of the 1st battle of Manassas, sketches of the Confederate camp at Manassas; organization of the 19th Virginia Regiment, C.S.A. and the 2nd Fluvanna Artillery (Ancell's Co., Virginia Light Artillery); death of Philip St. George Cocke; a request for a slave for Major Walter H. Taylor; slaves drafted for the defense of Richmond; a petition by John M. Speed to confiscate union property; a postwar grant of protection to John H. Cocke from E.O.C. Ord; and work agreements between John H. Cocke and freedmen at Bremo.
The collection also contains class notes and an oration at the College of William and Mary, 1797-1801; War of 1812 order book for Cocke's 4th Militia Brigade; diaries of Cocke, 1816-1843, as well as of his second wife, Louisa Maxwell Holmes Cocke, Lucy Cocke, and Charles Cary Cocke (fragment); John H. Cocke, Jr's journal of travels to the West and notes on a journey on the New York Canal; an epitaph for John H. Cocke, Jr., written by Lydia H. Sigourney; Cocke's 1863 recollections of his earliest memories of slavery, a scheme for gradual emancipation, and his essay "Negroes, not chattels"; rules for slave overseers; miscellaneous architectural drawings and building designs including plans and drawings for Philip st. George Cocke's Belmead; Claudius Crozet's reports on the James River Canal and the Virginia Central Railroad, including estimates on the building of railroad tunnels; remedies for diseases of men and horses; assorted essays by Cocke on a variety of agricultural, temperance, religious, and reform topics.
Family correspondents include Ann Blaws Barraud, Daniel Cary Barraud, Otway Byrd Barraud, Dr. Philip Barraud, John T. Bowdoin, Arthur Lee Brent, Ann Blaws Cocke Cabell, Nathaniel Francis Cabell, Philip B. Cabell, Ann Blaws Barraud Cocke, Bettie Burwell Page Cocke, Cary C. Cocke, Charles Hartwell Cocke, John Bowdoin Cocke, John H. Cocke, Jr., Lelia Barraud Cocke, Louisa M. Holmes Cocke, Lucy Oliver Cocke, Philip St. George Cocke, Philip St. George Cocke, Jr., Sally E.C. Bowdoin Cocke, William R. C. Cocke, Louisiana Barraud Cocke Faulcon, Nicholas Faulcon, Louisiana Barraud Cocke Kennon, R. B. Kennon, Ann C. "Nannie" Oliver, Samuel M. Wilson
Important correspondents include Joseph Carrington Cabell, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and James Monroe.
Among the additional correspondents are John J. Ancell, John M.P. Atkinson, Judith Cary Applewhaite, William Segar Archer, General John Armstrong, William J. Armstrong, Col. S. B. Archer, John M. P. Atkinson, Jacob W. Bailey, Richard H. Baker, Briscoe G. Baldwin, John B., Baldwin, John P. Ballard, James Barbour, Philip Pendleton Barbour, Thomas Lawson Barraud, Commodore James Barron, Seth Barton, Isaac C. Bates, G.T. Beauregard, Gregory T. Bedell, S.B.S. Bissell, William M. Blackford, George Blaettermann, Thomas S. Bocock, Philip Augustus Bolling, William Bolling, T.M. Bondurant, Charles Bonnycastle, Francis Bowman, Cornelius Boyle, Chiles M. Brand, Corbin Braxton, G. W. Brent, William Brent, Jr., John A. Broadus, William F. Broaddus, Arthur Spicer Brockenbrough, John M. Brooke, Ludwell H. Brown, James C. Bruce, Elizabeth Tucker Coalter Bryan, John R. Bryan, James Buchanan, J. S. Buckingham, David J. Burr, and John S. Butler.
Also James L. Cabell, Margaret Cabell, Mayo Cabell, William D. Cabell, William H. Cabell, David Caldwell, John C. Calhoun, Mathew Carey, Frank Carr, John Pym Carter, Archibald Cary, Virginia R. Cary, Wilson Miles Cary, T. T. Castleman, J. Edgar Chancellor, Bishop Philander Chase, Edward Codrington Carrington, S. J. Cassels, Peter J. Chevallie, W. B. Chittenden, DeWitt Clinton, John Coalter, Nicholas H. Cobbs, James T. B. Cocke, Richard I. Cocke, Daniel Coleman, Ruffin Coleman, Isaac Coles, Tucker Coles, Walter Coles, Russell S. Cook, Giles B. Cooke, R. L. Cooke, Joseph Coolidge, William Coppinger, Virgil Cornish, T. Frank Crandon, James C. Crane, Elliott Cresson, Claudius Crozet, Robert L. Dabney, Joshua N. Danforth, William S. Damrell, William Daniel, Alexander Jackson Davis, Eugene Davis, John A. G. Davis, Martin Dawson, Jeremiah Day, F. B. Deane, Jr., Dr. F. H. Deane, E. C. Delavan, Thomas R. Dew, A.E. Dickinson, Austin Dickinson, James Dinsmore, John R. W. Dunbar, Robley Dunglison, Dr. and William J. Duprey.
