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John Hartwell Cocke papers [manuscript] 1725-1931.

Cocke, John Hartwell,
Mixed Materials; Archive
Variant title
Cocke family papers
Organization / Arrangement
I. Correspondence, dated. -- II. Correspondence, undated. -- III. Miscellaneous papers. -- IV. Bound volumes. -- V. Diaries. -- VI. Oversize.
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Finding aid note
List available. Card Index available. Guide available.
Correspondence, diaries, account books, plantation records, genealogical information and other papers.Cataloging incomplete.The material relates to Cocke's interests and activities beginning with his student years at the College of William and Mary, but chiefly concerning his plantations at Bremo in Fluvanna County, Hopewell in Greene County, Alabama and Mississippi, horse breeding and racing, sheep, and agricultural methods and societies; waterways, steam navigation, and other public improvements, particularly the James River and Kanawha Canal; the War of 1812 and the Civil War; primary and secondary education, and the University of Virginia; the Presbyterian Church, and the American Colonization Society, the American Temperance Union, and other religious and reform groups.Specific topics include fruit tree grafting, corn, wheat, and timber; slave sales and hires; secular and religious education of slaves; observations by Charls Ellis on the managment of tobacco; construction at Bremo, Bremo seminary; the Erie Canal; county militia; Lafayette's visit to Virginia; the declining health of Thomas Jeffersoon; the will of Tadeusz Kościuszko; settlement of John Bowdoin's estate; anti-Jackson sentiment in the election of 1828; education of Cocke's children, particularly at the University of Virginia, the United States Military Academy, the Edgehill School at Princeton; the 1832 cholera epidemic; freedmen in Liberia; Tredegar Iron Works; Hartford Retreat for the Insane; the Baltimore and Cuba Smelting and Minng Company, Hampden-Sydney College; the Virginia Military Institute; reclining seats for railroad cars;Of great interest is Cocke's correspondence with and about founders, builders, professors and students of the University of Virginia, particularly William H. McGuffey whose frequent letters describe activities at the University. The collection also contains a list of subscribers to Central College, 1818.Letters of note include John Allan, 1829 May 22, mentioning that his foster son, Edgar Allan Poe, is applying for a cadetship at West Point; Nicholas Faulcon on British depredations in Surry County during the War of 1812; manumitted slaves Peyton Skipwith, Diana Skipwith James and Beverly R. Wilson on their lives in Liberia; Gerrit Smith, 1839 Sep 16, urging Cocke to free his slaves; Cyrus H. McCormick, 1843, on his reaper;The collection also contains class notes and an oration at the College of William and Mary, 1797-1801; diaries of Cocke, of his second wife, Louisa Maxwell Holmes Cocke, and of Lucy Cocke; minutes of the Board of Visitors of the University of Virginia and of its predecessors, Albemarle Academy and Central College; Thomas Jefferson's specifications and drawings for the University of Virginia; Cocke's journal of travels to the West; an epitaph for John H. Cocke, Jr., written by Lydia H. Sigourney; Family correspondents include Otway Byrd Barraud, Dr. Philip Barraud, John T. Bowdoin, Arthur Lee Brent, Ann Blaws Cocke Cabell, Nathaniel Francis Cabell, Ann Blaws Barraud Cocke, Cary C. Cocke, John Bowdoin Cocke, John H. Cocke, Jr., Louisa M. Holmes Cocke, Lucy Oliver Cocke, Philip St. George Cocke, Sally E.C. Bowdoin Cocke, Louisiana Barraud Cocke Faulcon, Nicholas