Also Jubal Early, B. T. Eastman, Justin Edwards, Patrick N. Edgar, Charles Ellet, Jr., Ezra Stiles Ely, John P. Emmet, Thomas A. Emmet, Thomas J. Evans, Dr. Charles Everett, Benjamin S. Ewell, R. S. Ewell, P. R. Fendall, Slaughter W. Ficklin, John Floyd, Dr. William Foushee, S. Bassett French, Thomas H. Gallaudet, Albert Gallatin, Joseph Gallego, James Galt, William Galt, Sr., William Galt, Jr., James M. Garnett, Robert S. Garnett, Alexander Garrett, Thomas S. Gholson, J. Melville Gillis, Francis Walker Gilmer, George R. Gilmer, Peachy R. Gilmer, Thomas Walker Gilmer, William Wirt Gilmer, Dr. Claiborne Watts Gooch, Elizur Goodrich, John B. Gough, John G. Gramble, Charles R. Grandy, Moses Grant, General Moses Green, J. H. Green, John F. Greenlee, Hugh Blair Grigsby, L.M.D. Guillaume, R. R. Gurley, Temple Gwathmey, Major Walter Gwynn, Charles H. Hall, James Hall, William A. Hallock, R. J. Hancock, David B. Harris, Archibald M. Harrison, Carter H. Harrison, Dabney Carr Harrison, Gessner Harrison, J.B. Harrison, John Hamilton, J. Hartwell Harrison, Mary Harrison, Peyton Harrison, Randoph Harrison, Sr., William B. Harrison, William H. Harrison, James Ewell Heath, William W. Hening, Joseph Henry, P.S. Henson, John Hersey, Henry Heth, William Hilliard, Thomas A. Holcombe, Dr. George P. Holeman, and Hezekiah Howe.
Also Andrew Jackson, E. W. Jackson, Stonewall Jackson, Diana Skipwith James, John Johns, Chapman Johnson, J. D. Johnson, Robert S. Jones, Tiberius Gracchus Jones, Charles Colcok Jones, Thomas Jordan, Christian Keener, Andrew Kean, Napoleon B. Kean, Delaware Kemper, James Lawson Kemper, Richard Byrd Kennon, Robert A. Kent, Fiske Kimball, J. Horace Kimball. the Marquis de Lafayette (copies), John H. B. Latrobe, George A. Leakin, Fitzhugh Lee, Mary Custis Lee, Mary Randolph Custis Lee, Mildred Lee, John Letcher, Gilley M. Lewis, George W. Leyburn, John Tayloe Lomax, George Long, E. Lorraine, James Washington Lugenbeel, Alexander Macomb, Bp. James Madison, William McLain, Thomas S. McClelland, Cyrus A. McCormick, R. S. McCulloh, James McDowell, William H. McGuffey, John McLaian, G. Wilson McPhail, William Mahone, Jared Mansfield, John Marsh, J. M. Mason, John Y. Mason, Nathaniel H. Massie, William Massie, Socrates Maupin, Reuben Maury, William Maxwell, William Meade, Andrew Meneely, Charles Fenton Mercer, Margaret Mercer, Collier H. Minge, Charles Minnigerode, Charles Minor, Franklin Minor, John B. Minor, Lucien Minor, Peter Minor, Warner W. Minor, Lottie Moon, Orianna Moon, Robert Barclay Moon, Samuel O. Moon, Richard Channing Moore, William Caine Moragne, Ellen Mordecai, Charles S. Morgan, Gouverneur Morris, Cyrus E. Morse, Jeremiah Morton, Charles L. Mosby, Wade Mosby, and William Mylne.
Also William Barclay Napton, John Neilson, Hugh Nelson, Alpheus Nettleton, John L. Newcomb, Thomas Newton, Robert C. Nicholas, Wilson Cary Nicholas, Mason Noble, Samuel Nott, Stephen Olin, Silas Omohundro, Abraham Oppenhimer, E.O.C. Ord, Lucy Otey, H. G. Otis, Frederick A. Packard, John R. Page, Jabez Parker, Marsena R. Patrick, Robert M. Patterson, Brobert B. Patton, Benjamin E. Payne, William G. Pendleton, William N. Pendleton, Joshua Peterkin, Bernard Peyton, Thomas Jefferson Peyton, John Pierpont, B. Pinney, James Pleasants, John H. Pleasants, William Plumer, John Poisal, Leonidas Polk (copy), S. L. Pomroy, Frederick W. Porter, John H. Powell, Rebecca C. Powell, Smith Powell, Pike Powers, R. R. Prentis, Gen. Francis S. Preston, James P. Preston, John T. L. Preston, William Ballard Preston, J. B. Quigg, Dudley Ragland, G. W. Randolph, Thomas Jefferson Randolph, Thomas M. Randolph, William Beverley Randolph, William Rawle, C. H. Read, Samuel Reeve, William Reid, Thomas G. Rhett, Benjamin H. Rice, Matilda Lomax Richardson, W. H. Richardson, John B. Richeson, George W. Ridgely, Thomas Ritchie, Alfred Landon Rives, Judith Page Walker Rives, William C. Rives, Joseph J. Roberts, Conway Robinson, M. M. Robinson, M.M. Robinson, Jr., Moncure Robinson, C. A. Rodney, Robert E. Rogers, William B. Rogers, Frederick A. Ross, Edmund Ruffin, Frank G. Ruffin, William H. Ruffner, Daniel Ruggles, and Robert Ryland.