Faulcon, Louisiana Barraud Cocke Kennon, Samuel M. Wilson,Important correspondents include Joseph Carrington Cabell, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and James Monroe.Among the additional correspondents are Judith Cary Applewhaite, William Segar Archer, General John Armstrong, William J. Armstrong, Col. S. B. Archer, Jacob W. Bailey, Richard H. Baker, Briscoe G. Baldwin, John P. Ballard, James Barbour, Thomas Lawson Barraud, Commodore James Barron, Isaac C. Bates, S.B.S. Bissell, William M. Blackford, George Blaettermann, Thomas S. Bocock, Philip Augustus Bolling, William Bolling, T.M. Bondurant, Charles Bonnycastle, Francis Bowman, Chiles M. Brand, Corbin Braxton, William Brent, Jr., John A. Broadus, William F. Broaddus, Arthur Spicer Brockenbrough, Ludwell H. Brown, James C. Bruce, Elizabeth Tucker Coalter Bryan, John R. Bryan, J. S. Buckingham, David J. Burr, John S. Butler, James L. Cabell, Mayo Cabell, William H. Cabell, John C. Calhoun, Mathew Carey, Frank Carr, Archibald Cary, Wilson Miles Cary, T. T. Castleman, Bishop Philander Chase, Edward Codrington Carrington, S. J. Cassels, Peter J. Chevallie, W. B. Chittenden, DeWitt Clinton, John Coalter, Nicholas H. Cobbs, James T. B. Cocke, Richard I. Cocke, Daniel Coleman, Ruffin Coleman, Isaac Coles, Tucker Coles, Walter Coles, Russell S. Cook, Joseph Coolidge, Virgil Cornish, James C. Crane, Elliott Cresson, Claudius Crozet, Joshua N. Danforth, William S. Damrell, Alexander Jackson Davis, Eugene Davis, John A. G. Davis, Martin Dawson, Jeremiah Day, F. B. Deane, Jr., Dr. F. H. Deane, E. C. Delavan, Austin Dickinson, James Dinsmore, John R. W. Dunbar, Robley Dunglison, Dr. William J. DupreyAlso B. T. Eastman, Justin Edwards, Patrick N. Edgar, Charles Ellet, Jr., Ezra Stiles Ely, John P. Emmet, Thomas A. Emmet, Thomas J. Evans, Dr. Charles Everett, P. R. Fendall, John Floyd, Dr. William Foushee, Thomas H. Gallaudet, Albert Gallatin, Joseph Gallego, James Galt, William Galt, Sr., William Galt, Jr., James M. Garnett, Alexander Garrett, Thomas S. Gholson, J. Melville Gillis, Francis Walker Gilmer, George R. Gilmer, Peachy R. Gilmer, Thomas Walker Gilmer, William Wirt Gilmer, Dr. Claiborne Watts Gooch, Elizur Goodrich, John B. Gough, John G. Gramble, Moses Grant, General Moses Green, R. R. Gurley, Temple Gwathmey, Major Walter Gwynn, Charles H. Hall, William A. Hallock, J. H. Green, Carter H. Harrison, Gessner Harrison, Mary Harrison, Peyton Harrison, Randoph Harrison, Sr., William H. Harrison, William W. Hening, Joseph Henry, Thomas A. Holcombe, Dr. George P. Holeman, Hezekiah Howe,Also Andrew Jackson, Diana Skipwith James, Chapman Johnson, J. D. Johnson, Charles C. Jones, Robert S. Jones, Dr. Andrew Kean, Napoleon Kean, Christian Keener, Shepard K. Kollock, John S. Langhorne, the Marquis de Lafayette (copies only), George A. Leakin, Gilley M. Lewis, George W. Leyburn, John Tayloe Lomax, George Long, James Washington Lugenbeel, General Alexander Macomb, Bp. James Madison, William M'Lain, Thomas S. McClelland, Cyrus H. McCormick, James McDowell, John McLean, G. Wilson McPhail, John McPhail, Jared Mansfield, J.M. Mason, John Y. Mason, William Massie, Reuben Maury, William Maxwell, Bp. William Meade, Charles Fenton Mercer, Margaret Mercer, Charles Minor, John B. Minor, Lucian Minor, Peter Minor, W. W. Minor, R. Barclay Moon, S. O. Moon, Richard Channing Moore, Charles S. Morgan, Gouverneur Morris, Jr., C. L. Mosby, Wade Mosby, William Mylne,Also William Barclay Napton, John Neilson, Hugh Nelson, Alpheus Nettleton, Thomas Newton, Robert C. Nicholas, Wilson Cary Nicholas, Mason Noble, Stephen Olin, Silas Omohundro, Lucy Otey, H. G. Otis, Frederick A. Packard, Jabez Parker, Robert M. Patterson, Brobert B. Patton, Benjamin E. Payne, William G. Pendleton, Bernard Peyton, Thomas Jefferson Peyton, John Pierpont, B. Pinney, James Pleasants, John H. Pleasants, William Plumer, John Poisal, Leonidas Polk (copy), Frederick W. Porter, Pike Powers, Gen. Francis S. Preston, James P. Preston, Dudley Ragland, G. W. Randolph, Thomas Jefferson Randolph, Thomas M. Randolph, William Rawle, C. H. Read, Samuel Reeve, William Reid, Benjamin H. Rice, W. H. Richardson, John B. Richeson, George W. Ridgely, Thomas Ritchie, Judith Page Walker Rives, William C. Rives, Conway Robinson, M. M. Robinson, M.M. Robinson, Jr., Moncure Robinson, C. A. Rodney, Robert E. Rogers, William B. Rogers, Frederick A. Ross, Edmund Ruffin, Frank G. Ruffin, Robert Ryland,Andrew Sample, L. M. Sargent, M. Schele de Vere, S.S. Schmucker, Robert G. Scott, Winfield Scott, J.N. Shepherd, Martin B. Shepherd, William Short, Arthur Sinclair, L.L. Singleton, John S. Skinner, Fulwar Skipwith, George Skipwith, George Gray Skipwith, Henry Skipwith, Lady Jean Skipwith, Lucy Skipwith, Francis H. Smith, Gerrit Smith, Gideon B. Smith, John Augustine Smith, Valentine Southall, George W. Spooner, George Spotswood, John Staples, Andrew Stevenson, Joseph C. Stiles, Drury Stith, William G. Strange, Leander Sturdivant, N.A. Sturdivant, J.G. Swift, Archibald Taylor, James B. Taylor, Robert B. Taylor, Littleton W. Tazewell, John Timberlake, Jr., John H. Timberlake, Walker Timberlake, George P. Todson, Ithiel Town, George Trask, Edward Troye, H.M. Trueheart, Beverley Tucker, Henry St. George Tucker, St. George Tucker, M. Tuomey, Henry Tutwiler, Martin Tutwiler, John Tyler, Stephen H. Tyng, Cortlandt Van Rensselaer, Stephen Van Rensselaer, A. W. Venable, Corbin Warwick, Joseph S. Watkins, William Wertenbaker, Philip S. White, William S. White, John G. Whittier, Samuel Wilkeson, Bp. J.P.B. Wilmer, Bp. R. H. Wilmer, Capt. John Winn, William Wirt, Charles Woodson, Albert W. Wright, Benjamin Wright, John S. Wright, Charles D. Yale, Charles YanceyFirms and organizations corresponding with Cocke include A. & T. B. Crenshaw, Ellis and Allan (and its London counterpart Allan & Ellis), Boyd, Edmond and Davenport, C.H. Minge and Co., John N. Gordon and Co., Hughes and Armistead, Thomas Rutherford & Son, Dean & Edwards, Collier H. Minge, Farm managers and overseers corresponding with Cocke include Edwin Gray, Dudley Ragland, Richard D. Powell, Robert E. Tanner,Also of interest are entries in Cocke's diaries for 1853 Jan. 26 and 1859 Apr. 27 in which he mentions Thomas Jefferson's relationship with Sally Hemings; and entries describing putting his freedmen on board ship for Liberia;Among the many printed items of interest are a copy of Jefferson's bill for establishing a system of public education; William Rawle's "Address to the Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture; a broadside for William Prince's Linnean Botanic Garden; an 1838 Gerrit Smith circular letter on the American Colonization Society; a defense of slavery by Thornton Stringfellow; a message to the United States from J.J. Roberts, president of Liberia, and a circular concerning Liberian independence; James Hamilton's address on the Literary Attractions of the Bible; a circular from P.T. Barnum promoting the St. Louis Fair of 1851; a circular letter to University of Virginia alumni from Thomas Ellis
Cite as
John Hartwell Cocke, Papers, 1725-1931, Accession 640, Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, VA 22903.
Terms of use
Planter of Bremo, Fluvanna County, Va., general in the War of 1812, reformer, educator, and a co-founder of the University of Virginia.
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