Also Andrew Sample, G. W. Samson, L. M. Sargent, M. Schele de Vere, S.S. Schmucker, Robert G. Scott, Winfield Scott, James A. Seddon, J.N. Shepherd, Martin B. Shepherd, William Short, Arthur Sinclair, George Tarry Sinclair, L.L. Singleton, F. G. Skinner, John S. Skinner, Fulwar Skipwith, George Skipwith, George Gray Skipwith, Henry Skipwith, Lady Jean Skipwith, Lucy Skipwith, Peyton Skipwith, Peyton H. Skipwith, Philip Slaughter, Francis H. Smith, Gerrit Smith, Gideon B. Smith, John Augustine Smith, William Smith, William A. Smith, Valentine Southall, Julius A. Spencer, George W. Spooner, George Spotswood, John Staples, Joseph G. Steele, Andrew Stevenson, Joseph C. Stiles, Drury Stith, John B. Strange, William G. Strange, Leander Sturdivant, N.A. Sturdivant, and J.G. Swift.
Also William Taliaferro, Lewis Tappan, Archibald Taylor, George B. Taylor, James B. Taylor, Robert B. Taylor, Tazewell Taylor, William J.R. Taylor, Littleton W. Tazewell, John Timberlake, Jr., John H. Timberlake, Walker Timberlake, George P. Todson, H. B. Tomlin, Joseph Tongo, Ithiel Town, George Trask, Edward Troye, H.M. Trueheart, Beverley Tucker, Henry St. George Tucker, St. George Tucker, M. Tuomey, Henry Tutwiler, Martin Tutwiler, John Tyler, Stephen H. Tyng, Cortlandt Van Rensselaer, Stephen Van Rensselaer, H.W. Vandergrift, A. W. Venable, Corbin Warwick, Joseph S. Watkins, W. B. Wellons, William Wertenbaker, Philip S. White, William S. White, John G. Whittier, Samuel Wilkeson, Edward Jefferson Willis, John A. Washington, Bp. J.P.B. Wilmer, Bp. R. H. Wilmer, Capt. John Winn, William Wirt, Henry A. Wise, Charles Woodson, John F. Wren, Albert W. Wright, Benjamin Wright, John S. Wright, Charles D. Yale, Charles Yancey, and William M. Young.
Firms and organizations corresponding with Cocke include A. & T. B. Crenshaw, Ellis and Allan (and its London counterpart Allan & Ellis), Boyd, Edmond and Davenport, C.H. Minge and Co., John N. Gordon and Co., Hughes and Armistead, Thomas Rutherford & Son, Dean & Edwards, Collier H. Minge, W.D. Tompkins & Bro. (Richmond, Va.) Farm managers and overseers corresponding with Cocke include Edwin Gray, Dudley Ragland, Richard D. Powell, Smith Powell, and Robert E. Tanner.
Among the many printed items of interest are a copy of Jefferson's bill for establishing a system of public education; William Rawle's "Address to the Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture; a broadside for William Prince's Linnean Botanic Garden; a Mutual Assurance Society policy; a mamual of pyrotechny for West Point cadets; a form letter soliciting information for Böÿe's map of Virginia; a prospectus for W.E. Dwight's proposed boys' school in New Haven; an 1838 Gerrit Smith circular letter on the American Colonization Society and his speech at the 1851 National Liberty Party convention; a defense of slavery by Thornton Stringfellow; a message to the United States from J.J. Roberts, president of Liberia, and a circular concerning Liberian independence; Samuel Nott's tract on slavery and remedy with an endorsement by Cocke; Horace Bushnell's discourse on slavery; James Hamilton's essay on the Literary Attractions of the Bible; a circular from P.T. Barnum promoting the St. Louis Fair of 1851; a circular letter to University of Virginia alumni from Thomas Ellis; Thome and Kimball's book on emancipation in the West Indies; an 1858 advertisement for the Liberia packet Ship Mary Caroline Stevens; an anti-tobacco broadside by George Trask; a broadside for Virginia Randolph Trist's school for young ladies; a Swedenborgian tract by John Clowes; a campaign ticket for states rights candidates to the Virginia State Convention; the Virginia Ordinance of Secession; an electoral ticket for Jefferson Davis; an address of the Peace Society of London to the people of the United States; and a brief message from Gilbert C. Walker on Reconstruction.
I. Correspondence, dated. -- II. Correspondence, undated. -- III. Miscellaneous papers. -- IV. Bound volumes. -- V. Diaries. -- VI. Oversize.
Cite as
John Hartwell Cocke, Papers, 1725-1949, Accession 640, Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, VA 22903.
Terms of Use
Planter of Bremo, Fluvanna County, Va., general in the War of 1812, reformer, educator, and a co-founder of the University of Virginia.
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